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Tools for » RWA 5 - Sustainable Growth and Social Protection
Project ID:00065946Description:RWA 5 - Sustainable Growth and
Fund:
Rwanda One UN Fund
Start Date *: 31 Dec 2008
Theme:
Growth & Soc Protection
End Date*: 31 Dec 2016
Country: Rwanda Project Status: Operationally Closed
  Participating Organization:   Multiple
About

UNDAF Result on Sustainable Growth and Social Protection

 

Summary of Significant National Achievements

 

The Government is leading the development and promotion of a long-term, sustainable economic and social progress program to reduce poverty and achieve food and nutrition security in the country. The agricultural sector alone is responsible for generating approximately 47% of Rwanda’s GDP, making it one of the country’s most important economic sectors and integral to achieving the goals set out in the MDGs and the national strategies, Vision 2020 and the EDPRS. By aligning budget, trade, and immigration policies with its regional partners, improving education, infrastructure, and foreign and domestic investment and pursuing market-oriented reforms, Rwanda has begun the transformation to market oriented agriculture. The Strategic Plan for the Transformation of Agriculture (PSTA II) constitutes an essential framework for achieving the objectives related to food and nutrition security and to increase and diversify household incomes. In line with national sustainable development objectives, the Government has adopted a number of policies and strategies to enhance agricultural productivity generate off farm employment and promote value added export.

 

Of direct relevance to this UNDAF Result is Target 3 of MDG 1, namely to halve between 1990 and 2015 the proportion of people who suffer from hunger. Thanks to the Government of Rwanda’s efforts and commitment, production has exceeded consumption for both seasons of 2010. The agricultural sector has made good progress in achieving the Vision 2020 goals and has in some cases exceeded them. Agricultural GDP growth in 2010 was 7.2%, close to the 6% target for 2020. Rwanda is on track in reaching the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development programme target of public investment in agriculture by a minimum of 10% of their national budgets. Currently 9.6% of the national budget goes to the agricultural sector in Rwanda.

 

The most important achievements related to the EDPRS targets, is availability of and increased access to inputs. A new fertilizer voucher system was introduced in 2010, ensuring that subsidies are correctly targeted. Soil conservation and water management has progressed well, with just over 80% of land now sustainably managed. This is largely due to MINAGRI’s Land Husbandry, Water Harvesting and Hillside Irrigation Project. Following the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Programme compact meeting, organized in Kigali in December 2009, development partners were invited to assess the status of implementation of the Agricultural Sector Investment Plan 2009-2012. Development partners committed to mobilize support for additional financing for the implementation of PSTA II. Following revision and updates by FAO, a grant of 50 million USD was accessed by MINAGRI through the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program, administered by the World Bank, which will be used to expand the Land Husbandry, Water Harvesting and Hillside Irrigation Project.

 

Crop production has continued to follow an upward trend in 2010, seeing an increase in production levels of both seasons. Statistics show that total agricultural output has increased from approximately 7 to 10 million megatons, largely driven by an increase in production of roots and tubers. The increase in production has had a positive impact on food security in Rwanda, measured in terms of availability. Commodity chain and agri-business development has become a high priority, as a result of the good harvest achieved both in 2009 and 2010. The Ministry of Agriculture (MINAGRI) has thus put a Post-Harvest Handling and Storage Taskforce in place that is expected to address these issues and ensure a stable and profitable price for producers.

 

A further step towards alignment consisted of the progress of the Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) between the MINAGRI and 10 development partners. Policy review in a fully operational SWAp and the SWAp implementation structures are progressing.

 

On Social Protection, the year 2010 has seen a lot of progress, notably, the finalization of the National Social Protection Strategy; the up scaling of Vision 2020 Umurenge Programme (VUP) to 30 more sectors, reaching the coverage of 90 sectors; the national census of people living with disability; the update and review of the Ubudehe database as a joint partnership between MINALOC-MINISANTE, that will allow improved targeting of Social Protection programmes’ beneficiaries and the development of a national health insurance scheme reaching all the population, including out-of-reach and rural populations.

 

Households receiving social protection report improvements in human development outcomes (health, education, nutrition) and economic development (increased assets and investments in productive activity), as well as increased social cohesion and community participation (people are interacting more with others in the community and in many cases working together to earn an income and to solve problems).

 

 The scale-up of VUP is on track, with the expansion to a fourth sector per district in 2011, which would enla VUP coverage to 120 sectors. The financial services component was launched during 2010, in addition to Public Works and Direct Support, so that all three VUP components are now operational in 90 Sectors.

 

The VUP Appeals and Complaints Mechanism were designed and pilot-tested in 5 Sectors. The VUP has been recognised a central component of Rwanda’s National Social Protection Strategy, which was drafted during 2010. Support from development partners is increasing – alongside DFID, the EU, the World Bank, and Sida; the UN signed a Memorandum of Understanding to support the VUP. The VUP has provided social protection support to 9,692 households through Direct Support and 78,004 households through Public Works. In addition, 55,675 households have received access to Financial Services loans through the Ubudehe Credit Scheme. The positive impacts on household welfare include household consumption (food, utensils, clothes), human capital (health education), asset accumulation (livestock), house building/renovation, income generation (agriculture, business), and savings.

The One UN supported the Genocide Survivors Support and Assistance Fund to provide 46,128 students with school materials and scholarships, 196,960 survivors with primary health care through mutuelles de santé, 23,360 with monthly social assistance, and 2,000 households with income generating support. Finally, the UN provided technical and financial support to the Rwanda Demobilization and Reintegration Commission. This allowed providing monthly social assistance to 1,957 severely disabled ex combatants to categorize disabled ex-combatants through medical screening in order for them to access disability benefits.

 

UN Specific Contribution

 

The UN is supporting the Government in achieving the goals set forward in the national frameworks. The UN is working to ensure that the Rwandan population benefits from food security and economic growth, including a productive employment, and is less vulnerable to natural, social and economic shocks. Following revisions of the UNDAF results framework this year, the UN contributions will be better aligned with government priorities and targeted, particularly in the areas of economic growth, agri-business development, financial access, marketing and regional integration, as well as in social protection.

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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Rwanda or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

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