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Project ID 00100046 Description SOM-15/3485/SA1/EP/INGO/2324
Fund
Somalia Humanitarian Fund
Start Date *: 13 Apr 2016
Theme
Enabling Programming
Project status Operationally Closed
Country Somalia Participating Organization   NGO/OCHA - NGO implementation/OCHA
About

Project Summary : Somalia remains the focus of a complex humanitarian emergency, where on-going armed violence intersects to brutal effect with chronic poverty, long-term problems of weak governance and underinvestment in basic services, together with consequences of climate change in a fragile, semi-arid environment. More than 250,000 Somali people died as a result of famine and food insecurity between October 2010 and April 2012, half of them children below the age of five. Currently, an estimated 4.9 million Somali people require humanitarian assistance. This situation is likely to deteriorate further in the coming months with the flooding and further displacement from heavy El Niño rains. Already, over two million Somali people have been displaced, one million of them in neighbouring countries where their presence as refugees has been linked to security concerns. In the Kenyan context this has been met with robust efforts from the host government to push for their early return to Somalia. Local and International NGOs remain the primary providers of humanitarian and development assistance. However, access to those in need continues to be impeded by a range of factors, including direct threats to the safety of agency staff, the banning of organisations from certain insurgent-held areas, weak governance in large areas of Somalia, politicisation of assistance, rent-seeking and efforts to divert resources by a wide range of parties. Remote models of programme management, while necessary, complicate understanding of operating conditions, humanitarian need and implementation methods, and weaken monitoring and evaluation of aid programmes. With the end of the first term of the FGS in 2016, political uncertainty, power struggles and potential turnover of key actors may further strain these complex relationships. While Somali NGOs have greater access to populations in need, their capacity to deliver large scale interventions and meet donor requirements is limited. Though, there is an opportunity for better engagement with the FGS, International donors and the UN, to ensure coherence between humanitarian interventions and longer-term development strategies and greater ownership and governance by Somali institutions and communities. Despite all efforts to support the FGS in supporting Somalis and tending to their humanitarian needs, there is still tension between the need of new government structures to build confidence and demonstrate relevance, and NGOs operational requirements for independence in an insecure and unstable environment. Currently, the consortium is the primary NGO coordination mechanism with a membership of national and international NGOs working in all parts of Somalia (Somaliland, Puntland and South Central), where it represents its members to governments, UN agencies, donor groups and multilateral organisations at local, national, and international levels. Additionally, the Consortium continues to improve aid coordination and raise the presence and profile of NGO representation within the coordination structures in Somalia. The Consortium has grown as an effective network, actively supporting its members to promote dialogue, collaboration, learning experiences, information exchange and to advocate on issues of key concern thereby enhancing coordinated humanitarian aid assistance to populations in need. Additionally, the Enabling Program substantiates strengthening of coordination to support delivery of humanitarian aid to ensure equal access for women, girls, boys and men. Thus, effective strategic and operational level coordination structures to further enhance strong participation of NGOs in existing coordination fora.

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Contacts

If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Somalia or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

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