Project Factsheet
Tools for » Strengthening local capacities for peace-building in the Department of Nariño
Project ID:00067227Description:MDGF-1964-F-COL Strengthening
Fund:
MDG Achievement Fund
Start Date *: 31 Dec 2008
Theme:
MDGF Conflict Prev Peacebld
End Date*: 30 Jun 2013
Country: Colombia Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   Multiple
About

Overview:

The JP sought to build the capacity of local authorities in the Department of Nariño to manage conflict prevention, ensure better access to services for victims of violence by ensuring support to survivors of gender based violence, while supporting communities vulnerable to violence through food security and income generation strategies. Within these territories, the JP prioritizes work with populations at highest level of vulnerability: peasants, women, indigenous and Afro-Colombian populations, children and youth, displaced population and victims of violence.

The JP was able to impact public policies through contributing to the design of the Strategy for Protection of Rights of Children, Adolescents and Youth in armed conflict and associated violence, and supporting the participatory formulation of the Public Policy on Gender Equity in Ipiales (one of the target areas of the program) and the creation of an Office for Gender through the JP’s advocacy.  It also supported the development of Regional Action Plans and a Departmental Action Plan, as well as the formation of 7 committees for Transitional Justice responsible for the enforcement of truth, justice, reparation and land restitution to victims.

Under Outcome three the JP supported activities to guarantee basic human rights, generated socio-economic impacts from alternative development models, and contributed to social cohesion and strengthening of the cultural identity of communities, thus constituting an ethnic sensitive approach, which the governor's office will continue with support from FAO.

 

Outcome 1:

Public entities, Community Councils, and Indigenous Councils have the ability to implement processes for conflict transformation and crisis prevention with an ethnic-cultural perspective, taking into account life cycles and gender.

 

Outcome Achievements:

  • Contributed to the design process of the Strategy for Protection of Rights Children Adolescents and Youth in armed conflict and associated violence, planned to be implemented for 12 years in the 8 municipalities.
  • Supported the participatory formulation of the Public Policy on Gender Equity in Ipiales, one of the target areas of the program. As a result of the JP’s advocacy efforts and support the Municipality created an Office for Gender.
  • The JP supported the development of Regional Action Plans and a Departmental Action Plan, essentially a planning tool in dealing with victims of armed conflict.
  • The JP supported the formation of 7 committees In Transitional Justice (participatory structures that monitors care of victims and operates as an agency for dialogue with national and regional institutions responsible for the enforcement of truth, justice, reparation and land restitution to victims of violence).
  • Municipal institutions and community’s capacity was strengthened through the creation of five institutional programs and the development of ethnicity and gender sensitive tools such as: 1) transformation methodology for the council of Panan’s conflict with the Resguardo. In addition to adopting the methodology, the process contributed to the search for new ways of handling the conflict leading to the drafting of a new electoral mechanism which have been used successfully; 2) the JP supported the police station in Cumbal to manage social conflict generated by alcohol abuse; 3) the JP supported mediation of conflict stemming from bullying in educational institutions.
  • Capacity building of local institutions to manage human rights violations, with results such as: 1) 217 public officials trained on the protection of human rights; 2) awareness raising of public officials to prevent and address Gender Based Violence (GBV) through the 1257 law and the participatory construction of seven integrated care pathways for GBV which will continue to receive support from the governor's office after the end of the JP.
  • The JP strengthened the communities’ ability to protect and restore cultural traditions, and supported the development of  intercultural dialogue for increased participation of communities in public policy decision making.

 

Outcome 2:

Victims of violence know and are able to access programs, services and government instruments that guarantee their dignity and protect their rights.

 

Outcome Achievements:

  • Local public entities are aware of and implement programs, tools and policies to guarantee the rights of communities.
  • Indigenous Community Councils have strengthened capacity to demand and defend the rights of victims of violence in their territories through actions such as training of staff and leaders of the three ethnic communities in Law 1448/201116 and relevant regulatory decrees; in coordination with the Regional Victim’s Victim in the Governor's Office.
  • The JP developed and published educational materials on Victims' Rights under the 1448 Act.
  • Strengthened local legal capacity by supporting the development of monitoring reports to assist the displaced population and increased community’s awareness of the protective role of the attorney in cases of violation of human rights.

 

Outcome 3:

Establishment in selected strategic areas diversified production systems that contribute to early recovery with emphasis on food security, nutrition and income generation in terms of equity, environmental generation ensuring equity, environmental sustainability and strengthening of communities.

 

Outcome Achievements:

  • The JP supported 973 families from three ethnic communities (with an average number of 5 members per family), with a focus on recovery of traditional production practices such as a) Recovery of native seeds, b) families custodians of seed c) promotion of ancestral practices in diversification.
  • The JP supported farmer field schools, with the inclusion of gender issues, life cycle and conflict transformation perspectives.
  • The JP supported productive initiatives favoring legal economy, some of which targeted exclusively women or youth with an ethnic approach. These initiatives benefitted over one thousand families.
  • Provided support fort the effective management of 230 loans worth 1,944 million pesos to ASOCOETNAR (Association of Afrocolombian Community Councils) partners by the Agricultural Bank. In addition, the governor's office of Nariño constituted the Agricultural Guarantee Fund (FAG) worth 291 million for collateral loans.

 

Best Practices:

The participation of communities in the planning and implementation processes strengthened ownership and sustainability. 

Planning of departmental development plans was undertaken at departmental level. This improved efficiency and impact.

The communication and advocacy strategy improved communication between the different actors and the level of recognition of the program’s achievements.

 

Lessons Learned:

  • To ensure adequate implementation, a joint strategy must be clearly defined from the design stage, and must identify value added of each approach/activity as well as the complementarily between them. There must be clear consensus among the agencies on this.
  • Gender needs to be mainstreamed across the management for results framework with specific budget allocations to ensure effective implementation of the strategy. When working with ethnic groups and Afro-Colombians, the strategy should include specific measures to ensure a culturally sensitive approach.
  • The governance model should include a limited number of members on each committee to facilitate consensus building and operational decision-making, with clearly defined the roles to avoid duplication.
  • The Programme coordinator role is key, for this reason the profile must include both technical and political skills, as well as prior knowledge of the UN.
  • It is important that for programs to envisage a period of preparation to ensure understanding of administrative procedures and procurement mechanisms, appropriate links between the national and territorial level and understanding of existing institutional capacity in the target areas.
  • In joint programmes, it is not uncommon for internal conflicts to arise between institutions, organizations and leaders. It is necessary to established mechanisms for managing such conflicts.
  • Need to unify strategies to avoid overloading communities with multiple interventions.
  • The design should take into consideration potential impact and actions to take in the case of changes in government, as well as the rotation of officials to limit its impact.
  • There should be spaces to ensure accountability to the communities and local authorities on the implementation and progress of the program in their territories.
  • Programmes should begin to develop a sustainability strategy from the mid-term review point. 

 

More details can be found in the documents below.

Recent Documents
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Contacts

If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Colombia or the lead agency for the programme.

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