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A results-oriented collaborative programme jointly developed by the Government of Kazakhstan, Ministry of Regional Development and Akimat of Mangystau Region and 7 UN Agencies - UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, UN Women and WHO - to expand the opportunities of the Mangystau Oblast (region) in achieving sustainable and equitable progress in social, health and economic development for 2014-2016. Each agency brings a distinct comparative advantage in the form of specific knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life.
Mangystau region is a unique, natural resources-rich region of Kazakhstan, with economy heavily dependent on oil and gas resources. The extracting industry dominates in the gross regional domestic product, while the agriculture is almost negligible, resulting in low employment opportunities and weak SME development. Implementation of the legislation on local self-governance still requires more active engagement of non-state actors in the development of their communities. The region is prone to the risk of natural and manmade disasters. The climatic conditions are not favoring formation of soil and vegetation, impacting welfare of the local communities and together with extracting industry creating serious challenges for sustainable development. The agricultural activities and general land management in such geographic and climate conditions are challenging and require more subtle management and monitoring systems to avoid negative impacts.
Despite its high per capita GRDP Mangystau is a region struggling to ensure that its economic growth is reflected in human, social and health development, reducing social inequality. Children and youth are in need for better access to quality inclusive social services; problems exist in sexual and reproductive health. Primary health care providers need support to implement safe maternity programmes. Culture issues should be addressed more seriously.
In order to comply with the law on self-governance and insure inclusive economic growth, there is a clear need for more active participation of civil-society in local development, as well as additional measures for SME development and employment increase, social-economic integration of oralmans.
Considering the development challenges identified in the economic, social and environmental dimensions, the programme is elaborated on the following objectives, each corresponding to the identified problem phenomenon in the respective sector:
The programme addresses different dimensions of development and has a strong potential for helping to break the intergenerational transfer of rural population’s poverty and dis-empowerment: through educational and skill enhancement opportunities of especially most vulnerable ones to improve their access to livelihood options, social services and economic opportunities, strengthening their confidence and respect in the communities, increasing their engagement in local governance systems, and decreasing problems in housing and communal sector.
The Joint Programme takes into account the experience of the ongoing Joint Programme implemented by three UN Agencies’ East-Kazakhstan Oblast in cooperation with the Ministry of Regional Development and Akimat of East-Kazakhstan Oblast, and various pilot activities carried out by the participating UN Agencies in Mangystau Oblast and based upon conducted needs assessment and dialogue with the Akimat’s officials. Other elements of the programme rely on the priorities of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for the Republic of Kazakhstan 2010-2015, as well as on the priorities of key national strategic documents, such as “Kazakhstan – 2050” and is in line with the mission of the Ministry of Regional Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan: creation of the favorable conditions for the livelihood of the country’s population via dynamic regions’ development.
Participating Organizations are required to submit final year-end expenditures by April 30 in the following year; Interim expenditure figures are submitted on a voluntary basis and therefore current year figures are not final until the year-end expenditures have been submitted.
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Multi-Partner Trust Fund Office, Bureau of Management, United Nations Development Programme; Fax: +1 212 906 6990