Project Factsheet
Tools for » Maintreaming HIV/AIDS educatioN in formal and non- formal education sectors
Project ID:00073494Description:Maintreaming HIV/AIDS educatio
Viet Nam One Plan Fund II
Start Date *: 31 Dec 2009
OP 2006 Social Services
End Date*: 30 Jun 2012
Country: Viet Nam Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Sc

In order to deliver sound HIV , prevention education programmes it , is necessary that key departments such as Student Affairs Department  (focal department for HIV),  Secondary Education Department, Teachers' Department, Planning and Finance Department and others collaborate. This is not happening in a structured way at this moment as found by the mapping study done by the UN. The Interdepartmental Committee is the mechanism for coordination. Defining and agreeing on a strategy will support its functioning.

 Prevention programmes with young learners don't have optimal results if stigma & discriminative behaviours with adults and parents. These behaviours hinder the implementation of prevention programmes in schools and even deny access to school for children affected by AIDS.

In middle income countries, efforts  need to be made to reach large  number of people quickly with development to address prevention, care and treatment.  However, stigma is one of the major challenges to do so. Pervasive stigma  has hindered efforts to combat the  HIV epidemic. The notion that HIV/AIDS only afflicts certain subgroups with certain socially undesirable or morally unacceptable behaviors continues to attach a stigma to those with HIV and keeps the definition of who is at risk exceedingly narrow. Negative perceptions build a formidable barrier to taking steps critical to prevention, such as sex education, voluntary HIV testing, and open communication between sex partners about sexual history and practicing safe sex.

By focusing on reducing stigma and discrimination, the project addresses one of the major issues hindering an up scaled HIV response in middle income countries.This programme will contribute to national development achieving MDG 6 "Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases" and in , particular Target 1: Have halted by the MDGs, other 2015 and begun to reverse the international treaty spread of HIV/AIDS. MDG 6 is the obligations, and  likely to achieve. Prevention is still seen as the key intervention to stop  HIV since treatment can not catch up with the number of new infections.

 Working with a comprehensive and integrated strategy within the MOET administration will help to better focus prevention efforts and better prepare young people in schools. Fighting stigma and discrimination is a condition for prevention programmes to be effective and also support access to treatment, care and support for people affected by HIV.

The UN General Assembly, of which Vietnam is a member, adopted the 'Political declaration on HIV/AIDS'. The programme here proposed contributes particularly to achieving the commitments made under article 22: "Reaffirm that the prevention of HIV infection must be the mainstay of national, regional and international responses to the pandemic, and therefore commit ourselves to intensifying efforts to ensure that a wide range of prevention programmes that take account of local circumstances, ethics and cultural values is available in all countries, particularly the most affected countries, including information, education and communication, in languages most understood by communities and respectful of cultures, aimed at reducing risk-taking behaviors and encouraging responsible sexual behavior, including abstinence and fidelity; expanded access to essential commodities, including male and female condoms and sterile injecting equipment; harm-reduction efforts related to drug use; expanded access to voluntary and confidential counselling and testing; safe blood supplies; and early and effective treatment of sexually transmitted infections."

The programme will assist MOET to  fulfill its role assigned in "The National Strategy on HIV/AIDs prevention by 2010 and the vision to  2020" which directs the overall response in Vietnam and requests explanation and reference to the MOET to "incorporate HIV/AIDS  knowledge and skills into teaching  in universities, colleges, secondary schools, vocational education and general education in the respect of individual suitability" by providing a strategy to address these issues in a comprehensive and coordinated manner.

The HIV law (article 4, para 4, p. 6) from 2006 broadens the role of the MOET by assigning it as the prime responsible government agency for HIV prevention and control in the national education system. In 2008, the MOET issued Directive 61 on Strengthening HIV prevention in education sector which helps to enhance the implementation of the HIV law in the field of education. The directive emphasizes the importance of education sectors at all levels in the fight against HIV and in the reduction of HIV-related stigma and discrimination. With an adequate coordination strategy and the work on stigma and discrimination with adults, the MOET can fulfil its role assigned by the HIV law and fulfil its commitment as indicated in Directive 61.

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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Viet Nam or the lead agency for the programme.

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