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UN-REDD Viet Nam Phase II Trust Fund Reports
UN-REDD Viet Nam Phase II Trust Fund Main Documents
UN-REDD Viet Nam Phase II Website
The UN-REDD Viet Nam Phase II Programme (“Phase II”) will continue the efforts of UN-REDD Phase I in reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in Viet Nam. Phase II coincides with the second phase of the three phases of REDD+ as elaborated under the Cancun Agreement. Its objective is to “enhance Viet Nam’s ability to benefit from future results-based payments for REDD+ and undertake transformational changes in the forestry sector”.
Forestry and REDD+ in Viet Nam
Viet Nam’s forest cover declined from 43 percent to 27 percent between 1943 and 1990. Since then, Viet Nam has made considerable efforts to increase its overall forest cover, which now stands at about 13 million hectares or 40 percent. The increase has been mainly due to new plantations, which now account for nearly 3 million hectares.
The factors driving deforestation/degradation have changed throughout the course of recent history. In the period 1943-1993, it was mostly a result of war and agricultural expansion by people migrating into forested areas. Currently, the main direct causes of deforestation are generally agreed to be: (i) conversion to agriculture (particularly to industrial perennial crops); (ii) unsustainable logging (notably illegal logging); (iii) infrastructure development; and (iv) forest fires.
Given opportunities in forestry, and in line with international developments, Viet Nam with support from the international community has taken steps to incorporate REDD+ into its forestry sector and to develop the national capacity and infrastructure for REDD+, including the development of its REDD+ strategy, the “National REDD+ Action Programme” (NRAP).
Phase II is fully aligned with Vietnamese policies. It will contribute directly to the implementation of the Viet Nam Forestry Development Strategy and the National Climate Change Strategy. In particular, the objective contributes directly to the implementation of the NRAP.
Phase II will deliver capacity building and provide technical assistance at the national and provincial levels, but also covering initial activities to reduce emissions in the six pilot provinces: Lam Dong, Ca Mau, Binh Thuan, Ha Tinh, Bac Kan and Lao Cai. Phase II will provide local capacity building required for implementing REDD+ activities at the site level.
In parallel to the work under Phase II, a series of other initiatives are developing similar capacity in other provinces. Through the work under Phase II and these partners, a total of eight to ten provinces should be ready to pilot REDD+ activities within the next several years.
Phase II will deliver six Outcomes. These are:
Outcome 1: Capacities for an operational National REDD+ Action Programme are in place
Outcome 2: The six pilot provinces enabled to plan and implement REDD+ actions
Outcome 3: National Forest Monitoring System for Monitoring and Measurement, Reporting and Verification and National REDD+ Information System on Safeguards, are operational
Outcome 4: A national level Benefit Distribution System established
Outcome 5: Mechanisms to address the social and environmental safeguards under the Cancun Agreement established
Outcome 6: Regional cooperation progress on REDD+ implementation in the Lower Mekong Sub-Region.
Phase II includes innovative aspects that are expected to generate knowledge and understanding on how to operationalise REDD+. Two such aspects are participatory monitoring and the approach to regional and trans-boundary issues:
Overall governance and strategic direction will be provided by the UN-REDD Viet Nam Executive Group, and overall management decisions will be made by the Programme Executive Board (PEB). The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) will be the National Executing Agency, and MARD’s Administration of Forestry, VNForest, will be the “Project Owner” according to Vietnamese Official Development Assistance regulation. VNForest will establish a Programme Management Unit (PMU). The MARD minister will nominate a unit as the National Implementation Agency (NIA) and will appoint a senior official as National Programme Director (NPD). The NPD will have overall responsibility for Phase II. Provincial PMUs (PPMU) in six provinces will also be created and will operate under the guidance of the NPD/PMU.
The Executive Group (EG) provides strategic direction to Phase II, ensures UN-REDD quality assurance and fulfills an important oversight function. It will be chaired by a senior representative of the Government of Viet Nam, and include a senior representative of the donor(s), and a representative of the UN-REDD Strategy Group (FAO, UNDP, UNEP, on a rotational basis, the other two will participate as observers). The UN Resident Coordinator Viet Nam, as co-chair of the PEB, participates as an observer together with a member of Vietnamese civil society. The MPTF Office will be an ex-officio member. The EG will meet annually in November immediately after a PEB meeting. The EG may also meet more frequently, as required for specific purposes, including through telephone conference or videoconference.
The Programme Executive Board (PEB) is responsible for making management decisions, including approval of quarterly and annual work plans and budget revisions (subject to the provisions for EG approval, described above). The PEB will make executive decisions to ensure that implementation will happen as planned and agreed.
