Project Factsheet
Tools for » Strengthening the Philippines’ Institutional Capacity to Adapt to Climate Change
Project ID 00067145 Description MDGF-1656-E-PHL Strength. Inst
Fund
MDG Achievement Fund
Start Date *: 2 Oct 2007
Theme
MDGF Environ Climate Chg
Project status Financially Closed
Country Philippines Participating Organization   Multiple
About

Overview:

The Philippines is a country that suffers regularly from natural disasters relating to climate. The economic cost is high with 2.7% of the country’s GDP lost to extreme events. An assessment of the current situation shows that the governance system needs to upscale its system to address climate change. The country has recently passed the Climate Change Act (2009) and created the Climate Change Commission (CCC) tasked with setting up, coordinating and monitoring action plans. In 2010 the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act was passed to institutionalize a more responsive approach to risk-resilient Development. A National Framework Strategy on Climate Change and a National Climate Change Action Plan were also put into place. The Joint Programme (JP) was designed to assist the government in addressing the threats of climate change through capacitating its major actors. The intervention was built around three outcomes at the national and local levels. The strategy aims to: 1) determine the vulnerability of critical sectors of the country to climate change and strengthen the country’s adaptive capacity; 2) contribute to MDG target achievements through reduced vulnerability; 3) facilitate partnerships amongst participating local government units particularly in highly hazard prone provinces; and, 4) Showcase innovative and document best practices on CCA (Climate change Adaptation). The outcomes are divided into 34 different outputs.

The JP was able to support the development of practical guidelines on CC to inform the national plans and planning documents.  A Fund was created to support CCA plans of local governments and communities, showing increased attention to the issue of CCA.

A capacity assessment was undertaken as a baseline for identifying capacity building strategies and preparation of an Integrated Competency Development Plan on CCA.

Five CC adaptation projects were developed and implemented in various areas: 1) in agriculture, through farming technology options; 2) in health, looking at DRR (disaster risk reduction); 3) for housing, through the retrofitting of CC resilient housing; 4) in income generation for vulnerable groups through access to financing options for agricultural production (this is a success, as a demand for replication of this project has been made); and 5) in developing the capacity of local national actors to address CC, with large scale trainings to 1,300 persons from all levels of government institutions (national, provincial, local).

 

Outcome 1:

Climate Risk Reduction (CRR) integrated into key national and selected local development plans and processes.

Outcome achievements:

  • Climate Change (CC) Vulnerability and Assessment tools were completed for the priority sectors (health, water, marine and costal resources, agriculture-as well as forestry and biodiversity.   CCA mainstreaming guidelines were developed by the concerned government agencies as inputs to the national plans and planning documents. For example in the health sector, the operational guidelines on CCA inform how health offices will transform CCA strategies into concrete activities, and mainstream these into their existing programmes as a response to CC health impacts.
  • Through the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Agency (PAGASA) climate projections in 2020 and 2050 were made for 69 provinces, allowing through modeling to anticipate CC effects – this was not originally in the JP but was an additional result.
  • One key policy support to CCA included the promotion of the early passage of the “Act on the Establishment of the People’s Survival Fund (PSF) to Provide Long-Term Finance Streams to Enable the Government to Effectively Address the Problem of Climate Change. ” The PSF or Senate Bill 2558 is an amendment to Republic Act 9729, otherwise known as the Climate Change Act of 2009. The key amendment is in its institution of a fund dedicated to support the climate change adaptation plans of local governments and communities. 

 

Outcome 2:

Enhanced national and local capacity to develop, manage and administer projects addressing climate change risks.

Outcome achievements:

  • A capacity assessment report was produced for 13 national government agencies (NGAs), 12 provincial Local Government Units (LGU) and 2 CSOs. These results served as baseline for identifying capacity building strategies and preparation of an Integrated Competency Development Plan on CCA.   Capacity assessment and inventory of existing resources on CCA were also done in selected HEI (Higher Education Institutions), and integration of CCA and DRR (Disaster Risk Reduction) in existing curricula have been accomplished in some bachelors’ programmes (e.g. Agriculture, civil engineering, agricultural engineering, water engineering, etc.).

