Project Factsheet
Tools for » Youth, Employment, Migration – Reducing Inequalities in Ecuador
Project ID 00067212 Description MDGF-1936-H-ECU Youth Employme
Fund
MDG Achievement Fund
Start Date *: 31 Dec 2008
Theme
MDGF Youth Employ & Migrant
Project status Financially Closed
Country Ecuador Participating Organization   Multiple
About

Overview

The joint program was designed to overcome the problem of youth unemployment and migration through an economic strategy based on the identification and promotion of regional comparative advantages. The programme sought to reduce poverty, promote social equity and the creation of decent jobs for young people as a mechanism to access labor rights, equal employment opportunities, fair wages, social participation and protection. The strategy included a focus on education, rights and entrepreneurship in population 15 to 17 and 18 to 29 years of age.

The core theory of change is that with the adequate social and economic conditions for young people in the provinces they will develop greater attachment to their territory and have the financial means to avoid migration.

The JP built an on-line platform to link job seeker and potential employers. This platform includes access to training opportunities and generates comprehensive data, which helps identify existing demands within economic sectors, and reports on the outcome of the various selection processes, such as effective number of placements. During the life of the Programme the platform had over 4.2 million views with nearly 600 companies and public sector institutions registered.

The JP also supported the creation of two lines of access to financing for young entrepreneurs. The Young Entrepreneurs fund was initiated by the programme with $424,710 USD but was able to leverage an additional $2,553,340. USD from CONAFIP (Popular Finance Corporation and National Solidarity). As a result of the programme’s support to entrepreneur opportunities, 201 jobs were created, of which 120 were for women, and an additional 30 ventures were supported.

The JP supported the strengthening of national and local government capacity to implement training programs. The Programmes’ inputs, evidence and studies gave way to policy recommendations for the formulation of the National Plan for Good Living, the creation of Creation of a Migration Information System International (SIM) and an Information System on Migration indicators (SIMIGRACIÓN) which will offer evidence for the country’s immigration policy. This is the first time that Ecuador has this type of information publicly available and is expected to improve the quality of human mobility policies in the country. 

The programme also provided evidence to develop the National Youth Employment Plan, strengthening national institutions’ ability to formulate and implement national policies on youth employment.

 

Outcome 1:

Increased inclusion of youth in the labor market, considering the economic potential of the provinces, through decent work and economic entrepreneurship.

 

Outcome Achievements:

  • The JP built a platform that links job seekers to potential employers, provides information on training and evidence on market demand.
  • The JP strengthened Local Economic Development Agencies ability to the management of youth entrepreneurship.
  • The JP supported the creation of two lines of finance for youth aged 15 to 29 years: Credit Line "Young Entrepreneurs" and line of credit "Capital at Risk"
  • The strengthening of national and local government capacity to implement training programs for generating decent work through a transfer Motivation Tool methodology, which aims to help job seekers develop the skills such as better job interviews and the negotiation of salaries.
  • Strengthening local capacities for promoting Productive development and its impact on local development.
  • Strengthening public policies in the SENDAPLES (National Secretary of Planning and Development) to boost the promotion of productive development.

 

Outcome 2:

National policies for youth employment and youth migration in articulation running on the local and acting on the structural causes of migration and inequality.

 

Outcome Achievements:

  • Expanded the capabilities of national institutions (Ministry of Labour Relations and SENPLADES) to formulate and implement national policies on youth employment, by supporting the generation of inputs to develop the National Youth Employment Plan through the diagnosis of the youth employment in the Ecuador.
  • Conducted the following studies: "Analysis and Proposed Joint systematization and implementation of the National Youth Employment Policies and Migration Youth and Local Plans and Programs for Youth Employment and Socio-Economic Inclusion" and the "State Knowledge about Art Produced on Youth in Ecuador on Axes: Labor, Migration and Participation" both of which  gave way to policy recommendations for the formulation of the National Plan for Good Living from 2013 to 2017.
  • Creation of a Migration Information System International (SIM)  which allows to know the movement and number of migrants, service demands, deportation, social status of users, and follows up on institutional programs, case assignment, message window, surveys, event monitoring, control, and provides links to other projects and services provided by the SENAMI (National Secretariat for Migrants).
  • Information System on Migration indicators (SIMIGRACIÓN) which will provides evidence for the country’s immigration policy.
  • Publication of the Youth Report 2012 with updated analysis of specific indicators such as employment, access to social programs, teen pregnancy, health, mortality, education, social security, etc.
  • The Proposed Ordinance Decent Work  for Youth in Azuaycon with participation of youth organizations public institutions to build a legal tool that can generate public policy processes which make visible the needs of  youth linked to human mobility.
  • Proposal for Mainstreaming of services for migrants throughout relevant ministries.
  • Proposed Agenda for Fair National Human Mobility, which contains guidelines for building major public policy on human mobility.

 

Outcome 3:

Strengthened protection systems and rights of young people, focusing on labor rights and socio-economic inclusion, and supported by broad social participation processes.

 

 

Outcome Achievements:

  • Strengthened capacities of social organizations (trade unions and youth organizations) through the formulation and financing of social projects to promote decent work and protection of youth labor rights and strengthen of 35 Youth Organizations in Azuay, Loja and El Oro in The Trade Union Confederations Ecuador have several instruments to assume their role as agents of youth employment promotion and protection of rights of youth workers and youth labor migrants.
  • Supported the preparation of the bill of a new Labour Code submitted to the National Assembly through a study that analyzed the elements of labor legislation affecting youth employment promotion.
  • Provided a diagnosis of juvenile decent work and an Agenda for promoting it.
  • Promoted the formation of the Network on Labour Migration and Decent Work - involving the four trade union confederations Ecuador in order to coordinate actions to provide support for migrant workers.
  • Trained 100 young trainers. Approximately 1,300 young people benefitted from the process.
  • Support to youth spaces MIESpacio Juvenil care centers in Azuay as well as a Migrant virtual room and Migration Primer in Loja, Zamora and El Oro.
  • Workshops for conflict resolution through non-violence – 1,000 administrator, judicial and police staff trained in human trafficking and child & human mobility.

 

Best Practice

  • Coordination of different levels of government allowed effective implementation in the areas of intervention.
  • Empowerment of local actors.
  • Program and other bodies responsible for local economic development conceptualized an "Integrated Model to Support Youth Entrepreneurship "  which brought together  existing local initiatives with those of the JP, and provided a forum to agree on a common results framework such as the creation of support networks , mechanisms for local funding and links to ongoing initiatives of the ADEL (Local Economic Development Agency).
  • The JP was able to build a network to address youth related issues, including youth entrepreneurship.
  • The JP made visible the need for the National Ministries to focus on this group.

 

Lessons learned:

  • The JP improved its efficiency by focusing on key products and activities for achieving common results.
  • The creation of the 3 Interagency Youth Round-Tables was an effective mechanism to ensure youth participation in the decision- making.
  • Having an Operating Executive Committee, which included the lead agency and the national counterpart facilitated a participatory process of decision-making.

 

More details can be found in the documents below.

Recent Documents
Key Figures
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Contacts

If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Ecuador or the lead agency for the programme.

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