Project Factsheet
Tools for » UN-REDD Solomon Islands Programme: Support to Initial Readiness
Project ID:00076666Description:UN-REDD Programme Solomon Isla
Fund:
UN REDD Programme Fund
Start Date *: 1 Jun 2011
Theme:
UN_REDD
End Date*: 31 Mar 2014
Country: Solomon Islands Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   UNDP - UNDP(MDTF/PUNO only).
About

The logging industry is the single most significant economic sector in the Solomon Islands; it contributes 67% of export earnings, and some 12-13% of total government revenue.  As much as 50% of the employed workforce may be associated directly or indirectly with the forest sector.  Officially, annual export earnings in 2007 were approximately USD 110 million, though this is likely to be a significant under-estimate, as it is known that not all of exports are accurately assessed.

Key governance issues preventing sustainable management of forest resources in the Solomon Islands include: 

  • Outdated and incomplete legislation.  The main legislation governing the sector dates from 1969 and is inadequate to govern a vastly expanded industry.  Provisions for duty remissions exist, from which logging companies have been major beneficiaries, while rarely complying with requirements to use these savings for reforestation or other works at community level
  • Uneven application of the rule of law.  Companies are rarely fined or suspended or face license cancellations despite generally poor (and sometimes illegal) logging practices.  Timber license hearings, required under the Timber Resources Acquisition Process are sometimes held with minimal advance notification, effectively limiting participation.
  • Incomplete enforcement.  Smuggling and misclassification of products result in revenue loss; and therefore over-exploitation compared with actual revenue flows
  • Inaccessibility and cost of legal proceedings, which act as a deterrent to seeking advice and compensation.
  • Weak coordination and cooperation within and among customary ownership groups.   Negotiations with logging companies are often conducted with and by the elite few within a community and little communication about the process with other tribal members; benefits (financial) accrue to only a few individuals and/or lower than expected royalties; .
  • Weak formal governance structures.  A combination of the preceding factors results in “elite capture” of a disproportionate share of total revenues. 

This initial programme will directly contribute to UNDAF Outcome 2: “National and regional governance systems exercise the principles of inclusive good governance, respecting and upholding human rights; and resilient Pacific island communities participate in decision-making at all levels.”  and to UNDAF Outcome 4: “The mainstreaming of environmental sustainability and sustainable energy into regional and national policies, planning frameworks and programmes; and Pacific communities sustainably using their environment, natural resources and cultural heritage.” 

This programme responds to lessons learned from previous UN support to the Solomon Islands, as well as to lessons learned from other UN-REDD country programmes.  The current UNDP CPAP is built on lessons learned from previous cycles of UN support to the Solomon Islands.  Such lessons include the need to:

Build stronger partnerships at the highest levels, including enhanced donor partnerships for improved resource mobilization; and

  • Ensure national commitment to, and ownership of programmes by enhancing involvement of key stakeholders … (UNDP CPAP 2008-2012, page 4)

The Objective of this initial UN-REDD programme is “to establish the necessary institutional and individual capacities required to develop full REDD+ readiness in the Solomon Islands”.  This Objective will be secured through three Outcomes and associated Outputs.  These are:

Outcome 1: REDD+ readiness supported by effective, inclusive and participatory management processes. The initial programme will deliver this Outcome through the following two Outputs:

Output 1.1: A broad-based, multi-stakeholder national REDD+ working group

Output 1.2: Collated and analyzed forest resource data

Outcome 2: REDD+ stakeholders have a comprehensive understanding of the potential benefits and risks associated with REDD+.  The initial programme will deliver this Outcome through the following two Outputs:

Output 2.1: A constituency-based education and awareness raising programme.

Output 2.2: A process to ensure the right of free, prior and informed consent for actions to be undertaken on REDD+

Outcome 3: Preliminary capacity developed for REL formulation and MRV.  This will be achieved through two Outputs:

Output 3.1: REL and MRV capacity assessment

Output 3.2: Assessment of potential for regional cooperation on MRV

For more information on the programmatic and techical aspects of this programme, please see the UN-REDD website.

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Contacts

If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Solomon Islands or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

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