Project Factsheet
Tools for » CHF Som LIVLHD/2011-1/OCHA-NGO
Project ID:00078153Description:CHF Som LIVLHD/2011-1/OCHA-NGO
Fund:
Somalia Humanitarian Fund
Start Date *: 4 Apr 2011
Theme:
Livelihoods
End Date*: 31 Dec 2012
Country: Somalia Project Status: On Going
  Participating Organization:   NGO/OCHA - NGO implementation/OCHA
About

CHF-DMA-0489-077 “Recovery and shock resistance for current drought and former hazardous flood victims through sustained flood prevention, cash for work and crop production assistance in the riverine areas of Jowhar district, Middle Shabelle region, Somalia” - 312,000$

The project target areas are former hazardous floods and currently severe drought affected riverine farmers, agro-pastoralists and IDPs in the Middle Shabelle region. A recent (L)NGO consortium flood survey revealed 4 major river embankment breakages still threatening 72,000 ha of farm land that during Gu 2010 caused crop loss and-or inundated 67 villages and 147,000 people of which 25,000 are IDPs. The floods displaced people, damaged homestead, and destroyed crops, stored grains and productive infrastructure. Besides sustained flood prevention, the project therefore comprises lifesaving activities for IDPs and groups in HE through cash for work activities to rehabilitate productive infrastructure.

The 4 river embankment breakages require a durable technical solution using cash for work and engineering services. This will protect large parts of Jowhar with some spill-over to Balad districts of the Middle Shabelle region. . Ideally these canals are rehabilitated before the Gu 2011 first irrigation requirement by latest end of May. For the river embankment and canal rehabilitation interventions combined 1,627 workers will be recruited to earn at least $150 working 75 days each from late March to mid-May. This amount will provide food access to an average household for about 1 year. The workers will be selected from IDP communities living in the target areas of which at least 50% have malnourished children. Beneficiaries will also be aggregated by gender with at least 30% female participation.                                                                                                                                                                             

 

CHF-DMA-0489-080 “Seed distribution as an emergency livelihood intervention to boost the resilience of the agro-pastoral farmers in Cowpea belt in Galgaduud region, Somalia” – 150,000$

Both Gu and Deyr of 2010 failed in the Cowpea Belt of Central Agro-pastoral Livelihood in Ceelbuur and Ceeldheer districts of Galgaduud region; thus rendering impoverished most of its inhabitants (agro-pastoralists) who depend on livestock rearing and crop production  (cowpea and sorghum) for living. Both arms of their livelihoods (livestock rearing and crop production) failed because of lack of pasture and water to sustain growth and productivity for household consumption and sale at local markets. The dire humanitarian situation affecting the agro-pastoral community in the Cowpea Belt is best captured by FSNAU Post Gu 2010, Technical Report, which states that in the aftermath of failure of Gu 2010, 60,944 people were in crisis (33,000 people in AFLC and 8,000 in HE). Nutrition situation deteriorated from Serious to Critical mainly due to reduced households’ access to food and income following below normal rains and crop failure.

This project is going to stabilize food security and nutrition situation of the target affected communities through the provision of good quality seeds in order agro-pastoral farmers cultivate their farms in Gu 2011 and produce enough food for household consumption as well as for sale in local markets. As shown by its objectives the project will address food security and nutrition problems facing the target agro-pastoral households.

The project is going to distribute 57.5 Metric Tons of Cowpea seeds to 5000 agro-pastoral farmer households in the Cowpea Belt of Central Agro-pastoral in Galgaduud region, at the rate of 11.5 Kgs per household. It is also anticipated that after harvest the crop production (Cowpea) will increase; thus improving the food security of the poor target households and the local community at large. Also fodder from the leaves of the Cowpea will be used to feed livestock; thus improving the body condition, animal productivity and marketability of livestock. Also it is observed that there is no any other humanitarian intervention aiming to cover this humanitarian need.

