Project Factsheet
Tools for » Children, Food Security and (Mal)Nutrition in Angola
Project ID 00067239 Description MDGF-1997-I-AGO
Fund
MDG Achievement Fund
Start Date *: 11 Dec 2009
Theme
MDGF SP-ChildFoodSec&Nutri
Project status Financially Closed
Country Angola Participating Organization   Multiple
About

Overview:

The joint programme supported the Government of Angola in the prevention and reduction of malnutrition among children by strengthening community resilience and management capacities; enhancing advocacy for child friendly policy reform with an aim to increase the commitment of the GoA to protect the most vulnerable children; while improving surveillance, coordination, assessment, monitoring and evaluation of food and nutrition of children in beneficiary areas, building models which could be expanded in the rest of the country, while supporting capacity building of National and local government counterparts, as well as local NGOs and CSOS working in the food and nutrition sector. 

In partnership with churches and faith-based organizations, the programme promoted an alliance to increase competencies and awareness in the family, promoting better practices for child survival, development and protection. This community-based approach contributed to better infant and young child feeding practices. Documentation shows increased access to quality interventions at the community level, with likely impacts in terms of a reduction of morbidity and mortality among women and children under five. In addition,  More than 5 million children under five nationwide were reached with a package of lifesaving interventions, (integrating immunization, deworming and vitamin A) .

The fifth and sixth Forum for Children, which sought to review the 11 Commitments for the children of Angola and plan for the next two years, were held in 2011 and 2012 with participation of key ministries, the Vice-governors of all 18 provinces, representatives of civil society and children. 

The National strategy for Infant and Young Child Nutrition was developed in partnership with MOH, MINAGRI, Ministry of Planning, WHO and other UN agencies as a result the programme’s evidence-based advocacy and technical support to the Ministry of Health. It includes critical nutrition interventions for children and has been endorsed by the Government, which led to allocation of funds to the provinces for critical key interventions.

In partnership with local partners (MOH, MINAGRI, local and international NGOs, civil society organizations and religious bodies), the programme supported a joint response to the 2012 drought-induced nutrition crisis which put 2 million Angolans and 500,000 children at risk of severe acute malnutrition. As a result, additional inpatient facility centers and outpatient therapeutic treatment programs were established.  More than two thousand volunteer trained Community Health Workers  were able to screen close to 450,000 children, and about 73,000 children diagnosed with acute malnutrition were treated.

The program was also able to enhance productive capacity, storage and processes in the most vulnerable communities, which should result in better quality of the diet and increased food security, particularly for children and the elderly. As a result of this initiative the government of Bie partnered with FAO to extend the experience to all municipalities of the province with government co-funding. In addition, the community-based model for the management of the acute malnutrition through community health activists in difficult to reach areas demonstrated significant results in Bie, Cunene and Moxico provinces and resulted into scaling up the same model in Huambo, Kwanza sul and Zaire from the provincial resources.

 

Outcome 1:

Strengthen community resilience and management capacities to reduce family and child hunger and under-nutrition.

 

Outcome Achievements:

  • At national level the national infant and young child nutrition strategy was developed approved and enforced for implementation. All critical interventions for children and women were positioned in the strategy document, including promotion of infant feeding practices, micronutrient supplementation, expansion of the child survival services, integrated management of acute malnutrition, food diversification and setting up nutrition surveillances system.
  • More than 400,000 Children U5 supplemented with Vitamin A and 360,000 children one to five years received albandazole twice a year through multiple interventions, mainly through Viva a Vida national campaign.
  • Twelve training sessions carried out on crop rotation, selection of seed, handling of fertilizer, compost preparation, pests and diseases management and agro-reforestation.
  • Local food production was restored after the drought and is currently being monitored by General Service Agents and FAO in the province of Bie.
  • 25 people from Government officers belonging to EDAs (Agricultural Development Station) and Community Members received training on processing and conservation of local products, looking at reducing the post-harvest losses and increase the supply of vegetables and fruit during periods of increased food shortages.
  • 400 kits containing seeds and horticultural tools were distributed to the most vulnerable families in 20 communities of Bié and Moxico.

 

Outcome 2:

Enhancing advocacy for child protection from adverse effects of food insecurity – aiming to increase the commitment of the GoA in reforming policies and strategies to protect the most vulnerable children.

 

Outcome Achievements:

  • The community-based model for the management of the acute malnutrition through community health activists served as a successful pilot for difficult to reach areas and was scaled up in Huambo, Kwanza sul and Zaire with provincial resources.
  • The program trained teachers, students and community members about the school gardens, food diversification and cooking skills. It also provided technical assistance, seeds and tools to create 30 farmer field schools (FFS) and 10 school gardens (SG) for increased food security and dietary diversification.
  • Coverage of vitamin A supplementation increased from 75% in 2010 to 85% in 2011, and deworming from 82% to 88%.
  • Main ports and salt production sites benefited from monitoring and quality checks and 10 critical provinces were reached with community awareness activities, salt mapping and market surveys, resulting in more than 60% of the salt being adequately iodized.
  • Under the child protection package in Bié, 300 social workers were trained on the diffusion of knowledge on strategies to protect the vulnerable children and women.

 

Outcome 3:

Improving surveillance, coordination, assessment and monitoring and evaluation of the food and nutrition of children in beneficiary areas.

 

Outcome Achievements:

  • Nutritional surveillance system was reinforced and monthly nutritional surveillance reports are now available and shared with Partners.
  • Communication and advocacy materials on the outcomes and results of the JP  were prepared and distributed to policy makers upon closing of the program.
  • Baseline study completed and disseminated the findings with all key stake holders.
  • Capacities to implement Vulnerability assessment and mapping strengthened in the selected provinces.
  • 600 community agents (such as local church leaders and traditional authorities) in Moxico and  Bie were educated on fundamental knowledge and good practices in nutrition, health, sanitation, pregnancy and early childhood care.Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping (MAV), completed in 3 municipalities of MDG provinces.
  • Capacities to produce nutritional surveillance reports were strengthened in the three selected provinces.

 

Best Practices:

  • The sharing of the best practices model of Bie with other provinces through various communication strategies and material improved the opportunities for replication of the model in Huambo and Kwanza Sul during the nutrition emergency in 2012 and 2013. Communication and advocacy materials developed and shared with stake holders provided necessary information to identify opportunities for scaling up or replication.
  • Best practices in implementation include finding strategic overlap in activities; mutual assistance between agencies building on each agencies’ staff on the ground.
  • Some technical best practices that were introduced during the JP and are now available for scale up or replication include: introduction of non-traditional crops into FFS; introduction of improved/enhanced seed quality; spacing cropping;  the use of fertilisers; handling and maintenance of water pumps; food processing and conservation.

 

Lessons Learned:

  • A key lesson learned for the team was the need for equal coordination from each agency, and the need to ensure this commitment from the beginning. 
  • Strong communication skills throughout the implementation and organization of the joint programme would have increased overall efficiency.
  • A full-time project coordinator from the beginning of the JP would have better facilitated coordination.

 

More details can be found in the documents below.

Recent Documents
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Contacts

If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Angola or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

The person with GATEWAY access rights to upload and maintain documents for the programme:

  • Fatima Santos, Coordination Specialist; Telephone: 244 9 3740 6054; Email: Fatima.Santos@one.un.org; Skype: fatima_santos75
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