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Project ID 00101934 Description UNA048 UNDPA/UNAMI IRAQ
Fund
UN Action Agst Sexual Violence
Start Date *: 9 Sep 2016
Theme
UN Action Against Sexual Viole
Project status On Going
Country United Nations Participating Organization   UNDPA - UN Dept of Political Affairs
About

This proposal seeks funding for the deployment of a Senior Women Protection Advisor in UNAMI to be located in the Office of the SRSG over a period of one year.

Conflict-Related Sexual Violence in Iraq

Following its seizure of Mosul and surrounding areas in June 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) instituted a pattern of sexual violence, slavery, abduction and human trafficking mainly targeting women and girls from minority communities. Eyewitness accounts gathered by UNAMI/OHCHR and investigations[1] conducted by an OHCHR special investigation mission in Iraq from December 2014 to February 2015, as well as discussions conducted with women and girls who escaped ISIL captivity by the Special Representative of the Secretary General for Sexual Violence in Conflict, Zainab Hawa Bangura, from 26 to 29 April 2015, indicate clear patterns of sexual violence against women by ISIL as a deliberate tactic of war to advance key strategic priorities[2]. These strategic priorities includes recruitment, fundraising (through the sale of women and girls in slave markets, the payment of ransoms by their families, and the transfer of women among groups); to enforce discipline and order through the punishment of dissenters or family members; and to advance their radical ideology[3]. UNAMI/OHCHR continued to receive reports that civilians in ISIL captivity were subjected to harrowing acts of sexual and physical violence. [4] Incidents of CRSV perpetrated by ISIL continue to be reported and occur alongside other forms of human rights violations.

With a view to ensuring a strengthened response to CRSV, preliminary discussions were held by UNAMI with potential donors to explore the possibility of supporting the recruitment of a  Senior Women Protection Advisor (SWPA) and one national staff with CRSV expertise. The deployment of a SWPA, recommended in the 2015 annual report of the Secretary General on Conflict-Related Sexual Violence , will support the establishment of the Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Arrangements (MARA), strengthen coordination between UN and government partners in responding to the needs survivors of sexual violence and engage with the Government with a view to securing specific CRSV-related commitments.

 

Senior Women Protection Advisor and MARA

The deployment of Women Protection Advisers (WPAs) in peacekeeping missions is called for in SCR 1888 (OP 12) and 1960 (OP10). WPAs’ terms of reference  were jointly drafted by the Department of Political Affairs (DPA), the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO), the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the Office of the Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict (OSRSG/SVC). The implementation of the CRSV mandate in peacekeeping missions requires a three-pronged approach in order to strengthen the work of the human rights and gender components in addressing CRSV, including mainstreaming CRSV considerations in UN policies, planning, operations and training and building the capacity of mission components to address CRSV, establishing monitoring, analysis and reporting arrangements (MARA) on CRSV and regular reporting in collaboration with members of the UNCT and strengthening coordination between the Mission , the UNCT, the government and other partners.

Within UNAMI, the SWPA will be located in the office of the SRSG in Erbil and will work closely with the Gender Unit and the Human Rights Office.

 


[1] In-depth interviews were conducted with over 100 victims and witnesses.

[2] UNAMI/HRO PoC report of 11 December 2014 to 30 April 2015

[3] Ibid

[4] Ibid

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