                                                                                                                                                                                               

CHF-DMA-0489-081 “Life saving and livelihood support project for populations in HE and AFLC in Galgaduud region” – 240,001$

This action targets Galgadud region facing acute drought linked to the prevailing drought exacerbated by La Niña phenomena, with 59% of its rural population falling in humanitarian crisis (FSNAU). Failure of the 2010/11 deyr rains led to sharp increase in prices of cereals in all parts of central Somalia. The body condition of livestock in pastoral areas has deteriorated due to lack of water and pastures, reducing prices of livestock and food access for pastoralists. Reduced food production (cereals, milk and meat), and limited alternative income earning opportunities have reduced food access, particularly affecting women who play a leading role in providing food for their families in the target area. The challenges faced by target groups are exacerbated by ongoing civil conflict and displacement. Malnutrition rates are on increase, with January 2011 survey in Galgaduud indicating GAM rate of 13% which is considered as serious. The SAM rate by MUAC report was 1.7% that is considered critical. In the same region, the proportion of children meeting recommended feeding frequency is only 39.7% while those reporting having consumed less than 4 food groups was a high 48.7%. This action aims to increase access to food, protect productive assets 12,900 persons in humanitarian crisis in the Galgaduud region.                                       

This action provides cash for work that should mainly be used for food and support livestock treatment to protect livelihoods systems and redistribution of livestock to destitute women. The proposed activities are to build on on-going activities as livestock treatment and vaccination activities are ending in May. There the action is expected to strengthen the on-going work by reaching more people.

 

CHF-DMA-0489-090 “Improve livestock hard sizes and livestock productivity for households in HE, AFLC and IDPs in South Mudug region” – 250,000$                         

"The Deyr rainy seasons received in Central Somali were poor and this has resulted to continued deterioration of livestock condition and severe food crisis. The pastoralists and agropastoralists continue to loose their livestock due to lack of pasture and water. On average, all families have lost 60% of their livestock herds to drought.

As a result, livestock prices have fallen against an increase in cereal prices thus further compounding access to food for pastoralists and agro-pastoralists. Further to this, the prediction is that the rains expected in April will be below average and hence chances for recovery of livestock condition face a grim future. The situation in the area has forced people to out migrate to other parts of the country especially towards the North West in search of pasture and water. Those left behind continue to be very vulnerable as they do not have access to livestock and livestock products. As an ARDO we proposing to provide fodder and restocking to these villages in order to fill missing gap and contribute the recovery of the community. ARDO therefore proposes to preserve and strengthen the remaining livestock prior to the rains for breeding purposes and increase their numbers as soon as the rains are received and water and pasture are available.

CHF-DMA-0489-095 “Provide integrated livelihood options to riverine population-PILOR” – 476,742$                                                    

The cumulative effect of multiple shocks including floods, drought and crop failure has depleted livelihood assets and weakened social support systems among the riverine people of Jilib district.  Majority of the communities have little or no access to remittances and therefore unable to cope with these shocks. Against this backdrop of vulnerability, even slight shocks can precipitate a crisis. As a result, the impact of the drought has well exceeded the capacities of the population, necessitating external support. Following a total crop failure during the last Deyr season, livelihood and food insecurity, as well as high malnutrition and associated consequences will continue to persist for months. This project will raise purchasing power of 1270 poor HHs through cash for work and cash relief, provide maize and cow peas to 5000 HHs to restore crop production farming and provide 10 irrigation pumps and 1500 liters of fuel to 400 farmers. Other activities will include provision of fishing hooks and lines to 3000HHs with malnourished children for diversified livelihood options and training of community representatives on disaster preparedness and crop production techniques. Women are the most affected and will constitute 60% of targeted beneficiaries.     

