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A results-oriented collaborative programme jointly developed by the Ministry of Regional Development and Akimat of Kyzylorda region, and six UN Agencies - UNDP, UNICEF, UNESCO, UNFPA, UN Women and WHO - to improve the wellbeing and quality of life in the Kyzylorda region through innovative approaches to delivering economic, social and environmental services to the local population, particularly for the most vulnerable. The Joint Programme takes into account the situation analysis of the region and results of the previous programmes and activities. Other elements of the programme rely on the priorities of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for the Republic of Kazakhstan 2010-2015, as well as on the priorities of key national strategic documents, such as “Kazakhstan – 2050” and is in line with the mission of the Ministry of Regional Development: creation of the favorable conditions for the livelihood of the country’s population via dynamic regions’ development.
The Aral Sea, located on the border of Kazakhstan (Kyzylorda region) and Uzbekistan, was once the fourth-largest lake in the world, but in the early 2000s it has shrunk to a quarter of its original size. This shrinkage and widespread pollution have led to grave health problems affecting millions of people and economic decline in the region. The Aral Sea disaster and ecological crisis in the region has caused huge economic losses, affecting the living standards and health of the population in Kyzylorda region and in the Aral Sea basin as a whole. The socially vulnerable groups (women and children) were the first to be affected by the ecological disaster.
Over the last years UN Agencies have not prioritized the Kyzylorda Oblast for their interventions; the fact that other international donors have focused their attention on the Aral Sea and its critical environmental situation (WB, ADB) diverted UN activities to other regions in Kazakhstan, namely East Kazakhstan where there are also serious environmental and poverty problems. Nevertheless, some small scale projects were implemented by UN agencies from 1995 to 2004, addressing the problems of women and children associated with the Aral Sea crisis, gender mainstreaming in decision making, mobilization of local communities in water and land management, family planning and prevention of abortions. The region is also benefiting from the current activities of the UN agencies at the national level related to policy advocacy in health, social and environmental issues. The Programme will also take into account the work of other agencies (EU, OSCE, WB) implementing in the region.
The Programme is targeted to improve the quality of life of the population, and advance progress towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals in Kyzylorda region, in particular in the districts affected by the Aral Sea crisis. The proposed joint programme will address the following three areas:
− Diversified economic development of the region through capacitating local government to plan for diversified and balanced economic growth and for the increase of the efficiency of state policy on the formation of the economic growth focal points, support to the local development system and small businesses;
− Reduction of inequities and disparities in social well-being and health by capacitating local authorities and civil society in addressing the negative social gradients, increase of employment opportunities and ensure availability and improved access to quality health, justice, education and social services for the vulnerable families, their children and vulnerable population groups;
− Formation and application of sustainable development practices in response to current problems caused by climate change, natural and man-made acts, including the energy efficiency issues in housing sector and sustainable eco-management.
In view of the lessons learned from the implementation and evaluation of the previous programmes, the programme will place special emphasis on sustainability of results through awareness-raising of all parties involved on accountability for the results (legislative bodies, relevant UN Agencies, head of institutions and specialists). The programme partners will work jointly through co-financing and monitoring the efficiency of resource management. Independent evaluation of the programme impact on key indicators of economic, social and environmental development in the region will be undertaken to monitor programme progress and implementation of the partners’ commitment.
Participating Organizations are required to submit final year-end expenditures by April 30 in the following year; Interim expenditure figures are submitted on a voluntary basis and therefore current year figures are not final until the year-end expenditures have been submitted.
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Multi-Partner Trust Fund Office, Bureau of Management, United Nations Development Programme; Fax: +1 212 906 6990