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JP DIRC in Cambodia- Reports
The Disability Rights Initiative Cambodia (DRIC) is the joint United Nations – AusAID program, which aims at. improving quality of life for people with disability” in Cambodia. This is an aspirational goal which will not be fully achieved within the life of the program, given the limited resources available in relation to the scale of the problem. Nonetheless, achievement of the end-of-program outcome: People with disability have increased opportunities for participation in social, economic, cultural and political life through effective implementation of the National Disability Strategic Plan (NDSP)”) - will contribute to improved quality of life for people with disability.
The program has been designed with four components, each of which will contribute to achievement of the end-of-program outcome. The components, their specific end-of-program outcomes and component descriptions are available in the Joint Programme Document:
The program is well placed to take advantage of a number of strategic opportunities. The principal opportunity is Cambodia’s recent ratification (2012) of the CRPD which reflects an increased political commitment to people with disability. The RGC is conscious of the need to demonstrate real gains against its reporting obligations under the Convention and is actively requesting international assistance. The Government’s recent decision to elevate the status of the DAC to a General Secretariat provides the opportunity for the development of a feasible and inclusive whole-of-government NDSP and for DAC to build its capacity to play a leading role in effective coordination of NDSP implementation. Similarly, the relatively recent establishment of the Persons with Disabilities Foundation (PWDF) provides an opportunity for much needed rehabilitation sector systems strengthening, against the backdrop of the on-going withdrawal of the substantial support provided by INGOs.
Internationally, there is good evidence that progress in improving the lives of people with disability is often driven by effective advocacy by strong DPOs. The ratification of the CRPD provides Cambodian DPOs with new advocacy opportunities. The CDPO has been able to increase its capacity with previous AusAID and other donor support and is developing a new strategic plan. This new Joint UN - AusAID program is well placed to assist the CDPO to build on its capacity to take advantage of current and emerging opportunities.
The subnational level of work under Component 4, recognises the importance of working at the local level where a real difference can be made to the lives of people with disability. This component aims to put disability, (i.e., the RGC’s commitments under the CRPD), on the agenda of subnational decision makers and leverage opportunities arising from the priority accorded to decentralization by the Government.
Support for Government will be better resourced to allow a significantly greater level of dialogue on strategic directions and policy and, most importantly, how to make commitments real through effective implementation. The program will also promote greater collaboration between government and civil society at national and subnational levels.
The program contains a deliberate mixture of systems strengthening initiatives in relation to MoSVY/DAC, DPOs, rehabilitation, subnational governance and community development, coupled with direct financial support for service delivery through the rehabilitation grants (focused on PRCs) and community based rehabilitation (CBR). This dual track approach is central to the program’s strategy.
The program represents a synergistic combination of work at national and subnational levels. While Component 1 will primarily have a national focus, this will be complemented by the work with subnational decision makers in Component 4. Lessons learned at the subnational level will be fed back to national decision makers to promote replication of good practice on a wider scale. There will be a substantial engagement with DPOs at both national and subnational levels through individual DPOs and the CDPO, with mutual benefits. Rehabilitation sector system strengthening will address both national and subnational systems, while financial support for rehabilitation services will occur at the subnational level.
The program is designed to make a significant contribution to reducing stigma and discrimination against people with disability by increasing the capacity of key government and civil society disability-specific institutions to implement the NDSP; by addressing physical, institutional, communication and other barriers; and by promoting development processes to be more inclusive of people with disability.
Governance, management arrangements
The program will be governed by a Program Board. Membership of the Program Board will be two RGC representatives (one to be nominated by MoSVY and one by MoH); a senior representative of AusAID; the UN Resident Coordinator and the Heads of the three participating UN agencies (UNDP, UNICEF and WHO) or their senior nominees; and two representatives of people with disability. The Program Board will be jointly chaired by the UN Resident Coordinator and the MoSVY representative.
The Program Board will meet at least twice a year and will:
Program management and coordination
Technical Review Committee
The Technical Review Committee (TRC) will provide regular technical oversight of the program and will be chaired on an annually rotating basis by a representative from a participating UN agency (UNICEF, UNDP, WHO) at deputy level or equivalent. The TRC will meet quarterly in order to review progress in the last quarter and plan coordination of upcoming work. In addition the TRC will:
Program Coordination Team
The Program Coordinator will be supervised by the Chair of the TRC and contracted by UNDP for the entirety of the program. The Program coordinator will supervise the Program Coordination Team. The key responsibilities of the PCT will be:
Participating Organizations are required to submit final year-end expenditures by April 30 in the following year; Interim expenditure figures are submitted on a voluntary basis and therefore current year figures are not final until the year-end expenditures have been submitted.
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