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Tools for » JP Bangladesh - Building Community Resilience through Integrated Water Management (IWM)


Water management is a critical issue in Bangladesh. The availability of freshwater is essential for consumption and nutrition, household use, health and livelihood generation as well as food security. Access to clean water is limited however, and water ecosystems are in varying states of degradation. External drivers for effective water management include population growth, natural resources, land management, social, economic and political development and climate change. As such, an integrated approach to water resources and water ecosystems is essential for achieving sustainable development solutions.
In this context, the EKN–UN joint programme on building community resilience through integrated water management was formulated and finalised through a partnership between the Embassy Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (EKN) and the UN system. The programme will achieve tangible and long-term development results in two priority thematic areas under EKN’s Multi-Annual Strategic Plan 2012-15: 1) integrated water management; and 2) water and environment. The programme offers innovative and holistic solutions that seek to address:

•    the impacts of climate change on the water sector;
•    water induced hazards (particularly in the South);
•    environmental sustainability;
•    participatory management; and
•    improved governance of critical aquatic ecosystems.

The programme is based around five components that are built on existing projects of UNDP, ILO and WFP. The projects have been engaged because they are contributing to the achievement of UNDAF Pillar-5 and cover broad thematic areas on Climate change, Environment and Disaster Risk Management. The five components of this programme are:

1.    Enhanced resilience of coastal communities through improved water management (UNDP)
2.    Enhanced resilience of coastal communities through rehabilitation of coastal embankments (UNDP)
3.    Enhanced resilience of coastal communities through creation of community assets (WFP)
4.    Adaptive natural resource management in ecologically critical areas (UNDP)
5.    Green livelihood skills for communities of threatened ecological areas (ILO).

Assistance Strategy

The programme brings together relevant UN system activities across UNDP, WFP and ILO to contribute to UNDAF pillar-5 outcome 1 i.e., “By 2016, populations vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters have become more resilient to adapt with the risk.” For this, primary focus is given to offsetting the impacts of natural disasters on livelihoods through disaster risk reduction and asset generation, as well as improved livelihood options through sustainable natural resource management and environmental governance. Impoverished areas and marginalized communities, especially women, are prioritized due to their limited resilience and heightened state of vulnerability.

Programme Components:

•    Component 1:
Improved resilience of coastal communities through improved water management: This component, led by UNDP, will promote improved water management options to enhance community resilience in the coastal zone. The activities under this component will be implemented through the ongoing UNDP project ‘Community Based Adaptation to climate change through Coastal Afforestation (CBACC-CF)’. By constructing a dyke and implementing livelihood diversification options through the “Fruit, Fish and Forest” model, this component aims to increase protection from tidal surges and salinity intrusion; improve water management practices for sustainable livelihood options (though Triple F model); and increase community resilience to external shocks (tidal surge and tropical cyclones).
•    Component 2: Improved resilience of coastal communities through rehabilitation of coastal embankments. This component, led by UNDP, will rehabilitate coastal embankments to protect communities and enhance resilience in a high risk area. UNDP will engage the Early Recovery Facility (ERF) project to achieve the desired outputs of this component. This component will rehabilitate an earthen embankment in the Khulna district and undertake community afforestation for the purpose of protecting Core Family Shelters. Rainwater harvesting initiatives will also increase water security and improve livelihoods for vulnerable families.
•    Component 3: Enhanced resilience of coastal communities through the creation of community assets. This component, led by WFP, will build on the on-going WFP-GoB programme for Enhancing Resilience to Natural Disasters and the Effects of Climate Change (ER). The objective of the ER programme is to enhance the resilience of vulnerable communities through the creation of community assets. These assets provide protection from natural disasters and can enhance income earning opportunities. About 70% of the participants will be women, and this regular income will lead to significant improvement in food security of households, especially in those, where women are main income earners. The project participants will be provided with cash grant at the end of the project to invest in income generating activities.
•    Component 4: Adaptive natural resource management in ecologically critically areas. This component, led by UNDP, will be implemented through the “Community Based Adaptation in the Ecologically Critical Areas through Biodiversity Conservation and Social Protection” (CBA-ECA) project. Based on a successful UNDP-GEF model, this component will promote community based management of Ecologically Critical Areas in the districts of Cox’s Bazar (Teknaf Peninsula and Sonadia Island ECA) and Moulvibazar-Sylhet (Hakaluki Haor). This component will also establish and support the management of community water resources (desalination plant, irrigation etc), wetland sanctuaries and swamp plantations and undertake targeted interventions for ecosystem restoration and protection. The overall objective is to conserve biodiversity and the natural resource base, as well as promote alternate and sustainable livelihood options for the poor who are living in and around the ecologically critical areas (ECA).
•    Component 5: Green livelihood skills for communities of threatened ecological areas. To complement the interventions of Component 4 in building on the “Community Based Adaptation in the Ecologically Areas through Biodiversity Conservation and Social Protection (CBA-ECA)” project, UNDP will partner with ILO to promote green livelihood opportunities for the poor who are living in and around ecologically critical areas. This component will target vulnerable families (particularly female-headed households) in remote rural areas, to provide green skills, technologies, and knowledge for generating sustainable livelihoods. By providing “green” livelihood training, skills and jobs for vulnerable households, this component aims to increase livelihood security and income, as well as raise awareness of environmental principles and sustainable use.