Malnutrition as an indicator of livelihood deterioration is widespread in these areas with a 29.7% GAM and 6.4% SAM. In this situation, the target communities are unable to address the livelihood challenges on their own.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              

CHF-DMA-0489-096 “Emergency Food Relief Response to Vulnerable IDPs in Yaaqshiid, Mogadishu” – 260,000$                            

Following escalating conflict in Mogadishu, the north and other parts of the capital city continue to experience a huge influx of IDPs. The FSNAU brief released on the 15th of February 2011, estimate that there are 1.46 million IDPs in the South and Central Somalia out of whom 910,000 are in crisis. The suffering experienced by the IDPs is exacerbated by the substantial fall in food production caused by the extremely poor performance of the 2010 Deyr rains associated to the La Nina event. This has resulted to escalating prices of water and cereals. The rising cost of living has continued to erode the IDPs purchasing power leading to high malnutrition rates.  According to the FSNAU February 2011 press release, 20% of the IDP population is malnourished with one in every four children facing acute malnutrition and one in every twenty three children facing severe malnutrition.

This project targets to distribute cash grants of $55/month/HH for two months to 2000 most vulnerable households in North Mogadishu to support them to buy food, water and other basics such as medicine. At the end of the project period, the purchasing power of the target people will increase and some of them might be started small business activities for survival of their families and other dependants.

CHF-DMA-0489-097 “Emergency livelihoods intervention for pastoral and Host communities in Galgaduud region” – 332,000$

Failure of the 2010 Deyr rains and the La Nina effect has precipitated acute food and livelihood crisis in Somalia putting at risk lives of over 2.4 million Somalis that were already in humanitarian emergency and experiencing severe food insecurity. Besides poor rainfall performance, protracted conflict also threatens people’s lives similar to the civil insecurity, divergent warring factions, and lack of effective government. In some cases such as Galgaduud, resource-based conflicts have been reported. The most affected livelihoods are agro-pastoralists, pastoralists, conflict-borne IDPs, and very poor urban people who were previously living in acute food and livelihood crisis and in humanitarian emergency conditions.

Even with the interventions from humanitarian agencies assessments reveal that there exist major gaps in access to food, income earning opportunities and basic productive assets for these groups including pastoralists and host communities. Consequently, there is need to improve the purchasing power, cash earning opportunities and productive assets of those most vulnerable. Specifically, there is need to increase per capita livestock holding to replace livestock lost to the ongoing drought, conduct vaccination and treatment of animals, provide pack animals to improve household incomes and rehabilitate roads using the cash for work approach to enhance access to local food and livestock markets. This will also place money in people’s pockets hence increasing their purchasing power.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        CHF-DMA-0489-100 “Emergency Livelihood Support for Central Region (ELSC)” – 421,933$

59% and 44% of the populations in Galgadud and Mudug regions, respectively, are classified by FSNAU as in AFLC or HE. The specific locations selected for the project (areas inhabited by Addun and Hawd pastoralists, including North and South Mudug, Adaado, Abudwak) are hard hit by a combination of drought, insecurity, inflation, high food prices, low herd size, low milk production, and fewer marketable animals. These areas are arid and drought prone, yet support a large number of livestock, predominantly shoats, which constitute the key livelihood means of the local communities, both in pastoral areas and in urban centers where livestock trade and export are the main economic activities.

RI will target populations in Galkayo, Adado and Abudwak districts to increase access to water and fodder and protect animal health. Destitute pastoralists/IDPs will get small business grants to reshape their livelihoods. According to FEWSNET, if drought persists, pre-famine indicators are possible. In this scenario, the proposed livestock redistribution activity will be shifted to emergency destocking to enable pastoralists to have meat to improve nutrition and dietary diversity. An estimated 3,000 animals will be redistributed; if rains fail, a double of this figure will be destocked.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

CHF-DMA-0489-101 “Emergency livelihoods support to most vulnerable conflict affected IDPs in Harmarweyne, Shangani of  Banadir  and Jaziira village. South Central Somalia” – 200,001$

The fighting and prevailing insecurity in Mogadishu coupled with limited access to basic services, lack of opportunities for earning income, less social support, high food prices and frequent displacements has affected many households in Banadir. Levels of debt among the target population is very critical, 82% of the IDPs interviewed consume one meal a day. The situation is worsened by protracted conflict and insufficient income earning opportunities.

