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Yemen NDCR TF - Reports
The Yemen National Dialogue and Constitutional Reform Trust Fund (YNDCRTF) is established to support Yemen’s national dialogue and constitution-making processes. The support will be provided in accordance with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Initiative and the Agreement on the implementation mechanism for the transition process in Yemen (the “Agreement”) signed by both Yemeni sides on 23 November 2011, and in accordance with Security Council resolutions 2014 (2011) and 2051 (2012).
The situation in Yemen has been of serious concern for the international community, with the country facing multi-faceted threats to its stability. Following the escalation of violence and the political impasse in 2011, the GCC developed an initiative to resolve the crisis. The Security Council further adopted resolution 2014 (2011) on 21 October which, inter alia, called on all parties in Yemen to commit themselves to implement a political settlement based upon the GCC initiative without further delay. Face-to-face negotiations between the Yemeni sides facilitated by the UN Special Adviser Mr. Jamal Benomar, exercising the good offices of the UN Secretary-General, resulted in the signing of a political transition agreement in Riyadh on 23 November 2011. The Agreement provides a detailed roadmap for a transition led by a Government of National Unity over two years.
Members of the Security Council have reaffirmed their intention to continue to actively monitor the security, political and humanitarian situation in Yemen. On 12 June 2012, the Security Council passed a new resolution 2051 on Yemen (S/2012/2051) in which they reaffirmed the need for the full and timely implementation of the Transition Agreement in accordance with resolution 2014 (2011) including “convening an all-inclusive National Dialogue Conference”. The National Dialogue Conference is critical to the political transition as a mechanism to build consensus on a new vision for the State, ultimately contributing to a durable peace. This process will require a high degree of technical support and political facilitation to assist with the process and to deal with the multiple agendas that need to be addressed.
The YNDCRTF is established under the sponsorship of the Government of Yemen (GoY) and the United Nations, represented by the Office of the UN Special Adviser of the Secretary-General on Yemen (OSASG), in consultation with the UN Resident Coordinator and the UN Country Team. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), through its Multi-Partner Trust Fund Office (MPTF Office) is the YNDCTF Administrative Agent.
All programmes/projects funded by the YNDCRTF will be in support of, and strictly aligned with the GoY priorities, ensuring national ownership. The YNDCRTF will complement other support that will be provided to the political transition in Yemen by Yemen’s various partners and bring strategic value in developing capacity and promoting sustainability. The YNDCRTF will enhance coherence, transparency and accountability of the national dialogue process towards Yemeni authorities, citizens and Yemen’s development partners.
The YNDCRTF principles, governance structure and operational arrangements aim to ensure, in particular, that:
a) Each project approved for funding is part of a nationally-approved priority programme. It is based on or formulated in consultation with relevant national authorities and beneficiary communities;
b) Funding and implementation are undertaken with special attention to transparency and accountability;
c) The structure of the Fund will enhance speed and flexibility in delivering results and efficient utilization of funds; and
d) The YNDCRTF will focus on building the capacities of the GoY and other national institutions, developing sustainable local capacities for the long term.
The YNDCRTF is established to support a national dialogue and constitution-drafting process that is genuinely inclusive, transparent, and participatory. Specifically, it seeks to:
- Contribute toward an inclusive, participatory and transparent process based on applicable international norms, standards and best practices;
- Facilitate the inclusion of the extra-parliamentary opposition and other key constituencies in the political process (including the Houthis, the Hiraak, various political parties, civil society representatives, and women’s groups);
- Contribute to Yemeni efforts to address the situation of the South, the situation in Sada’a, national reconciliation and transitional justice, and to launch the constitution-making process;
- Ensure appropriate participation of women throughout the transitional process; and
- Support the drafting and adoption of a new constitution which enjoys the support of Yemeni society.