The new UNDAF 2012-2016 serves as the key basis for this joint programme and in particular, UNDAF Pillar 5 (Climate Change, Environment and Disaster Risk Management) has provided the strategic guidance for framing the key results for achieving the common outputs and outcome. A total of USD 7.89 million will contribute to existing projects across the agencies that are working towards the UNDAF pillar-5 outcome –“By 2016, populations vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters have become more resilient to adapt with the risk.” The five components of the programme will be led by three participating UN agencies to contribute to the achievement of:

•    UNDAF Output 5.1.2 - Community and local institutions have greater capacity on disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation; and
•    UNDAF output 5.1.3 - Communities, local and national governments have greater capacity to respond and to provide basic services in emergencies and early recovery.

UNDP, as the lead agency of UNDAF Pillar 5, is responsible for overall coordination of the programme implementation in partnership with the two other Participating UN Organisations i.e. WFP and ILO under UNDAF Pillar 5. This programme will be implemented using a pass-through funding modality. The programmatic and financial accountability rests with the Participating UN Organisations, which manage their respective components of the Joint Programme.

The programme will capitalize on existing partnerships with various Government agencies, NGOs and other stakeholders under the on-going projects of the participating UN agencies and will make efforts to ensure that the targeted actions and results are owned by the stakeholders. The component activities designed under this joint programme will be reflected in the work plan of the respective ongoing projects/programmes and the strategic guidance during implementation will be provided by the respective steering committees.
Project Board:

An extended UNDAF Pillar 5 group, with appropriate representation from the government counterpart (ERD), participating UN Agencies and implementing partners (GO/NGOs), will act as the project board chaired by the UNDP Country Director for implementation of this joint programme.   The Project Board will be responsible for preparing and endorsing the annual work plan and taking strategic decision as need be. It will meet at least twice a year to ensure effective implementation of the project activities.

Project Coordinator

A full time project coordinator engaged to coordinate activities among the participating UN agencies and project partners will be responsible to guide and provide feedback to participating UN agencies and project partners on any project issues, as and when required. S/he will also be responsible for overall coordination between projects in achieving planned outputs, producing progress and financial reports and be responsible for the effective implementation of the project. The project coordinator will be supported by an M&E associate to ensure results based monitoring of the joint programme.

Administrative Agent:

The Multi-Partner Trust Fund Office (MPTF Office) of the UNDP serves as the Administrative Agent (AA) of the IWM Joint Programme. The AA is responsible for concluding Standard Administrative Arrangements (SAAs) with donor(s) and Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Participating UN Organizations. The AA is also responsible for reporting to the donor in line with SAA.

Recent Documents

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Key Figures
Funding Status
Participating Organizations are required to submit final year-end expenditures by April 30 in the following year; Interim expenditure figures are submitted on a voluntary basis and therefore current year figures are not final until the year-end expenditures have been submitted.
Total as of
Values in US$
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Funds with Administrative Agent
Contributions from Donors 7,828,817  
Interest and Investment Income (from Fund) 5,753  
Interest (from Participating Organizations) 0  
Refunds by Administrative Agent to Contributors -40,340  
Total source of funds   7,794,230
Transferred to Participating Organizations 7,750,529  
Refunds from Participating Organizations -34,684  
Administrative Agent Fee 78,288  
Direct Cost 0  
Bank Charges 97  
Total use of funds   7,794,230
Balance with Administrative Agent   0
As a percentage of deposits   0.0%
Funds with Participating Organizations
Transfers to Participation Organizations 7,750,529  
Total resources   7,750,529
Participating Organizations' Expenditure 7,715,845  
Refunds from Participating Organizations -34,684  
Total expenses     7,750,529
Balance with Participating Organizations   0
As a percentage of transfers   0%
Total Balance of Funds   0
As a percentage of deposits   0.0%
Delivery Analysis
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Administrative Agent Issues in Bangladesh

  • Ms. Pauline Tamesis, UNDP Country Director, Bangladesh, Email:
  • Ms. Blerta Cela, UNDP Assistant Country Director, Bangladesh, Email:

    Administrative Agent Issues in New York

    Multi-Partner Trust Fund Office (MPTF Office), Bureau of Management, United Nations Development Programme; Fax: +1 212 906 6990;  

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