The PEB will make decisions by consensus, and in accordance with standards that shall ensure management for results, cost-effectiveness, fairness, integrity, transparency and effective international competition. The PEB will ensure the integration of Phase II into Viet Nam’s emerging REDD+ governance structure.
The Chair of the PEB will be a senior official of the Government of Viet Nam and the UN Resident Coordinator Viet Nam will be Co-chair. Members will include representatives of FAO, UNDP, UNEP; the NPD; the Head of the VRO, other relevant governmental agencies, and representatives of civil society and Indigenous Peoples. Prior to presenting their position on a significant issue to the PEB, representatives of Participating UN Organizations will ensure that it is endorsed internally by their Organizations and is in line with their Organizations’ regulatory requirements. The PMU will provide secretarial support.
The Programme Management Unit (PMU) will be placed at the NIA. The PMU is headed by the NPD. In addition, a full-time deputy NPD will be recruited. Key PMU staff will be full time, including the Programme Coordinator, Provincial Coordinator, chief accountant etc.
The PMU’s roles include developing overall and detailed work plans including resources and target dates for the expected results; maintaining information management systems; preparing progress reports; and hiring consultants to undertake mid-term and terminal evaluations.
There will be Provincial PMUs (PPMUs) in the six pilot provinces, each with a Provincial Programme Director, a Provincial Programme Field Coordinator and some support staff. PPMUs will manage some finance locally, under the supervision of the NPD/PMU. The PPMUs are responsible for overseeing activities in the concerned provinces, for preparing provincial annual and quarterly work plans, and for preparing provincial annual and quarterly reports. Such reports will be submitted for approval to the NPD/PMU.
In the districts of the six pilot provinces there will be REDD+ Task Forces, comprising staff from the forestry sections of DARD, district division of Agriculture and Rural Development or otherwise, and representatives of civil society and the private sector (there is diversity as to how this is organized locally). Communes will be asked to nominate forestry officers where appropriate, who will receive technical training and, if required to attend training events or meetings, will receive financial support to do so.
The Participating UN Organizations will provide technical assistance to VNForest, the PMU and PPMUs. The Participating UN Organizations will provide technical support to the overall Programme. For UNDP and FAO this will be through the respective Viet Nam Country Offices, where there will be at least on one full-time staff member responsible for Phase II. For UNEP, this will be through the Regional Office.
Managed under the National REDD+ Steering Committee and technically supported by an independent expert panel, the Viet Nam REDD+ Office (VRO) will coordinate REDD+ projects with Phase II, to minimize overlaps and optimise exchanges and cooperation between the projects. The VRO will ensure coordination between all REDD+ stakeholders in Viet Nam by maintaining and reinforcing the REDD+ Network and related working groups. The VRO shall conduct internal quality assurance and quality control of the technical activities, which are performed by Phase II’s Partners. The VRO must also review the “paper trail” in cases of allocations of rights to “participation benefits” to forest managers and users (e.g. communities, forest management boards) that will be established in the pilot provinces of Phase II.
Co-implementing Partners (CIPs) will implement substantive and specific parts of Phase II.
To assure coordination, a Joint Coordinating Group (JCG) will be established. It will include the NPD, the Head of the VRO and representatives of the three Participating UN Organizations.
The Independent Monitoring Board (IMB) will comprise of civil society organizations, NGOs and research organizations from the Viet Nam REDD+ Network. The host organization of the IMB will be agreed by the Viet Nam REDD+ Network members following an open selection process. It will be hosted by a national or international institution operating in Viet Nam. The work of the IMB will be funded by Phase II. It will monitor overall Programme results and not be a substitute for internal M&E.
The MPTF Office administers UN-REDD Viet Nam Phase II Programme MPTF resources in accordance with UNDP financial regulations and rules and the Phase II MPTF’s TOR.
Decision Making Process
The PEB will review and approve proposals from Participating UN Organisations submitted for funding, ensure their quality and conformity with the requirements of the MPTF agreements (MoUs, SAAs). The Participating UN Organizations, in collaboration with the PMU, will prepare quarterly and annual work plans (AWPs, developed in unified format) to be submitted to the PEB for approval. The PEB will submit annual fund disbursement requests indicating resource allocations at the Programme Outcome level per each Participating UN Organization to the EG for approval and subsequent instruction to the MPTF Office to make fund transfers.
Participating Organizations are required to submit final year-end expenditures by April 30 in the following year; Interim expenditure figures are submitted on a voluntary basis and therefore current year figures are not final until the year-end expenditures have been submitted.
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