Project Factsheet
Tools for » Viet Nam Joint Programme on Gender Equality
Project ID 00067156 Description MDGF-1694-B-VNM Gender Equalit
Fund
MDG Achievement Fund
Start Date *: 11 Sep 2007
Theme
MDGF Gender Equal & Empowermt
Project status Financially Closed
Country Viet Nam Participating Organization   Multiple
About

Overview:

The Joint Programme (JP) was created to provide strategic, coordinated and multi-sector capacity building and technical assistance for national and sub-national actors so they can better implement, monitor, evaluate and report on the Law on Gender Equality (GEL) and the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention and Control (DVL). Viet Nam is a Delivering as One country, and the JP was in line with the One Plan 2006-2011 and with national priorities. It was implemented through twelve UN agencies and various national partners chief of which were the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA), the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (MOCST), and the General Statistics Office (GSO) as well as with support from the Government of Spain. The intervention was articulated around three outcomes and ten supporting outputs that encompass a total of 48 activities.

The different activities that improved the capacity of the local actors were found in different areas and were grounded on a wide number of studies. For one, in establishing a baseline countrywide study on domestic violence (DV) in Viet Nam. This led to incorporate the finding in the formulation of the GEL and DVL. Also the study on domestic workers was used to draft a new decree on domestic workers. The policy recommendations from the study on women entrepreneurs informed the formulation of the National Strategy on Gender Equality 2011-2020 and the Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) Development Plan 2011-2015. Findings of other studies were used for UN agencies’ programming in the One Plan 2012-2016 (UN in Viet Nam website - http://www.un.org.vn), and will be used to advocate for improved support services and legal frameworks for vulnerable groups.

At the local level support through an inclusive coordination mechanism regularly supported through the JP, the Gender Action Partnership (GAP), civil society and other partners were able to benefit from the capacity development and increase their skills to address gender equality and domestic violence (DV) issues.

Another important contribution was the development of evidence-based data and statistics in order to advocate for and inform policy making in the area of gender equality and DV prevention and response. Some support was also given to fifteen survivors of DV through a national organization.

 

Outcome 1:

Improved skills, knowledge and practices for the implementation, monitoring, evaluation and reporting of the Law on Gender Equality Law and Domestic Violence Law.

Outcome achievements:

  • A large number of activities were undertaken to develop capacity amongst the partners, at central and at provincial levels, and to a lesser extent at the local level. This included a number of workshops and study tours that were useful in increasing officials’ knowledge and skills. As a result, a number of national legal and policy frameworks were developed and finalized. Some examples include the National Strategy on Gender Equality 2011-2020, the National Programme on Gender Equality 2011-2015, and the Ministerial Plan of Action on Gender Equality 2011-2015.
  • Officials at the provincial and local levels were trained on GEL and the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention and Control, so that law enforcement officials are better able to respond to domestic violence cases while ensuring the safety of the survivors. The capacity to carry out research on such a sensitive topic (Domestic Violence - DV) has been strengthened through the implementation of the National Study on Domestic Violence against Women in Viet Nam.

 

Outcome 2:

Enhanced partnerships and coordination around Gender Equality within and outside government.

Outcome achievements:

  • The most significant contribution was the development and activities of the Gender Action Partnership (GAP), a quadripartite forum on gender represented by the government, the UN, donor, and community and social organizations. Survey results indicate that 67% of the NGOs member of the network indicated that the GAP greatly contributed to improving their work, and 83% further indicated that the GAP contributed to improve collaboration among different gender networks. GAP was found to be an effective mechanism for sharing information, coordination, influencing policies, and providing updates on the efforts of the various actors. The strong partnership and coordination was supported by the Gender Programme Coordination Group (PCG), which was a coordination mechanism established in Viet Nam, co-chaired by the UN and MOLISA.
  • Survivors of DV participated in specific workshops and gained increased self-confidence through improved knowledge and skills.
  • Three NGO networks working on gender equality and women’s empowerment (Gender and Community Development - GENCOMNET (http://www.gencomnet.org/en/), Network for Women’s Empowerment - NEW and Domestic Violence Prevention Network - DOVIPNET (http://dovipnet.org.vn/)) received financial support from the JP to implement community-based activities to promote gender equality and eliminate DV. The lessons and good practices were shared with GAP members including government. In addition, the Centre for Women Development under the Viet Nam Women’s Union also received support to undertake capacity building to 15 survivors of DV (including life skills training) and organize a workshop to discuss collaborative mechanism for prevention of and response to DV.
  • Over 60 media practitioners (50% women) were direct beneficiaries through capacity building and the establishment of a Gender Reporters’ Network. They contributed to disseminating the results of the JP through publication of articles.
  • At the general public level the Voice of Viet Nam (VOV) directly broadcasted radio programmes on gender equality and DV prevention through the support of the JP.

 

Outcome 3:

Strengthened evidence-based data and data systems for promoting Gender Equality.

Outcome achievements:

  • Substantial improvement has been made in providing evidence-based sex-disaggregated gender data. The set of National Statistical Indicator on Gender Development was approved by the Prime Minister of Viet Nam in October 2011, and provides the legal framework for the regular collection of gender data in various sectors of the society (e.g. economy, labour, health, etc.) and reinforced the importance of quality sex disaggregated data to inform more effective policy and programming. In addition, increased data on gender is now available from various research initiatives, and national surveys such as the Viet Nam Household Living Standard Survey (VHLSS), Labor Force Survey, and the Population Census through engendering of data collection and analysis.
  • This will support monitoring of the implementation of both the Law on Gender Equality and the Law on DV Prevention and Control, as well as the National Strategy on Gender Equality.
  • The first national study on DV against women in Viet Nam provided data on prevalence of DV in the different regions within the country. Other studies also provided valuable data for advocacy and informing policy making in areas such as domestic workers, sex workers, internal migrants, and trafficked boys.

 

Best practices:

  • Having one project document signed by 12 UN agencies, 3 government partners, and the donor representative promoted a shared vision and accountability.
  • Supporting three State Management Agencies for Gender Equality, DV, and Data in taking the lead in improving the situation in their respective areas in collaboration with the concerned agencies was effective in establishing a good working modality and addressing cross-cutting issues such as gender.
  • The active participation of the JP focal points in other coordination and technical working groups contribute to create linkages to other on-going relevant interventions in the country.
  • Having one UN agency as Management Agent, responsible for transferring all funds to the National Implementing Partners for activities under national implementation, and for overall management issues, was identified as a good practice.
  • Another good practice was the development of a sustainability plan for the JP. The results and lessons learnt from the JPGE 2009-2011 have been followed up and are now well reflected in the new One Plan (2012-2016).

 

Lessons learned:

  • Ensure sufficient and realistic project duration appropriate for reaching the agreed objectives, but mindful of the intensive preparatory time and effort needed.
  • Have a clear roadmap for the process in developing a Joint Programme. A key aspect is to ensure availability of or mobilize technical support from the country, regional and HQ offices.
  • It is important to ensure sufficient staff in place to implement, monitor, and manage activities.
  • The preparation of a capacity development plan that includes sufficient follow-up support, as well as post training/capacity building intervention assessment is necessary.

 

More details can be found in the final project report: http://mptf.undp.org/document/download/9186

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