A survey carried out in IDP camps along the coastline of Banadir region IDPs and host communities on December 20th to 23rd 2010 identified fishing as a key sector for their livelihood survival which has badly been affected by the on-going war.  The survey which sampled 292HHs revealed that 78% were IDPs while 22% identified themselves as host communities. 87% of the total 292HHs engage in fishing as a means of survival. 65% of children’s nutrition status less than 5 years was found to be awful and exhibit signs to moderate to severe acute malnutrition. The survey noted that 82% of the 146 HHs assessed consume only one meal a day, 10% two and 8% three meals. When asked contributing factor they identified lack of fishing tools, displacement, escalating food prices and general insecurity.          

The distribution of fishing kits among the 2000 fishermen will create significant increase in purchasing power. Contribute a minimum of 40% to the cost of food basket and reduction of debt by 25%. The kits will further enhance the capacities of fishermen to increase the fish catch for consumption and sale. 

CHF-DMA-0489-104 “Livelihood support to vulnerable IDPs and people facing humanitarian emergency in Afgooye Lower Shabelle Region” – 130,000$

The district of Afgooye (L. Shabelle), has a population of Afgooye – 135,000 (2005 UN population figures) a total of 35,000 in crisis of whom 7,000 are in HE and 28,000 in AFLC. Failure of the Deyr seasonal rains linked to the prevailing La Niña phenomenon which is affecting Somalia, has led to a need for humanitarian assistance in the areas.  In Lower Shabelle agro-pastoral and riverine livelihoods zones, the nutrition situation is in critical phase, while among the Afgoye IDPs, the situation remains in a sustained Critical phase. Food access has been constrained by the effects of long-term drought and insecurity. Local cereal prices has increased, sorghum price has increased by 80% while maize by 58%. low agricultural activities, crop failures has deprived poor household labor opportunities. Therefore the purchasing power of the poor HHs has been severely affected. Terms of trade between labor and cereals dropped by 51% when compared to December 2009  (FSNAU Post Deyr Analysis, 2010-2011). Consumer index price trend has drastically changed with 32% inflation.  Returnees, IDPs and the hosts in these areas have overstretched the social support and other coping mechanisms.  With reduced income levels, the communities need support to address these in the medium term.

FERO intends to empower the agro-pastoralist in the 8 locations in Afgoye by creating livelihood support through cash for work in clearing 600 acres, distribute cow peas and maize seed while training the riverine community on DRR techniques.               

Distribution of quality seeds, open up of farms using cash for work approach, training in production techniques and disaster risk reduction will go a long way towards this.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

CHF-DMA-0489-106 “Drought/flood response emergency project for increasing food access and resilience to the most affected households in HE and AFLC in Jamaame District.” – 219,900$

The current nutritional situation among the three livelihoods in Juba regions is Very Critical. Global acute malnutrition rates are currently over 25 percent across all the livelihoods.

For the riverine livelihoods the deterioration is mostly attributable to the extreme cereal harvest failure (90-95% decline) following the poor Deyr rainfall performance. The situation is exacerbated by the fact that this is the second consecutive season of crop failure after Gu 2010 floods that caused significant decline in Gu cereal production and damaged infrastructures including river embankments, roads, primary and secondary irrigation canals, which were already in a poor state from lack of maintenance, usage by heavy commercial trucks and seasonal flooding during previous decade. The impact of the Gu 2010 floods is likely to be felt in future during river crest and rainy seasons.

Within this humanitarian emergency, the Project proposed by Agrosphere intends either to promptly increase the food access of the most drought-affected HHs with malnourished children, either to address the main causes that led to such a severe situation in order to both reduce the exposure to drought and floods of the targeted population and protect their livelihood assets.

