Project Factsheet
Tools for » UN REDD Bangladesh National Programme
Project ID:00090410Description:UN-REDD BANGLADESH
Fund:
UN REDD Programme Fund
Start Date *: 23 Jun 2015
Theme:
UN_REDD
End Date*: 30 Jun 2019
Country: Bangladesh Project Status: On Going
  Participating Organization:   Multiple
About

Description: 

Bangladesh is already one of the most climate-vulnerable countries in the world. Climate change and variability have had an impact on the lives and livelihoods of people living in coastal areas and in arid and semi-arid regions of Bangladesh. Floods, tropical cyclones, storm surges and droughts are becoming more frequent and are set to become even more severe in the coming years and decades. These changes are threatening the significant achievements Bangladesh has made over the last 20 years in increasing incomes, reducing poverty and achieving self-sufficiency in rice production. For these reasons, by many accounts, Bangladesh is considered to be the country the most vulnerable to climate change. 

As a signatory to both the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC, ratified in 1994) and the Kyoto Protocol (2001), Bangladesh is also fully aware of the causes of climate change. According to the most recent national GHG inventory, the majority of Bangladesh’s CO2 emissions are derived from the energy sector, followed by the land-use, land-use change and forestry sector - with 32%. Hence, whilst devoting considerable resources to reducing vulnerability to climate change, and maintaining its path of economic development, Bangladesh is also striving to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

The Conference of the Parties (COP) to the UNFCCC has adopted a forestry GHG emission mitigation mechanism known as “REDD+”. This is defined as ‘Policy approaches and positive incentives on issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries, and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries’. REDD+ will provide positive incentives to developing countries to voluntarily reduce their rates of deforestation and forest degradation, and to increase their forest carbon stocks, as part of a post-2020 global climate change agreement. 

As part of its long term strategies to reduce GHG emissions, the Government of Bangladesh has taken initial steps to prepare for the implementation of REDD+ activities. It has established the national REDD+ Steering Committee. It has prepared the REDD+ Readiness Roadmap - endorsed by the REDD+ Steering Committee in December 2012. Subsequently, in June 2013, the UN-REDD Programme invited Bangladesh to submit a REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP). 

Bangladesh has 2.6 million hectares of forestland, equivalent to almost 18% of country’s total area. There are five broad types of forest according to ecology and geographical location, these are: hill forest, plains forest (dominated by Shorearobusta, or sal), mangrove, coastal plantations, and wetland forest. The Government’s Forest Department manages 1.6 million hectares of the forest land. According to a national forest resource assessment undertaken in 2010, 11% of the country’s land is under tree cover. However, another 20% - that is approximately 2.5 million hectares - is recorded as ‘other wooded land’ or ‘other land with trees’. Hence, there is potentially an important scope for REDD+ activities in Bangladesh. 

The history of forestry in Bangladesh is one of continuous depletion of forest resources both in terms of area and quality. Traditionally, plantations and forest reservations have been the tools to combat this depletion. However, increasingly since the early 1980s, forestry in Bangladesh has witnessed a rapid succession of social forestry programmes in an attempt to redress public alienation and to allow for wider participation of local people in forest use and management. 

The Government of Bangladesh will engage a broad range of non-government stakeholders in the REDD+ process. To achieve this, the REDD+ Stakeholders’ Forum will be established. This Forum will be a mechanism for stakeholder consultation and engagement both within the non-government sector, and between the non-government sector and government. The Forum will nominate representatives to sit on the National REDD+ Steering Committee. The Forum will include representatives from the private sector, civil society, media, government organizations, community-based organizations, local and international NGOs, donors, academia, research organizations, and all stakeholders interested in climate change and the REDD+ process. 

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Contacts

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