Project Factsheet
Tools for » Perú: Promotion of employment and MSEs fir youth and managment of juvenile labor migration
Project ID 00067200 Description MDGF-1901-H-PER Employment and
Fund
MDG Achievement Fund
Start Date *: 31 Dec 2008
Theme
MDGF Youth Employ & Migrant
Project status Financially Closed
Country Peru Participating Organization   Multiple
About

Overview:

Peru has over 8 million youth between 15 and 29 years of age. Of these 5 million are working and over 400,000 youth are unemployed. Youth represent therefore two of every three unemployed persons. Migration, whether internal or international, concerns many youths. Half the youth would migrate if they had the opportunity to do so. In terms of future plans, half of Peru’s youth indicated that they were interested in developing a business, according to a 2009 national survey (ENJUV), but there is little information available to develop businesses. Before the JP, the Ministry of Labour and Employment Promotion did not offer any business development courses. The JP is structured around 4 outcomes divided into twelve components. The implementation strategy includes policy level development as well as practical training and resources being available for youth to find employment, develop business activities and/or ensure safe migration. The National Employment Policy was approved and, with support of the programme, includes a youth employment component. A sector plan for youth employment at national level was developed.  At the regional level various plans and dialogue spaces were created.

In total 364 civil servants at the national and local levels received a range of training workshops to enhance their capacities and contribute to youth employment, for example on: management of youth employment migration and international migration, reform of the Law on Formative Procedures, the use of specific methodology (GIN-ISUN young business persons), among others. In addition, the youth themselves used their enhanced capacities to provide training programmes (Young Businessperson, Wawa Wasi Employment) to 1618 youth on themes such as social skills, reproductive and sexual health, employment and business development, GIN-ISUN (Generate your Idea for Business – Start your Business).

 

Outcome 1:

A National Policy for the Promotion of Youth Employment and institutional strengthening to increase job opportunities and improve working conditions for young people.

Outcome achievements:

  • Promotion of youth employment and institutional strengthening efforts achieved the following results: a) generate information through YEM (youth, employment and Int. Migration surveys) in 2009 and 2011 to inform programming and measures related to youth employment and migration, b) Support to the design and dissemination of the National Youth Survey, c) Approval of the National Employment Policy that includes a youth employment component., d) Development of a Sector Plan for Youth Employment at national level, e) Regional plans for youth employment developed (La Libertad and Arequipa), as well as Regional plans for youth, f) A Youth Social Dialogue table was created on Decent Work within the National Employment Council, g) Information at department level is collected that allows advocacy with regional governments for investing in education, health and youth employment.

 

Outcome 2:

Youth labor intermediation - through DNPEFP and DRTPE - strengthened and modernized to improve employability and reduce youth unemployment.

Outcome achievements:

  • Results listed include the creation of a web portal for youth employment www.empleosperu.gob.pe/emplojoven/index.asp, a Unique Employment Certificate was incorporated and 7,532 youth from Lima, Trujillo and Arequipa benefited. A pilot programme Wawa Wasi employment was developed to facilitate integration into the world of work. 437 young mothers joined the programme. At the Ministry level, the capacities of the Vocational Orientation services (of the Ministry) were strengthened through a proposal to incorporate a holistic process to youth profile evaluation (including psychological tests and additional test to evaluate the business potential of candidates).

 

Outcome 3:

Governance of youth international labor migration created and strengthened through an institutionalized labor mediation.

Outcome achievements:

  • Under this outcome, focus was placed on the youth employment migration policies. A service (Infomigra) was included in the regular work of the Ministry of Labour and Employment Promotion that benefited 593 youths and received more than 50,000 web portal visits (www.mintra.gob.pe/migrante/infomigra.php).
  • Support was provided to the implementation of the Action plan with regional and local governments. 193 civil servants from 65 regional and local governments participated in the training programme “Managing employment migration from the regional and local governments. An alternative to development”. Information was given on the situation of young women migrants that will serve to inform public policy and project development.

 

Outcome 4:

Promoting youth entrepreneurship, including the use of remittances.

Outcome achievements:

  • Under this outcome a pilot programme of Young Businessperson was launched within the MoLEP that benefited 6,000 youths in linking with the private sector and preparing them for business.
  • A Training of Trainers (TOT) in the use of the GIN-ISUN methodology for civil servants from the MoLEP and training schools.
  • A GIS for businesspersons was developed, that facilitates business decision-making and is especially tailored for youth.
  • Technical assistance was provided to design the pilot programme for the productive use of remittances.

 

Best practices:

  • The Table on Youth Social Dialogue for Decent work receives an international award of good practices for youth employment. Also, Certifjoven has been recognized as an innovative practice by the knowledge management of the MDG-F.

 

Lessons learned:

  • Selecting a strong and technically competent programme coordinator is key.
  • Working with known key principles to ensure proper impact (don’t start from scratch, don’t work alone, don’t implement line by line).
  • Combining policy level actions with demonstrative pilot projects on the ground can be a good strategy.
  • The JP cannot do everything but should be careful about not creating gaps (for example employment in rural areas, internal migrations).
  • Importance of a proper communication strategy that is inclusive of all stakeholders.
  • A clear definition of roles and responsibilities is required. The active role and participation of civil society is key.

 

More details can be found in the final project report: http://mptf.undp.org/document/download/9719

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Contacts

If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Peru or the lead agency for the programme.

The persons with GATEWAY access rights to upload and maintain documents for the programme:

  • Carla Donayre, Coordination Analyst; Telephone: 5112156969; Email: carla.donayre@undp.org; Skype: carla.donayre
  • MariaEugenia Mujica, RCO Joint Programmes Coordinator; Telephone: 51 12156969 ext 2412; Email: mariaeugenia.mujica@undp.org; Skype: memujica
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