The Project will immediately inject cash through Cash for Work activities, in this way the targeted most affected HHs with malnourished children will be provided with an income so to access to the minimum food basket. The Cash for Work has also second purposes: rehabilitating irrigation canals it enables to reactivate the agricultural production and to increase the cropped area under irrigation, thus reducing farmers vulnerability to drought situations; rehabilitating strategic/communal water catchments it enables to reduce the exposure of the population (pastoralists in particular) to drought, thus improving the availability of water to livestock during dry periods; rehabilitating breakages in river banks it enables to reduce the exposure of both the population and the productive assets/infrastructures to floods; rehabilitating roads it enables to improve trade and to reduce prices.

Agrosphere, in partnership with FAO Somalia, is actually starting a project with both agriculture input distribution (maize and vegetable seeds, and fertilizer) and cash for work activities on irrigation infrastructures in Jamama district. The project will complement perfectly the FAO-Agrosphere intervention because will rehabilitate the damaged river embankments in order to protect the production and the assets from other floods, thus improving the flood resilience. Furthermore it will improve the water storing capacity and thus the resilience to drought through the rehabilitation of water pans. It will also allow to rehabilitate those canals that will not be possible to address by the FAO-Agrosphere intervention.

CHF-DMA-0489-107 “Fighting drought in Somalia” – 160,000$

In Mudug drought is the most important natural hazard in terms of impact on lives and livelihoods. Droughts cause a decline in food production, change migratory patterns, exacerbate resource based conflicts, and result in large losses of livestock assets and food insecurity among vulnerable households. The finding of a participatory assessments confirmed that the combination of the failed Deyr rains and poor rangelands management heavily affected the livestock conditions causing a dramatic reduction of the herds size now reported being below baseline (FSNAU). Significant increase of food (cereal price increased by 12-17% last month, FSNAU) and water prices is observed by VSF-G staff operating in the area and it is confirmed by the CPI being 170% higher than the reference period (FSNAU).The price of water has increased in average by 80% in Mudug and is heavily affected by the increased transport costs due to the international increase of oil price. This intervention intends to increase access to food for vulnerable households by protecting their livestock assets through the provision of treatments, by transferring livestock assets and by injecting cash at household level through the rehabilitation of community assets such as water pans, feeder roads, schools and community health centers and others.

VSF-G strategy for Somalia aims to improve the food security status of the Somali population through improvement of livestock production, trade, assets protection and disease control. VSF-G follow a livelihoods approach in which attention is given to pastoralist communities, their destitute and their linkages with other groups.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

CHF-DMA-0489-108 “Emergency support to save the lives of drought affected populations in Galgaduud, Somalia” – 480,000$

Galgaduud regional assessment (covering Adaado, Dhusamreeb, Balanbal and Abudwaq districts) recorded GAM and SAM rates of 12.6% (10.0-15.9) and 1.5% (0.8-2.9) respectively indicating a serious nutrition situation. In the South, the situation deteriorated drastically with GAM rates reaching up to 30%, as reported by FSNAU who just recently released the results from 6 nutrition surveys conducted in December in Gedo region and in Lower Juba.

People primarily need access to food particularly during the peak of the ongoing dry season. The immediate priority will be put on stabilizing access to food for the most vulnerable HH in the 3 areas of operation during the peak of the dry season.  This will be done through direct support in form of food vouchers in Afmadow and Adaado-Abudwak areas to provide expediency and quick impact, while Food for Work methodology will be followed in Bardera area to ensure consistency with the ongoing program and avoid double implementation standards in this program area. A small cash relief shall also be included to support a total of 300 female-headed IPDs HH particularly vulnerable. People also need support in re-starting their production activities.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

 

CHF-DMA-0489-109 “Emergency food security and livelihoods support to women and children in vulnerable households in Southern Somalia (Hiraan)” – 390,000$

This project is targeted at Hiran (Access to Food), severely impacted by the current La Niña drought. FSNAU shows 32% of all Somalis are in HE, 75% of Hiran’s rural population are in AFLC/HE, La Niña impacts food security by: prolonged drought (less food, child malnutrition-1/4 MAM, 1/23 SAM in SC), less casual work/wages); increasing food prices; poor livestock conditions, disease as animals migrate to water sources (also separating families) and lower prices (ie pastoralists income); stress on poverty-affected HHs’ income from accumulated debt; recurring conflict (displacement, economic disruption). Numbers of food insecure people will continue to rise in 2011 and vulnerable HHs will continue negative coping strategies to survive.

