Project Factsheet
Tools for » Growth with Decent Work for All
Project ID:00067208Description:MDGF-1928-H-TUR Growth with De
MDG Achievement Fund
Start Date *: 31 Dec 2008
MDGF Youth Employ & Migrant
End Date*: 2 Jan 2013
Country: Turkey Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   Multiple


The Joint Programme aimed at increasing access of vulnerable youths to decent employment, with a focus on young women and disadvantaged migrants. It also sought to improve level of formality and continuity once employed. The programme was the first of its kind and was built over an inclusive consultative process facilitated by the JP. Antalya is a high migration reception province, available jobs are limited and the income generation sector is mostly limited to tourism. A such, it was selected to serve as a pilot the initiative able to provide valuable inputs to policy makers and implementers that could be replicated in other provinces. 

The National Youth Employment Action Plan is the most important output of the UN Joint Programme at national level. It was developed and endorsed by the Government during the programme implementation period. The Action Plan encourages increasing “decent work” opportunities for young men and women through specific activities that the ISKUR (Turkish Employment Agency) will be implementing in the period 2011-2015 together with other governmental agencies.

Other activities at national level included enhancing the capacity and service areas of ISKUR (Turkish Employment Agency), Provincial Employment and Vocational Training Board; a situation analysis report titled “Structure of Rural Employment in Turkey”, and development of promotion and action plans to implement the Action Plan for relevant organizations through the workshop “Migration Management in Turkey”. 

At local level in Antalya, the programme supported various research and analysis initiatives, and mobilised local partners to improve the employability of youth migrating to Antalya, with a specific focus on women. It supported the development of the National Youth Employment Action Plan, as well as an exit Strategy to ensure sustainability of the progamme achievements. This included capacity building initiatives such as the training of nearly 3,000 Job and Occupation Counsellors (JOC); Trainings on Clustering; Labour Migration Management in Turkey and Employment Workshop; Workshop on Labour Market Analysis and Women’s Employment in Antalya. An additional 654 persons including 382 females (58%) received vocational training, and an additional 144 participants (50% women) received training in entrepreneurship. 

With its activities at both local and national level, the UN Joint Programme gave support to the effective implementation of employment, social inclusion and migration management policies favouring youth groups and women in particular.


Outcome 1:

A National Youth Employment Action Plan (NYEAP) prepared and adopted by ISKUR.


Outcome Achievements:

  • National Youth Employment Action Plan: The first “National Youth Employment Action Plan” in Turkey was prepared by the National Technical Team (NTT) formed under the UN Joint Programme with the participation of representatives from relevant government agencies, employers’ and workers’ organizations, academics and non-governmental youth organization.
  • “Structure of Rural Employment in Turkey”, a situation analysis report, was prepared for the purpose of incorporating issues related to the employment of rural youth into the National Youth Employment Action Plan.
  • The workshop “Migration Management in Turkey” was organized in order to identify the basic needs of migrant youth, support their employment and to ensure inclusion of this issue in the Action Plan. It also sought establish the link between migration management and youth employment, and the need for local policies from a global perspective.
  • The report “Occupational Outlook of Turkey” which included medium-term projections on population, labour force and employment up to the year 2020 was prepared.


Outcome 2:

Local authorities have the capacities and systems in place to increase employment of vulnerable youth including young women and migrants in Turkey’s top migration receiving city, Antalya.


Outcome Achievements:

  • Research initiatives included Research on Labour Market in Antalya; Antalya Labour Market Analysis; Identifying Priority Sectors in Antalya; Institutional Need Analyses; Evaluation of Training Programmes in Agriculture; baseline survey “Migration and Employment: Working Life at Central Antalya.
  • Strategy and Planning activities included: Clustering Analyses and Strategic Road Maps; Sectoral Analysis and Development Plans; Clustering Business Plan; Identification and Planning of Vocational Training Courses; Rural Employment and PEVTB;
  • Conducted activities to mobilize local partners to improve the employability of youth migrating to Antalya, with a specific focus on women. Through both National Youth Employment Action Plan and Sustainability and exit Strategy of the Joint Programme.
  • Capacity Building Programmes included Training of 2,817 Job and Occupation Counsellors (JOC); Trainings on Clustering; Labour Migration Management in Turkey and Employment Workshop; Workshop on Labour Market Analysis and Women’s Employment in Antalya.
  • Training courses delivered covered the following topics: Effective Access, Matching and Job Placement Services in Job Counselling; Activities Conducted in Antalya by the FAO in the Field of Rural Development and Employment and Successful Practices at International Level; Sector Development and Economic Development; Basic Life Skills for Migrant Youth and Service Delivery Sensitive to Gender and Disadvantaged Groups; Statistical Data Literacy; Institutions and Agencies in Antalya.
  • Study visits were conducted to Austria and Slovenia in March 2011 to support the National Technical Team through introducing good practices in employment policy making to contribute to the process of drafting the National Youth Employment Action Plan.
  • Vocational Trainings identification of occupations for which there was higher labour demand in Antalya labour market. Following this, the Joint Programme provided support to ??KUR’s vocational training courses. Some of the topics covered include “Sick and elderly Care”, “Office Work” and “Job as a Cashier”. As of October 2012, 654 persons including 382 females (58% of total beneficiaries) took part in these courses in 14 different areas.
  • In addition, 144 participants half of whom were females were given training in entrepreneurship in 2011.


Best Practices

  • The National Youth Employment Action Plan (NYEAP) was nominated by social partners and the government of Turkey as one of the national best practices in employment policy in Turkey at the G-20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting in Mexico in May 2012, a remarkable example of ownership.
  • A very effective coordination between the national and local levels has to shape training and capacity building activities, supported through with research done at local level. In this context, each UN Agency supported comprehensive and coherent joint program strategy at the local level in line with their area of engagement. 
  • The Programme was implemented with gender and rights perspectives, and designed for the local context and closely collaborate with the local bodies at all times. This cooperation and inclusion modality has proven to be fruitful on implementation, outputs and results levels. 


Lessons Learned

  • Strong collaboration and effective communication within joint programme partners through all processes from the design to implementation delivers results. Continuous feedback mechanism from beneficiaries and relevant local stakeholders also plays an important role for defining effective activities, in addition, having the ability to adopt changes to respond to local priorities is critical for long term commitment from the local stakeholders.
  • Coherent technical support from UN agencies in the areas of their expertise is key. Furthermore, facilitating the process by involving all relevant parties from beginning to the end and encouraging the decision-making based on full consensus among National Technical Team members resulted in strong ownership and promotion of the National Youth Employment Action Plan (NYEAP). 
  • In most free-market economies, the private sector is where most jobs exist. Therefore, in addition to public agencies, NGOs and academia; it is also important to ensure the representation of private sector while designing and implementing employment generating activities. 
  • While designing a JP, roles and responsibilities of each UN Agency, as well as the sequence of activities, should be planned well to ensure a coherent programme management and coordination mechanism that allow for continuous exchange and helps monitor progress.  
  • Some level of flexibility in approaches and targets is critical since in many instances the context in which the JP is designed and in which it is implemented can be very different. 
  • The planning and implementation process of the JP, particularly comprehensive and multilateral partnership structure entailing local and national levels has been the major element for the achievement of the objectives. 


More details can be found in the final project report below.

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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Turkey or the lead agency for the programme.

The persons with GATEWAY access rights to upload and maintain documents for the programme:

  • Halide Caylan, RC Officer; Telephone: 90 312 4541087; Email:
  • Esra Ulukan, Programme Finance Associate; Telephone: (90 312) 454 1121; Email:; Skype: esra.ulukan.undp
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