Project Factsheet
Tools for » CHF Som LIVLHD/2010ER/OCHA-NGO
Project ID:00077378Description:CHF Som LIVLHD/2010ER/OCHA-NGO
Somalia Humanitarian Fund
Start Date *: 20 Jan 2011
End Date*: 31 Dec 2015
Country: Somalia Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   NGO/OCHA - NGO implementation/OCHA

CHF-DMA-0489-038ER “Emergency drought mitigation measures for vulnerable Agropastoral and pastoral households from the effects of drought in Jalalaqsi” – 114,980 $

Because of the la Nina phenomena the Deyr rains in large part of Somalia have failed. Hiraan got in some areas 2% of the normal rain and there is general crop failure on the non irrigated areas and the (agro) pastoralists are forced to leave the normal grazing areas in search of water and fodder. The river levels are lower than normal and because of the rain failure upstream, this situation in not expected to improve, especially  the Shabelle river is expected to stay low, cash crops are expected to be highly affected. (Somalia Drought Watch, November 2010).

WOCCA Survey, conducted in December 2010 (attached) showed skinny and dying cattle in Hiraan region. The water points like shallow wells berkads and water catchments are also dried up. There are no public water points available at this moment in the villages that are targeted in this project. For the livestock sector the problems are the reduced availability of grazing land. This leads to reduced food due to overgrazing in combination with reduced access to water and in the end weaker livestock body condition and therefore high livestock mortality rates and at the same time low livestock prices.

To counter these problems, WOCCA wants to address the water shortage by giving out water vouchers to (agro) pastoralists that can be redeemed for water for the time of 1 month for now. If the drought prolongs, follow up action needs to be undertaken.

WOCCA plans to target the most vulnerable agro pastoral households with a water vouchers system in 5 villages in Jalalaqsi. The access to water with the voucher system is simply a mechanism to provide water to cattle through vouchers issued indicating the amount of water to be provided by water vendors while embracing the benefits of the informal banking system i.e. money vendors. This system allows communities, through the voucher to pay for their own supply of water and adds on numerous other gains such as eliminating intermediaries and the paying water that has already purchased for their use.


CHF-DMA-0489-039ER “Emergency livelihood support to the vulnerable drought affected pastoralist in Bulaburte district of Hiran region” – 114,987.82$

The absence of Dayr rain in Hiran region, the pasture availability has become very scarce and in most pastoral zones grazing land has depleted, water sources has dried up, these combined factors led to the decline of animal body conditions, old and weak ones to die, and in some areas increased livestock mortality, low market demand and low market price of the animals. The other un ignorable fact of this pastoralist community is that there is increasing cost of livestock watering since most of the water sources such as Shallow wells, berkads have dried up. All these multiplied factors created a humanitarian catastrophe in the entire regions of Hiran but badly hit in Maxaas and its surrounding villages where there is no kind of humanitarian assistance for the past GU and Pre-Gu seasons. The immediate needs of these drought affected people in Aboorey (960 individuals), Beero- yabaal (690), Dib-ugal (720), Jujuule (1,080),Moqokori (810) and Sagal-geed (630) is emergency provision of water to save their lives. Most of these people in the above 6 big villages of Bulaburte are internally displaced traditional pastoralist who escaped with their few remaining livestock.

Emergency interventions to support the drought affected pastoralist is necessary to halt the stripping of the situation into uncontrollable condition. This project proposal aims to provide water to 4,890 vulnerable drought affected individuals of which 2,140 male and 2,750 female in order to save their lives and their remaining weak livestock. RRP will:

1. Select a total of 4,890 individuals and a total of their livestock: 28,525 goats and 4,075 camels.

2. Issue serialized vouchers to give the targeted pastoralists so that they will take to the water supplier when fetching water.

3. Make agreement with the water suppliers and money vender. Thus the selected the water supplier will only give water to those who present vouchers as far as this agreement is concerned and the water agent take the vouchers to the chosen money vendor for payment, then the money vendor submit the paid vouchers to RRP and

4. Finally, RRP validates vouchers by double checking the information on the vouchers and pay back the money to the Money vendor.                               