To achieve optimal progress and ensure maximum flexibility and adaptation to emerging and changing national priorities, a guiding principle for resource mobilization would be that contributing partners are encouraged to contribute with multi-year un-earmarked resources. However, if this is not possible, earmarking at the level of the following priority sectors (in accordance with the Agreement):
1) Capacity Building and Institutional Development
2) Technical and Administrative Support
3) Advisory Services
The governance structure consists of a Steering Committee dealing with strategic Fund oversight and programme/project allocation matters, assisted by the Fund Secretariat. The YNDCRTF counts with an Operations Working Group set up as a working level forum, which will identify bottle necks in the implementations of approved projects and ensuring YNDTF activities are shared and benefit from similar initiatives that are undertaken outside of the Fund.
The Steering Committee
The YNDCRTF Steering Committee provides overall oversight of the Fund, decides the fund allocation criteria as well as for the technical review by the YNDCRTF Secretariat of projects proposals, and final approval and submission of fund transfer by the Administrative Agent to the Participating UN Organizations (PUNOs).
The Steering Committee is co-chaired by the Representative of Government of Yemen (GoY) and the UN Special Adviser to the Secretary-General. It shall review and approve project proposals and allocate funds.
The members of the Steering Committee are:
The YNDCRTF Operations Working Group
The Operations Working Group would be established as a working level group of the Steering Committee and will meet on a regular basis as a forum for periodic review of the progress of the YNDCRTF funded projects. The Working Group will allow to identify bottle necks and ensure YNDCRTF activities are shared with and benefit from similar initiatives that are undertaken outside of the Fund. The YNDCRTF Secretariat will convene the Working Group meetings and will inform the SC of significant issues raised by the Working Group.
The YNDCRTF Secretariat
The Secretariat will support the YNDCRTF Steering Committee and will be based within the UN Special Adviser’s Office. Costs for such tasks will be agreed in advance and approved by the Steering Committee, and charged to the YNDCRTF account as direct costs.
29. In assisting the Steering Committee the YNDCRTF Secretariat will be responsible for:
a) Logistical arrangements required to facilitate the Steering Committee meetings, including the preparation of agenda and minutes, sharing information on behalf of the co-chairs, distribution of documents, etc.;
b) Tracking the Steering Committee decisions, approvals, allocations, etc., and identifying challenges to be reported to the Steering Committee on quarterly basis;
c) Periodically reviewing the TOR and Rules of Procedure of the Steering Committee and recommending changes or revisions;
d) Develop in coordination with the Administrative Agent, forms and templates to be used by the PUNOs, to submit project proposals and provide result-based reporting to the Steering Committee; and
e) Review programmes/projects submissions of PUNOs to ensure adherence to the YNDCRTF TOR and any subsequent criteria approved by the Steering Committee.
The Multi-Partner Trust Fund Office (MPTF Office), as Administrative Agent, shall be responsible for concluding Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) with PUNOS and Standard Administrative Arrangements (SAAs) with donors. It shall receive, administer and transfer funds to PUNOs upon instructions from the Steering Committee and submit yearly consolidated narrative and financial reports to the Steering Committee for onward submission to all donors that have provided financial contributions to the YNDCRTF. The Administrative Agent will post data on the operation of the YNDCRTF on the website of the UN in Yemen, as well as in the Administrative Agent website, the MPTF Office GATEWAY.
Participating UN Organizations may be eligible for funding by concluding a MOU with the MPTF Office. Non UN-entities that are members of the UN Country Team and that have a similar international character and financial rules and regulations comparable to the UN may also become PUNOs by concluding a separate MOU with the MPTF Office.
Through the PUNOs, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), civil society organizations (CSOs) and national institutions may receive funds from the YNDCRTF based on a project agreement concluded with such PUNOs as implementing partners in accordance with their respective regulations, rules and procedures. Use of funds, reporting obligations, liability, audit and other matters relating to the management of the funds provided and the activities shall be addressed in such project agreements in the manner that is customary for the concerned PUNO.
Participating Organizations are required to submit final year-end expenditures by April 30 in the following year; Interim expenditure figures are submitted on a voluntary basis and therefore current year figures are not final until the year-end expenditures have been submitted.
Funds with Administrative Agent
Funds with Participating Organizations
For Policy and Programme IssuesOffice of the Special Adviser of the Secretary-General (OSASG) in Yemen;
For Fund Administration Issues
Multi-Partner Trust Fund Office (MPTF Office), Bureau of Management, United Nations Development Programme;