Project Factsheet
Tools for » PBF/EMER/9 Return, Relocation and Reintegration Support to IDPs and IDP-Affected Communities in Timor-Leste
Project ID:00071164Description:PBF/EMER/9 IDPs in Timor-Leste
Peacebuilding Fund
Start Date *: 3 Jun 2009
PBF Immediate Response
End Date*: 30 Sep 2010
Country: Timor-Leste Project Status: Operationally Closed
  Participating Organization:   Multiple

Project Description:

Over the past year, more than 12,000 (approximately 72,000 people) of an estimated 21,000 families displaced as a result of the civil unrest in 2006/7, have returned or resettled. Approximately 900 families remain in IDP camps, whilst a significant few remain in transitional shelter. A noteworthy number of communities face serious challenges to stability and sustainable return and reintegration. Despite much progress made toward the initial return and reintegration of the displaced since January 2008, significant challenges to sustained peace and stability of the country remain. Unresolved land and property issues, social jealousy, limited access to basic resources, and remaining deep-rooted tensions and/or divisions within communities could conspire to destabilise the current situation. Currently both IOM and UNDP are facing funding shortages that, if unaddressed, would result in a substantial decrease in assistance to the Government and communities during this key juncture in the return and reintegration process. Efforts to date to that end have been constrained by the perception that the speed and success of the return process signifies an end to the post-crisis environment. Further, with the decrease in oil prices, the Government is facing additional constraints with regard to the available fiscal envelope, in view of the fact that oil revenue is by far the most significant source of income to Timor-Leste’s State Budget.


Main Goal:

To lay the foundations for peace and social stability in Timor-Leste in the wake of the return/relocation of IDPs displaced in the 2006/7 civil unrest.

Immediate Objective:

Phase I:

1.  To foster coexistence and reconciliation between IDPs and their recipient communities; 

2.  To find durable and viable resettlement solutions for those currently resident in remaining camps and transitional housing;

3.  To strengthen Government capacity at the national and local level for addressing the consequences and root causes of displacement; and

4.  To support the Government in developing necessary policies and plans to address outstanding demands from IDPs and former IDPs for compensation of assets lost in the 2006/7 crises

Phase II:

  1. To foster coexistence and reconciliation between IDPs and their recipient communities in areas demonstrating persistently high levels of tension;
  2. To consolidate gains made in Government capacity at the national and local level to assist communities to address potential conflicts through non-violent means through continued provision support from a network of practitioners.
  3. To strengthen Government capacity to address the consequences and root causes of displacement; and
  4. To assist the Government in the equitable implementation of programmes developed in phase I to address outstanding demands from IDPs and former IDPs for compensation of assets lost in the 2006/7 crises.


Outputs/Key Activities:

In line with the 2009-2013 UNDAF Outcome 1, relating to the consolidation of social cohesion in the country, and in order to assist the Government to address immediate threats to stability, particularly in still-fragile communities of origin, this project will support the Government in short-term mediation/dialogue and longer-term community-based conflict resolution and peace-building initiatives.   In addition, the project is linked to UNDAF Outcome 2.1, whereby vulnerable communities, particularly IDPs, disaster-prone communities, women and youth, benefit from opportunities for sustainable livelihoods.  The Project builds upon ongoing initiatives by UNDP and IOM to assist the Government and will provide technical input into the further development and implementation of the Government’s National Recovery Strategy.

Proposed activities have been divided into two six-month phases, with the first entailing more field-level support to the Ministry of Social Solidarity (MSS). The Second six-month phase would continue this support in some instances coupled with a focus on capacity development of key Government counterparts, such as the Dialogue teams, as these will be fully incorporated into the MSS structure by the end of the first phase.

The need for continued grass-roots support to sustainable return and reintegration is widely recognised within the Government mandated inter-agency ‘Trust-building Working Group’. The Minister of Social Solidarity and other counterparts have been consulted, endorse, and are very supportive of UNDP and IOM’s continued engagement in this important area. The President of the Republic has similarly acknowledged the need for in-depth community engagement.  Local authorities and other partners place high value on efforts to enhance the capacity of Ministry staff so that they can assume increasing responsibility for oversight, planning and implementation of peace-building and conflict mitigation initiatives.


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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Timor-Leste or the lead agency for the programme.

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