Project Factsheet
Tools for » China Climate Change Partnership Framework
Project ID 00067144 Description MDGF-1654-E-CHN Climate Chang
Fund
MDG Achievement Fund
Start Date *: 2 Oct 2007
Theme
MDGF Environ Climate Chg
Project status Financially Closed
Country China Participating Organization   Multiple
About

Overview:

Climate change presents a challenge to the achievement of the MDGs and sustaining the hard won gains of developing countries. Global climate change threatens the environment, the health, and the livelihood of the entire planet and its negative impacts will be most evident in the areas of water resources, human health, agricultural sustainability, natural ecosystems, and frequency and scale of natural disasters. These are all areas in which developing countries, and especially their poorer inhabitants, are particularly vulnerable. Given implications for development, environment, and poverty alleviation, climate change mitigation and adaptation have now become primary challenges.

China is a critical arena for addressing climate change, because:

  • it is the country with the largest overall national greenhouse gas emissions,
  • has an extremely large population and
  • its CO2 emissions growth is greater than any other nation.

Given the evidence that human emissions of greenhouse gases are causing climate change and the implications for the future of development, China’s rapidly growing emissions have profound implications worldwide. In addition to this, with per capita water availability already a quarter of the world's average, and with half the country experiencing significant land
degradation issues, it is now clear that additional pressures could constrain the ability of China to sustain its own poverty reduction achievements as well as catalysing a reversal of progress in certain areas. However, given its rapid development and massive ongoing investments in new, and basic, infrastructure, China has a key opportunity to avoid and reduce future emissions.

The outcomes of the Joint Programme were:

Outcome 1:  Mainstreaming of climate change mitigation and adaptation into national and sub-national policies, planning and investment frameworks

Outcome 2:  Establishment of innovative partnerships and dissemination of technologies to mitigate climate change and increase local access to sustainable energy

Outcome 3: Accelerated Action by China in assessing vulnerability to climate change and developing adaptation plans and mechanisms

 

Outcome 1:

Mainstreaming of climate change mitigation and adaptation into national and sub-national policies, planning and investment frameworks

Outcome achievements:

Output 1.1 Improved policies and partnerships at national level to mainstream climate change mitigation and adaptation into policy frameworks:

  • Assistance has been provided to China in formulating its position over the future post-2012 international negotiation process on climate change and the climate change regime. Studies on topics such as MRV, technology transfer, the carbon budget etc. have been shared at UNFCCC Conferences of Parties;
  • A Global Climate Change Centre to serve as an international hub for best practices and South-South cooperation on mitigation and adaptation is being established at NDRC;
  • The Rural Task Force on Climate Change, Environment and Rural Development was established, research conducted and policy recommendations presented at the 2009 CCICED annual meeting;
  • Assistance has been provided to the Government of China in developing the Basic Energy Law.

Output 1.2: UN-business partnerships and new ‘green’ financing mechanisms to mainstream climate change and energy into investment frameworks and business practices:

  • A UN-Business Compact on Climate Change between multinationals and local companies in China was created to share best practices and explore strategic partnerships;
  • A series of climate change-friendly products have been developed for private enterprises;
  • A Green Business Options programme has been developed which provides participants a skill set to explore green business opportunities;
  • 500 participants including students, graduates, former servicemen, village officers, unemployed, farmers and migrant rural workers in 11 provinces were trained in GBOs.

 

Outcome 2:

Establishment of innovative partnerships and dissemination of technologies to mitigate climate change and increase local access to sustainable energy

Outcome achievements:

Output 2.1: Development and dissemination at the local level of innovative models for energy efficiency:

  • Demonstrations of clean coal technology were conducted in 10 enterprises, including three of China’s major coal companies. Results were shared with 500 other companies across the industry;
  • Two pilots for waste heat recovery power generation in coal gangue brick factories were completed and the systems tested. A health and safety assessment for the coal gangue brick sector was jointly carried out by WHO and ILO;
  • Feasibility studies were conducted and methodologies prepared for the application of CDM in the dissemination of biogas and conservation agriculture in China.

Output 2.2: Development and dissemination at the local level of innovative models for renewable energy in rural areas:

  • A feasibility study was conducted on biomass pellet dissemination in China. The team was invited to help formulate an ongoing incentives programme for biomass energy development based on crop residues;
  • A survey was conducted of rural off-grid renewable power stations.

 

Outcome 3:

Accelerated Action by China in assessing vulnerability to climate change and developing adaptation plans and mechanisms

Outcome achievements:

Output 3.1: Climate proofing of poverty reduction in less developed areas of West China and vulnerable coastal areas of Southeast China:

  • Vulnerability assessments were conducted and adaptation measures developed to help tackle (i) glacial retreat the Himalayan region of West China and (ii) rising sea levels in coastal areas in Southeast China;
  • An assessment was conducted of the employment impacts of the transition to low carbon economy in China by 2020.

Output 3.2: Policies and capacities developed to manage environmental health issues from climate change:

  • Awareness was raised and knowledge developed on the health impacts of climate change and adaptation planning in 180 senior staff at national and provincial levels in the four pilot Provinces: Gansu, Chongqing, Jiangsu and Guangdong;
  • Local Environment and Health Action Plans were developed for all four pilot Provinces, incorporating critical reviews on the nature and effectiveness of environmental health services, and strategies for improvement were implemented;
  • Climate Change Adaptation Plans for health protection and promotion were developed and implemented in two cities;
  • Risk assessment methods, curriculum and China case studies were developed, and the capacity of more than 200 health professionals at the local level to conduct environmental health risk assessments was built;
  • Environmental Health monitoring and information management was assessed, new indicators were developed to address climate change impacts on health, and case studies were conducted.

Output 3.3: Capacities enhanced and policies developed for understanding and adapting to impacts of water management changes on China’s environment and development:

  • A vulnerability assessment was conducted for river resources in the Yellow River Basin, and policy recommendations were made to the Yellow River Conservancy Commission (YRCC);
  • A conceptual model for groundwater simulation and management was built, scenarios identified, and groundwater responses to climate change tested;
  • Technical regulations on groundwater monitoring were revised and recommended for nation-wide adoption.

Output 3.4: Enhanced strategies for climate-resilient and environmentally sound agricultural production (C-RESAP) in selected agro-ecosystems of the Yellow River Basin:

  • Situational analyses regarding agricultural production, climate change and agricultural pollution threats were conducted in four pilot provinces along the Yellow River Basin: Henan, Ningxia, Shaanxi and Shandong;
  • One national and four provincial multidisciplinary teams to deal with C-RESAP were formed, and will be able to transfer experience and skills to other projects in the future;
  • Climate-resilient and environmentally sound agricultural practices were identified and demonstrated to more than 1,000 farming households, 400 technicians and 140 local authorities in 13 pilot sites across the four pilot provinces;
  • A comprehensive multidisciplinary training programme was introduced to the authorities, farmers and field technicians, to help adapt to climate change and reduce pollution from agriculture. In total, 260 authorities, 1,500 farmers and 400 field technicians received training;
  • Provincial Action Plans for C-RESAP were formulated in the four pilot provinces, with the participation of farmers, field technicians, researchers and authorities.

 

Lessons learned:

  • Differing administrative procedures, and budgeting and reporting requirements of the UN agencies posed an administrative burden and impeded joint implementation. This was mitigated through a having the CCPF PMO actively supporting UN agencies and Government counterparts. 

 

More details can be found in the final project report: http://mptf.undp.org/document/download/8674

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