CHF-DMA-0489-040ER “Emergency Drought Response, Bulo Burto District, Hiran, Somalia” – 100,000$

Bulo Burto district of Hiran Region continues to be in humanitarian emergency due to the Deyr 2010/11 season rain failure that has deteriorated further the situation. The district is experiencing six consecutive rainy season failure resulting in poor pasture and limited water availability. FSNAU has reported in its 2010 post Gu Analysis that 69% of the local populations in Bulo Burto are both in Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis (AFLC) and in humanitarian emergency (HE).On the other hand, pastoral, agro pastoral and riverine communities are increasingly facing crop failure and poor food production as the 2010 Deyr season draws on.

Bulo Burto pastoralist, agro-pastoral and riverine situation is worsened by constant conflicts that resulted displacements and droughts that intensified as Deyr 10/11 season rains failed. These have been another burden to drought affected communities’ resilience to resist and recover from the shocks. If not receive a support on time with appropriate intervention.

SAMRADO and HARDO's needs assessment in this region indicate that whereas the situation is getting dire with each passing day, the communities are struggling to provide for themselves as well as ensure that they continue to preserve their asset base (livestock and farm production).To build on this existing capacity and will of the vulnerable to survive the drought, HARDO and SAMRADO is proposing to conduct two months drought response project to address two major needs. First, the project will meet rehabilitating existing canals and water catchments through cash for work. This will then address the second need-poor household incomes and poor access to credit. The use of cash for work is ideally meant to provide incomes to households. However it will also help the communities prepare their irrigation canals and water sources for the next rain season hence achieving a dual purpose of increasing purchasing power and improving the existing community asset base.

The activities that are proposed to tackle and address the needs are:

1. SAMRADO will conduct the rehabilitation and expansion of 3 water catchments in Bulo Burto District through desalting and digging.

2.  HARDO will conduct the rehabilitation of 5canals through cash for work to increase household incomes.                                                                                                                                                       


CHF-DMA-0489-041ER “Fodder provision emergency support to drought affected communities in Buloburte and Jalalaqsi district.                ” – 199,999.56$

The predicted la Niña is currently affecting Hiran region compounded with failure of Gu and Deyr 2010 rainfall as well as recurrent conflicts in the region. The food and livelihood security of agropastoral and pastoral are deteriorated due to above mentioned factors which reduced poor household’s income from crop and livestock sales. The lack of good harvest and frequent confrontations left the communities in dire need of urgent livelihood interventions.

After consultation with subsistent farmers along the Shabelle river, agropastoral and pastoral in rain fed area, the SOADO field team and drought response committee in Buloburte and Jalalaqsi decided to mobilize the communities to preparation protection package for the core breeding animals, because the dry spell will be long and harsh, without supplementary feeding of animals, the core breeding animal will be impossible to protect them and many pastorals will lose their livelihood assets.

This project is response to the drought by supplying animal feed to the drought affected agropastoral and pastorals poor households in order to protect their core breeding animals and their livelihood assets. It intends to support 110 of riverine for fodder production, 2120 agropastoral and pastoral households for fodder distribution in agropastoral and pastoral livelihood zones.  The activities to be implemented under this project are:

1. Production of fodder in riverine and distribution of forage to agropastoral/pastoral livelihood zones. Subsistent Farmers along the riverbank, who has 5ha of idle land will be engaged to produce fodder in agreement with SOADO developed terms and it will be provided farm inputs ( planting cost, fuel voucher for irrigating forage crop) and production cost. 

2. Provision of emergency feeding to animals (maize stove or grasses) to respond the immediate need of pastorals in order to protect core breeding animals.


CHF-DMA-0489-042ER “Emergency Drought Response Project for Abudwak District, Galgaduud Region” – 100,000$

In Cabudwaq, FSNAU Post Gu 2010 assessment reported that 8,000 people were in Humanitarian Emergency (HE) while 9,000 people were in Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis (AFLC). All these people are pastoralists who live in Cabudwak district.

Despite the crisis in the earlier Post findings, the pastoralists expected to recover from the crisis sparked by spells of drought with the hope of the good Deyr rains; however, Deyr rains failed completely in the target area. In addition to the above-mentioned people in humanitarian crisis, the failure of the Deyr rains has even caused the situation to be worse as the condition became critical for the better-off households who expected to consolidate the gains they made in Gu 2010.

The lives of these pastoralists are now in danger due to the expected long dry spell which may render most of them destitute. The situation demands for an urgent intervention in order to save the lives of the destitute pastoral households and their assets. Therefore, the aim of this project is to:

- Provide water to the destitute and vulnerable pastoral communities and their livestock in order to mitigate the disastrous effects of the drought.