 

Outcome 3:

Coping mechanisms improved through pilot adaptation project.

Outcome achievements:

  • The efforts concentrated on the implementation of 5 CC demonstration projects, capacitating 5 CBOs on CCA strategies, and the publication of a national report on lessons learned. In two projects innovative adaptation approaches were implemented for agriculture, watershed management and biodiversity conservation.
  • 25 farming technology options were set up in 97 sites and developed based on indigenous adaptation practices used by the farmers in the area. Vulnerability assessment studies were commissioned to Universities but were delayed, thus affecting the project’s deliverables. Community based climate variability and vulnerability assessment tools were developed, and capacity building activities were undertaken. An innovative participatory M&E (monitoring and evaluation) process to appraise performance of the field-tested CCA options was developed. Under this project a wide range of communication materials was developed.
  • Under the health component five objectives were achieved to various degrees: 1) strengthening the early warning and surveillance systems for CC sensitive diseases; 2) strengthen emergency and disaster preparedness and response for CC effects, 3) enhance knowledge and skills of health workforce on prevention and management of CC sensitive diseases and mitigation/adaptation to CC, 4) Increased public awareness and action on prevention of CC sensitive diseases, 5) document best practices and develop a template for replication.
  • For the component of Climate Resilient Human Settlements, the demonstration project achieved its objective to design and pilot test CC resilient social infrastructure for vulnerable urban community in a coastal city, and produced guidelines and local standards. The project included the actual retrofitting of selected houses to make them CC and disaster resilient.
  • Under the component of CCA capacity strengthened and access to financial resources for vulnerable groups, the primary objective was to develop and test financial risk transfer mechanisms for climate vulnerable farming communities, especially women. Through the support of the ILO and its partners, the learning-by-doing approach contributed to all stakeholders being able to witness the immediate positive effects. The project applied to a localized and responsive financial package that included financial (credit savings and insurance/social protection mechanisms) with non-financial services (CC and environmental awareness briefings, crop production and enterprise technology training, etc.). Its major outputs are the guidelines for innovative financing, the agreement with a financing institution to implement the financing scheme, the creation of a CCA insurance scheme, the establishment of an Early Warning System, the Establishment of Organic Fertilizer production plants, the building of competencies in vulnerability and adaptation assessments, and the production of knowledge management products that can be used for replication. In this sense the ILO through the UNDP has received approval and a grant for a project proposal preparation.
  • Under the fifth project under the third outcome to enhance governance infrastructure for mainstreaming Climate Risk management into local land use/development planning and programming (in the Albay Demo Site), the project achieved most of its outputs. Some 1,300 chief executives, local planners, technical staff from local government units of the province (including the 720 barangays of its 3 cities and 15 municipalities) and regional offices of the national government agencies attended various training and workshop for mainstreaming CCA. Results were improved, proactive, participatory and community based local adaptation mechanisms and strengthened capacity to develop, manage and administer actions addressing CC vulnerabilities and risks. Further some 3,900 teachers and educational staff including division coordinators participated in different trainings of trainers for mainstreaming CC into education. As a result four volumes of lessons in all learning areas are now being used in the different schools in the province, which are very useful to teach on climate change concepts.

 

 

Best practices:

  • Highly interactive nature of generating outputs. The usefulness of CC V&A tools for building capacities in partner institutions. The initiatives and positive results have led the Dept. of Health) to continue them using their own resources. The good practice in consolidating and linking the financial service providers with the communities who need their help along with the LGUs in the design of the product assures acceptability and viability of the packages.

 

Lessons learned:

  • The success of a demonstration project lies in its participatory approach and information campaign.
  • A good M&E system must be developed for the JP from the start to be able to measure and report on development results.
  • There are start-up and learning costs for a first-time joint programme implementation.

 

More details can be found in the final project report: http://mptf.undp.org/document/download/10182

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