Project Factsheet
Tools for » Expert group meeting on consolidating systems in UN managed financing schemes to track allocations/expenditures for gender and GBV and follow-up and implementation in selected countries
Project ID:00073809Description:UNA005 Gender Marker roll out
UN Action Agst Sexual Violence
Start Date *: 15 Jan 2010
UN Action Against Sexual Viole
End Date*: 13 Feb 2011
Country: United Nations Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   OCHA - OCHA Office for Humanitarian A

Tracking expenditures for gender equality programming including multi-sectoral programmes to address gender-based violence in humanitarian action has been called for by recent resolutions 1820, 1888 and 1889 and is long overdo.  If the UN and partners are called on to strengthen gender/gbv programmes it is imperative to know what funds are being allocated to gender and gbv projects.  Marker systems have been used by OECD/DAC and UNDP and UNFPA.  UNICEF is currently developing a similar tracking system.

Efforts to track allocations for gender/gbv work in the humanitarian arena have been more ad hoc with occasional retrospective assessments of CAP project funding. UNICEF reviewed support to GBV projects in the CAP in 2006 and more recently UNIFEM conducted a review of CAPs in 23 post-conflict countries and found that only 2.3% of them addressed gender issues - either by including women as major beneficiaries or by addressing GBV. This was a word search based review of CAP project titles which will underestimate projects that do address gender equality or specifically target women/girls’ or men/boy access to humanitarian assistance and support.  While imperfect this analysis does indicate a small amount of support for gender equality programmes. 

By better understanding how project developers include gender/gbv in CAP, CERF and CHFs projects, the humanitarian community would have a more direct measurement of who receives or is impacted by humanitarian protection and assistance. The gender marker would track allocations for gender and gbv and further measure the degree to which these projects were funded.

In summary, a gender marker can measure the amount of financial resources that are allocated to gender-related programming. It can also improve the design of humanitarian programmes to meet the needs of women, girls, boys and men equally and identify where technical support needs. More is needed to monitor the implementation of programmes and ensure they achieve their stated outcomes.  Efforts are underway to improve monitoring and evaluation of the CAP and the gender marker is one way to contribute to that process.

In June 2009,  the CAP sub-working group endorsed a proposal from the IASC SWG to pilot a gender marker.  A soft roll out of the marker took place in 4 countries (DRC, Ethiopia, Pakistan, and Zimbabwe) during the fall of 2009 Additionally both the CERF and the CHFs have reviewed and endorsed the piloting of a marker.  The Peace building fund is also reviewing how it can establish such a marker.

Therefore to capture the experiences of the pilots and to bring the UN system to a coordinated way of moving forward to establish the gender marker in the CAP and other financing schemes,  an expert group meeting is required.

This proposal, therefore proposes to host a 2-day inter-agency consultation on the gender marker and follow it up with support to several field locations prioritizing conflict related countries to further pilot and bring the marker to a final stage for the 2011 CAP and Cerf cycles.  It is proposed to bring together 30 experts including GenCaps.  UN agencies representatives will be invited as well as some experts on humanitarian financing schemes. 

The consultation will include a review of the pilot experiences in the roll out countries to gather information on what worked and what did not.  CAP experts will present on the Financial Tracking System and advancements on monitoring and evaluation of the CAP.  The Draft Guidance Note on the Gender Marker will be reviewed and updated clearly describing how to track funding for the multi-sectoral programmes to address sexual violence and gender mainstreaming.  The roll out plan for instituationalising the gender marker will be finalized. 


Project results

Implementation Constraints

Documented comprehensively on pages 20-22 of Gender Marker in CAPs and Pooled Funds: Analysis of Results and Lessons Learned, referenced above. Key constraints include: implementing the GM in diverse and taxing contexts (e.g. in highly insecure environments through remote programming, in countries with very low gender equality indexes, few humanitarian resources, vast geographic areas etc); resistance from cluster coordinators or other humanitarian actors who should be GM champions; resistance to collecting and strategically using SADD especially in child nutrition and child health; weak protection mainstreaming across clusters which reduces the effectiveness of GBV prevention and response; the short intensive timeframe for CAP and other appeal preparation; and the challenge of guiding several teams in different countries to assign gender codes consistently. These constraints have been documented and discussed at the 2011 stakeholder consultation and are being considered in current action planning.

Inter-Agency Collaboration

GenCap Advisers report that GenCap Steering Committee members who are HQ members of cluster lead agencies have been very facilitative in engaging in-country cluster coordinators and teams. Country reports also document excellent collaboration by OCHA CAP and PF management teams, by most HCs, and by most cluster coordinators and their respective UN agency teams. Outstanding allies and champions within the UN system (as well as less engaged agencies/clusters) were identified in the country-specific and 12-country implementation reports.

Inter-agency collaboration enhanced results in several ways. Some examples: welcoming GenCap and GM presentations and dialogue on gender issues in inter-cluster fora, in national and district CAP workshops and in HCT meetings. Inter-agency collaboration also facilitated gender equality being identified as a country-level priority in CHAPs and as part of project selection criteria. Also critical, inter-agency collaboration facilitated relevant data from gender analysis being highlighted in country-level narratives describing the humanitarian context and the strategic response.

The Protection Cluster was one of the two clusters with the highest percentage of Code 2 projects: evidence of the collaboration the Protection Cluster teams invested in the GM as well as a clear indication of the relevance of the GM to the Protection Cluster and its AORs, including the GBV AOR.

Other Cross-Cutting Issues and Themes

GenCaps facilitated the GM implementation with an active focus on gender equality and other cross-cutting issues. In African CAPs and PFs, there was special emphasis on the gender issues in HIV-AIDs; in oPt, a series of GM presentations were co-facilitated with MAP-UK to bring focus to disability issues; gender dimensions of environmental impact were actively facilitated by some GenCaps with special emphasis on water, fuel and shelter material concerns; and HelpAge materials were part of the GenCap reference materials used during their GM roll-out.


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