- Reduce the unbearable miles human and their livestock trek in search of water to the far water points. - To facilitate the availability of water for families and their animals at water points close to the grazing fields or fields with still little pasture remaining.

- To reduce the amount of money households spend on water and hence enable them spend more on food and the livelihood needs.

- To strengthen the existing coping mechanisms by facilitating the purchase of water from the local traders through the voucher for water system.


 The project will have two effects: First, this intervention will enhance the circulation of local currency and boost the economy. Secondly, the poor pastoralists and the livestock will realize enhanced access to water for a period of a month. This intervention, which PASOS proposes will:

- Ensure access and availability of water for 1329 pastoral households and 53160 goats and sheep and 7392 cows belonging to the households.

- Enable beneficiaries’ access water from the commercial traders involved in water trucking through the voucher system.

- Allow the vulnerable pastoralists, who have already compromised food intake to meet water demands, spend more on food expenditure as water demands will be met by PASOS.                                       


CHF-DMA-0489-043ER “Emergency Assistance to drought affected populations in Galgaduud region, Central Somalia” – 198,000$

Following to the consecutive droughts, Galgaduud region has a chronic insufficiency of food and the regions are still classified by FSNAU as being in acute food and livelihood crisis. As per Nov-Dec 2010 SI post-project intervention assessments in pastoral and agro-pastoral areas, the reported good Gu rain performance did not have the expected impact on local population livelihoods (15-20% losses of crops)  and the population is still in acute food and livelihoods crisis, with a projected worsening of the situation in the coming months, as the Dyer rains are not performing well and it is expected that the drought condition will worsen following to the confirmed La Nina phenomenon.

With above conditions present it is expected that the situation of vulnerable populations in Galgaduud will remain critical and will further deteriorate in the coming months if communities do not receive any meaningful immediate assistance to support their livelihoods and mitigate the impact of the coming drought condition.

To address these needs Solidarités International proposed to undertake a two (2) months emergency response project in Galgaduud (Adado and Abudwaq districts) to enhance food security to 12000 direct beneficiaries and their livestock through animal health vaccination campaigns and water access via voucher distribution). 


CHF-DMA-0489-044ER “Gedo Drought Response Project” – 349,960$

"There are clear indications that the humanitarian situation in Gedo region is worsening as a result of below average precipitation caused by La Nina meteorological phenomenon. The failure of the Deyr rains is demonstrated by failed crops and severe crop and pasture shortages in most key pastoral zones in the region causing deterioration of livestock body condition. Due to critical climatic conditions, abnormal migration of livestock, mainly small ruminants, is going on and livestock body conditions is have started to weaken especially for cattle and lactating animals.

Besides, the food security conditions in the entire region have also started to deteriorate with a significant negative impact on crop, livestock body conditions and overall market performance. 

The situation presently demands for urgent intervention to mitigate the impact of the drought in order to protect the assets of the vulnerable pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in the region. The proposed intervention which targets Bardera, Lukh, Burdhuubo, Bullahawa, Garbaharey and Elwak intends:

- To increase the availability of water to 1570 (9420 persons) vulnerable agro-pastoral and pastoral families and livestock through water trucking and distribution of water through voucher system.

- To increase the availability of water in areas with pasture in order to save breeding livestock, especially cattle and shoats, from the drought. The project will support 15,700 cattle and 62,700 shoats by providing 25,434 barrels of water (1,206,900) in areas with pasture. This will reduce distances livestock trek for water and pasture.

- To improve the production and availability of fodder through increased fodder irrigation by river farmers along the JUBA and DAWA rivers in Gedo region. The project will supply 2100kg of Sorghum valgare var or Sudanese seeds to 700 farmers to ensure that every farmer cultivates 1ha of land surface with Sudan Grass.

- Enhance preparedness through the de-silting of 10 communal water catchments in pastoral and agro-pastoral areas in the region. This is aimed at providing 26 days of job opportunities to 1596 households and hence facilitate access to water, food and other needs.