People in all LVH zones are suffering from long-term poor rains and their capacity to withstand the current crisis during the dry season is very limited. In Hiran, emergency food security intervention will protect child nutrition in vulnerable HHs. Save the Children UK has worked for 18 years in Hiran and has extensive experience in the area.                                                                                                                        

The project aims to provide cash grants and support to 2025 vulnerable households (12,150 people) with malnourished and nutritionally at-risk children (girls and boys), giving them access to basic LVH asset protection.

 

CHF-DMA-0489-121 “Sool Plateau livelihood support project” – 392,821$                                                                                                             

Sanaag region is a drought prone pastoral livelihood zone, which has experienced several years of prolonged droughts mainly due to consecutive failed rainy seasons. A post Deyr 2010/11 assessment done by the Food Security and Nutritional Analysis unit (FSNAU) indicates that Sanaag is facing a severe water shortage following the failure of the short rains. Given pastoralist reliance on livestock for food (meat and milk), it follows that most of the HHs will have no access to milk and meat, worsening their nutritional status. This is compounded by a significant increase in the prices of staple foods. Most respondent indicated that they are unable to repay debts, depriving them of a key coping mechanism during drought.

CARE proposes to use cash relief and cash for work to address the current emergency situation. This will enable beneficiaries to increase their purchasing power to access water, food and repay debts incurred, restoring coping mechanisms.                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

CHF-DMA-0489-128 “North emergency livelihood intervention in Sanaag” – 546,851.69$                                                                                                            

"The failure of the Deyr rains has affected the livelihoods of the Somalis heavily reliant on livestock production. Herders are culling the kids and calves to save the mother, and milk production has significantly reduced or stopped in some cases. Body conditions of camel and goats continue to deteriorate rapidly with the persistence of the drought. The failure of the short rain season in 2010 dwindled water sources in most areas, leading to crop failure and subsequent increase in prices of water and basic food and a deepening food security crisis in the northeastern livelihoods especially Sool Plateau.

In line with all the 3 strategic objectives of the CHAP 2011; this project will enhance and protect livelihoods of 900 targeted poor pastoral households affected by the droughts, and own collectively 36, 000 heads of sheep and goats (maximum of 40 shoats per beneficiary). The project aims to improve access to human and animal basic needs of food and water in Sanaag region Somalia.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

CHF-DMA-0489-131 “Livelihood support to riverine households in Belet Weyne district to increase their crop production” – 124,750$                                                                                                          

Belet Weyne district floods in May 2010 destroyed farmland. SAMRADO Assessment Report, in Belet Weyne, about 5,940 people were in AFLC and about 12,060 people were in HE. The riverine communities’ livelihoods depend on crops that were failed. The prices of the stable food such as cowpeas and local cereals of Maize and Sorghum increased. SAMRADO is proposing to conduct three months Flood and drought response project to address three major needs. First, the project will meet seed distribution. It will help the communities to increasing crop production and improving the existing community asset base.

 The activities that are proposed to tackle and address the priority needs are: Distribution of seeds -10kg of maize, 4 Kg of cowpea, 6 kg of sesame per family. The targeted beneficiaries are families who are not able to purchase the essential seeds due to high prices and lack of income. The requested seeds will plant 5,860Ha, Maize, 1,660 Ha, Cow pea 1,200Ha and  Sesame 3,000Ha, 3,000 families will benefit by the project.          

CHF-DMA-0489-147 “Livelihood rehabilitation for pastoral communities in Galdogob District in Mudug Region”- 269,970$

Prolonged drought, conflicts and destitution has impaired the livelihood conditions of rural pastoralists in Galdogob leaving thousands of people in difficult humanitarian conditions. FSNAU has reported that an estimated 10,000 rural pastoralists in Galdogon, North Mudug are in HE or AFLC. Malnutrition rate is also still critical in Mudug pastoralists those worst affected.

