Project Factsheet
Tools for » JP-KP merged Districts-Pakista
Project ID:00113570Description:JP-KP merged Districts-Pakista
Fund:
Pakistan UNSDF Fund III
Start Date *: 19 Dec 2018
Theme:
Humanitarian Development Nexus
End Date*: 31 Dec 2022
Country: Pakistan Project Status: On Going
  Participating Organization:   UNDP - UNDP(MDTF/PUNO only).
About

Overview

The Tribal Districts of the Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkwa (KP) Province (formerly called the “Federally Administered Tribal Areas – FATA) span the region bordering Afghanistan and Pakistan provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). They remain one of the most underdeveloped regions of Pakistan, enduring decades of marginalization, and economic deprivation. Livelihoods and employment remains a critical issue related to both social and economic development, and to matters of stability and governance. 

 

The predominantly agrarian economy is based on arable agriculture, livestock, fisheries and forestry, which provide some 97% of employment and livelihoods, and these have all been seriously affected by conflict in the KP Tribal Districts in recent years.  In addition, the KP Tribal Districts’ unique constitutional status, exposure to instability in Afghanistan and the paltry resource allocation under successive governments have contributed, over time, to a worsening of human and economic development indicators relative to the rest of Pakistan. The effect of these multiple challenges can be clearly seen in UNDP’s Multi-Dimensional Poverty Index (MDPI), which shows that, in 2016, 73.7% population of the KP Tribal Districts lived in multi-dimensional poverty, while the comparable figure for the KP Province stood at 49%.

 

The passage of the 25th Constitutional Amendment with political consensus and its subsequent presidential approval on 31st May 2018 signals a historic change and will fundamentally alter the lives of 5 million inhabitants of the KP Tribal Districts.  The merger modifies the institutional political economy, including the role of the KP Assembly and bureaucracy. To manage this transition for the next two years, the “FATA Interim Governance Regulations Act 2018” has been introduced as an interim arrangement to replace the draconian Frontier Crimes Regulation which has been repealed. The KP Government, including judicial and legislative bodies, will now lead the reform process. However, the process will be carried out in collaboration with the Federal Government who will be responsible for providing bulk of the finances and the planning capacity for the implementation of reforms, particularly the socio-economic agenda.

 

Informed by the currently evolving context, the proposed two-year joint programme by FAO, UNDP, UNICEF and UNWomen, led by the UN Resident Coordinator, aims to ensure the sustainability of the return process and strengthen the social contract between the state and the citizenry. The DFID funded programme specifically is aiming to build stability and reduce poverty in the KP Tribal Districts. The programme will work towards these aims by: a) strengthening resilience in return communities, especially by restoring livelihoods; b) supporting the improvement of, and access to, health and education services; c) supporting the local and provincial governments to become more effective, accountable and responsive; and d) supporting the improvement of the enabling environment for inclusive economic growth.

 

The implementation of the programme is guided by UN principles, best practices and lessons learnt from over a decade of working in the KP Tribal Districts. Since 2010, it has been the UN’s largest portfolio, with approximately US$300 million invested annually. A risk-informed programming approach is at the heart of the integrated programme. While the Constitutional Amendment provides clarity about the legal status of the KP Tribal Districts, the transition will be a complex process. Lack of coordination, fragmented information, duplication in investment and unintended gaps in support are risks that can potentially hamper progress towards a smooth transition from humanitarian towards sustainable development and peace in the area.

 

Assistance Strategy

The proposed integrated programme is aligned with DFID’s strategic objectives of the 2015 UK Aid in FATA, and with various other strategic documents such as the UN Sustainable Development Framework (UNSDF) (2018-2022), within which falls the KP Tribal Districts Transition Framework of 2018 (still pending finalization with the new KP provincial government). It also contributes towards the Government’s draft FATA 10-year Development Socio-Economic Development Plan, Agriculture Action Plan FATA, and Pakistan’s Vision 2025.

 

Governance

Steering Committee (rotational– Islamabad/Peshawar)

  • To provide strategic oversight and programme leadership particularly in relation to determining and agreeing on the meaningful direction of the KP Tribal Districts Transition Framwork
  • To serve as a platform for policy dialogue, political coordination and consensus building required in view of the volatile nature and fast evolving governance landscape of KP
  • To ensure the strategic positioning of the programme within the transitional context of KP focusing on the Tribal Districts including strengthened stakeholder engagement and partnerships
  • To collaborate for enhanced strategic engagement in accordance with the current UN reform agenda and the principles of development effectiveness.
  • To allow for adequate programmatic engagement and exchange/learning with the other partners, including the KP Provincial Government and FATA Secretariat (while this exists) including other governmental and non-governmental local and international development partners

 

Management Committee (Islamabad-based)

The MC will exercise its overall management authority based on evidence and research to help ensure value for money and that the overall risks to the programme are mitigated.  Specific tasks will include:

  • To ensure programmatic and operational synergies through provision of strategic direction of the programme, that aligns with the DFID Business Case and related Government of Pakistan/UN strategies;
  • To support and oversee the start-up of the programme (beginning shortly after the signing of the Agreement), the engagement with the KP Tribal Districts Secretariat (while this exists) and the KP Provincial Government, as well as other government entities, other donors, and local NGOs;
  • To review outcome indicators for the programme, to be developed jointly by DFID and UN in the first three months of programme implementation (as referenced in the DFID Business Case);
  • To ensure timely reviewing and approving analysis, specifically: (i) approach to targeting communities; (ii) donor mapping; (iii) conflict sensitivity; (iv) gender analysis and ensuring that the programme adapts to reflect this analysis.
  • To discussing risks including approval of course correction measures including safeguarding, fraud, terrorist financing, conflict sensitivity, leave no one behind and gender
  • To approve disbursements (agency allocations) including programme work plans and progress reports to move from inception to implementation.
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Contacts

If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Pakistan or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

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