Project Factsheet
Tools for » Programme to Support the REDD+ Process - Republic of Congo
Project ID 00082262 Description UN-REDD CONGO
Fund
UN REDD Programme Fund
Start Date *: 21 Nov 2012
Theme
UN_REDD
Project status Operationally Closed
Country Congo Participating Organization   Multiple
About

The Republic of the Congo's R-PP was first approved by the FCPF Participants Committee in 2010 and ratified in 2011 following improvements, with funding of US$ 3.4 million (about 1.7 billion CFA francs). The implementation of R-PP activities financed by the FCPF is beginning in early 2012. In 2011, the UN-REDD Programme's Policy Board recognized the country as a priority African country, and then invited the Republic of the Congo to submit a technical and financial proposal that would boost R-PP implementation and provide co-financing, in line with the initial support of the FCPF and the Government.

The Programme to support the REDD+ process, submitted to the UN-REDD Programme for financial support, is part of the national REDD+ process that enables the country to be ready to implement its national REDD+ strategy from 2015, in the context of a green development path. The expected outcome of UN-REDD support is to help build national capacity for organization, knowledge exchange, strategies, analysis and technical assistance contributing to the REDD+ mechanism. The Programme is built around four operational components (as provided by the FCPF / UN-REDD Common Approach, as well as the country's R-PP), aiming to achieve three outcomes: the national REDD+ process is well managed and fully participatory (component 1); the country is ready for the implementation of structural reforms and REDD+ investments, taking into account safeguards (components 2 & 3); and a comprehensive system for information and monitoring of REDD+ is functioning (component 4).

Support on component 1 (organization and consultation) will reinforce the quality of CN-REDD work, in particular by making an international technical advisor available to supply high-level assistance in management, strategic counsel and leveraging funds for the REDD+ process, underpinning the efficient management of the UN-REDD support programme according to UN best practices. Furthermore, the UN-REDD Programme will support a REDD+ decentralisation by creating three departmental units and through financing for decentralised debate and knowledge exchange on REDD+ issues (at the departmental and local levels). UN-REDD will also fund information, education and communication (IEC) on REDD+, as well as campaigns for technical consultation and exchange of ideas among the stakeholders.

Contribution to component 2 (preparation of national REDD+ strategy) will be decisive for achieving the goals of the readiness phase; UN-REDD will focus on the seven areas below:

  • Preliminary analyses, in particular those not covered by FCPF financing, especially regarding governance.
  • Contribution to the analysis and consultation of REDD+ strategic options, in particular through financing and steering of a prospective study on REDD+ potential and through the organization of consultations by key themes and by core sectors.
  • Support for the consolidation and adoption of the national REDD+ strategy, including high-level policy debates, support for crafting national consensus in the essence of REDD+, and preparation of investments for REDD+. 
  • Provision of technical support and advice for designing and accompanying local REDD+ experimental initiatives (pilot projects), as well as a programme of grant competition offering small subsidies to community initiatives and "REDD+ entrepreneurs" (which seeks to reward local and innovative REDD+ business plans). Lessons learned from these experiments will be compiled and will serve to refine the national REDD+ strategy.
  • Specialised support for the implementation framework of REDD+, focusing on: participatory analysis of options and rules for REDD+ income sharing; the development of a governance system for the REDD+ Fund; and a study on economic incentives for REDD+.
  • Establishment of a national registry of REDD+ projects and initiatives, with procedures for accreditation, which shall serve as a central pillar of the REDD+ implementation framework.
  • Support for participatory development of social and environmental safeguards for REDD+, in accordance with international agreements under the UNFCCC (in particular the Cancun Agreements), using the UN-REDD Programme's Social and Environmental Principles and Criteria (SEPC) and related tools, and in line with the work carried out by the FCPF on SESA.

Component 3 (Reference Level) concerns the definition of Reference Levels / Reference Emissions Levels (RL/REL). The RL and REL are used to define probable future impacts in terms of emissions and absorption of greenhouse gases, examining anthropogenic activities that affect the forest in the absence of any specific REDD+ programme. Definition of RL/REL in the Republic of the Congo will be based in part on determination of the historic impact of the anthropogenic activities under consideration, and may take into account other variables, if the work undertaken by the IIASA and World Bank partners is pertinent to the period in question. The UN-REDD Programme will essentially supply assistance for local understanding and ownership of the issues.

Component 4 (monitoring and MRV system and multiple benefits) seeks to establish a comprehensive framework for monitoring the various aspects of REDD+. This framework will include, first of all, a system for observing forest ecosystem dynamics and in particular the effects on carbon flows. The goal is to develop an effective system for Measurement, Reporting, Verification and Monitoring (MRV&M) for these carbon flows. The system should allow for estimations of the impact of anthropogenic activity from forestry in terms of greenhouse gas emissions and absorption, at regular intervals (yearly). These results will be compared to the RL/REL in order to measure the effectiveness of each of the REDD+ activities and measures set up on the national level. In this context, UN-REDD support will bear on the establishment of (i) the National Forest Inventory and its value in terms of carbon stored in the forests; (ii) Monitoring of Changes in Forest Cover through analysis of satellite imagery in order to identify forest surfaces and change in forest cover caused by anthropogenic activity; (iii) the Greenhouse Gas Inventory to measure the impact of certain human activities on the climate; (iv) the Monitoring System to compile, keep and share all of the useful information produced through REDD+ by way of an online portal; and finally (v) the management of a process that seeks to ensure national ownership, reliability, transparency and external oversight of all of the operations listed above, in line with the rules of the UNFCCC. REDD+ global monitoring framework in the Republic of the Congo will also include a monitoring system for aspects beyond carbon of REDD+: multiple benefits (social and environmental), as well as the monitoring of REDD+ governance and financial flows, and of social and environmental risks. Preliminary work of quantification, spatialisation and valorisation of REDD+ multiple benefits will be undertaken, as well as specific support for the set up and operation of a specific task force for monitoring other REDD+ benefits and risks (in this regard, the task force shall be considered a precursor to the National Environment Agency, which is mentioned in the R-PP but has not yet been created), and support for the creation of the independent REDD+ Observatory that will guarantee independent and participatory oversight of the monitoring system.

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Contacts

If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Congo or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

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