An assessment conducted by Access-Aid indicated 16,000 persons of the poor households face difficulties in accessing food, water and other needs. Households started employing ruinous coping mechanism such selling livestock at throw away prices and borrowing food. The poor live with less half a dollar a day. Coping mechanisms are exhausted as the drought prolongs. There is hardly any income earning opportunities except for a few who migrated to the urban town of Galdogob. Loss of income is attributed to decimation of livestock production and poor market performance. Women, girls and children are worst affected by the drought. The situation is further worsened by the increased food prices.

The situation is further aggravated by the poor presence of aid agencies in Galdogob. Response to the drought has been inadequate. In order to avert further depletion of assets, it is essential to enhance the purchasing capacity of the poor through creation of job opportunities renovating productive assets. The main aim of the project is to boost the purchasing power of the most vulnerable pastoral households in order to enable them cope with the drought, the increasing prices of basic foods and other livelihood hazards posed by the drought, The project also gives consideration to labor poor households through the provision of unconditional cash to enable them access food, water and the other basic household needs.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              

CHF-DMA-0489-150 “Enhanced livelihoods and food security to conflict- and disaster-affected communities in Sanaag” – 200,343$

The water supply situation in northern Somalia is very poor, particularly in rural areas where women and children cover long distances in the dry season to collect water for domestic and livestock use. Surface water resources are generally scarce because of its dependency on seasonal climatic variations that leave traditional surface water storage facilities either partially filled or empty. Hence, groundwater is the main source of water. Knowledge of groundwater resources is essential for strategic long-term planning.

This project is expected to address these and other issues. The information generated by the project is expected to benefit WASH agencies to locate areas of potential groundwater resources that can be used in development of sustainable water sources for the communities. The information is also expected to help indirectly more than four million people in Somaliland and Puntland, the majority of them are women and girls.

CHF-DMA-0489-155 “Emergency livelihoods support to vulnerable riverine households affected by climatic shocks in Middle Juba Region, Southern Somalia”- 350,000$

The riverine communities of the Juba River have been in a state of humanitarian emergency as for 2010 Gu season; while the agro-pastoral communities of Middle Juba region are currently in acute food and livelihood crisis with high risk of deterioration to humanitarian emergency. This failed Deyr season which comes after large scale flooding in late 2009 and May 2010 that dramatically damaged riverine crops has induced high inflation of basic food prices; hence high competition over available food items and alternative livelihood opportunities. Agro-pastoral communities massively move towards riverine areas in search of daily labor that riverine farmers cannot offer. These repeated climatic shocks combined with a lack of social safety nets have placed severe strain on coping mechanisms.                                                                                                                         

Despite good off-season harvests in September 2010, the riverine communities remain in a situation of humanitarian emergency as: a) their recovery process has been hampered by recurrent climatic shocks; b) gains from the September harvests were used either in debt repayment or as food; c) the consecutive climatic shocks have led to reduced stocks of grain at the farm level making it difficult for farmers to maintain and renew their pool of seeds for planting; d) riverine farmers now cut crops such as cowpeas before maturation so as to sell fodder to agro-pastoral households; hence undermining agricultural production and access to food. 

ACTED and implementing partner SADO Organization (SADO) have established a strong partnership over the previous 3 years as seen in the successful implementation of two food security and WASH projects in Middle Juba and Gedo regions. In response to the failed Deyr season and the situation of humanitarian emergency in Middle Juba region, ACTED/SADO will soon start a large-scale food aid and livelihood project aimed at improving food security and strengthening livelihoods across Sakow District in agro-pastoral and riverine livelihood zones. ACTED/SADO had planned in their CAP project to provide access to cash for the target populations through a Cash for Work program. The current project will focus on the livelihood component of their CAP project to provide support to as many vulnerable households as possible and improve preparedness to the upcoming rains.  

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