CHF-DMA-0489-045ER “Emergency Drought Mitigation to vulnerable Agropastoral and Pastoral households from the effects of drought in Adan Yabaal in Middle Shabelle” – 135,000$

According to Swalim/FSNAU Somalia Drought Watch November Bulletin (Issued 09-12-2010), Somalia is likely to be the hardest hit by La Nina, with poor grazing conditions and many water sources drying up, forcing pastoralists to go in search of water and fodder. Water points like shallow wells, water catchments and berkhads are drying up in Adan Yabaal, Middle Shabelle Region. This will lead to catastrophic problems for the agropastoral communities of Adan Yabaal. Livestock in this area face high mortality rates due to reduced availability of grazing land and reduced access to water ( Which is mentioned in the Position paper under possible consequences on livestock production)

To counter these problems, WOCCA wants to address the water shortage by giving out water vouchers that can be redeemed for water for the time of 1 month for now. If the drought prolongs, follow up action needs to be undertaken.

Because of the lack of rain, all water sources in the villages have dried. Wocca want to do a water voucher distribution that will supply water to the cattle in need of water and after purchasing the water, the vendors will get money for the vouchers. The target population is the agropastoral community, since it is expected that the water will increase the survival rate of the cattle once the goats have access to more water.

 Reduced access to water will also cause problems, therefore WOCCA plans to target the most vulnerable households with a water vouchers system in 10 villages in Jalalaqsi. The access to water with the voucher system is simply a mechanism to provide water to beneficiaries through vouchers issued indicating the amount of water to be provided by water vendors while embracing the benefits of the informal banking system i.e. money vendors. This system allows communities, through the voucher to pay for their own supply of water and adds on numerous other gains such as eliminating intermediaries and the paying water that has already purchased for their use.                                                                          


CHF-DMA-0489-046ER “Emergency fodder provision and drought response activities in Lower and Middle Shabelle” – 249,550$

It is known that Somalia is facing the severe consequences of La Niña, in fact the short rains of the Deyr season were either below the average or completely absent in most of Somalia. According to last FSNAU Press Release, to SWALIM Drought Watch, and to the Ag.&Liv. Cluster Drought Response Paper, grazing conditions are poor throughout Central Somalia with many water sources already drying up. This situation led to an abnormal migration of pastoralists with their livestock to Middle and Lower Shabelle looking for water and pasture. In the Shabelle Regions water for the livestock is easily available thanks to the river, but vegetation is now very scarce because of the missing Deyr rains, so the few pasture that is now available will finish soon due to overgrazing and to the drought. Furthermore, in this Deyr all the rain fed cultivations failed because of absence of rain, and only the farmers that are cultivating along the Shabelle river and that are using its water to irrigate the field crops actually have stoves to address the agropastoralists and pastoralists big demand of fodder. Thus the availability of cereals stoves will get exhausted and will be not enough to feed all the livestock concentrated in the area up to the first Gu rains that will hopefully arrive in April regenerating vegetation and pasture; if actions will not be undertaken, conflicts will arise over the scarce livestock feeding resources and there will be a high livestock mortality.

The proposed Project intends to undertake emergency fodder provision and distribution activities in Lower and Middle Shabelle in order to provide subsistence for the animals exactly where now there is a high concentration of livestock of agropastoralists and of pastoralists migrated for the high availability of water. After the identification, selection and registration of the most poor pastoralists and agropastoralists (HE and AFLC), Agrosphere local staff will give them vouchers that allow them to receive a certain amount (kg/bundles) of fodder depending on the number and type of animals owned. The fodder will be distributed in 4 locations of 2 different Regions: Ugunji, Daresalam and Awdeghle in Lower Shabelle, and Balcad in Middle Shabelle.

The most critical time will be the last period before the Gu rains, thus March and maybe the beginning of April. In this period the project will made available and distribute a considerable quantity of fodder in both Middle and Lower Shabelle. Six hundred hectares of sorghum forage variety will be cultivated with a multiple effect: provide subsistence for about 40,000 animals in the most critical period, provide new income for riverine farmers and agricultural workers that have just experienced respectively a widespread crop failure and a lack of job offers as consequence of the crop failure, reduce possible conflicts over resources. With this fodder production, 1,800 agricultural workers will receive a total income of 60 USD being employed in the fodder production, it means roughly the 90% of the MB.


CHF-DMA-0489-047ER “Emergency support to population affected by drought in Mudug” – 200,000$

Despite good rainfall performance during Gu  2010 Somalia is already experiencing another prolonged dry season due to the fact that 2010 Deyr has been characterized by lack of rains or very light rains in most of the central regions.

In the post Gu assessment issues in August  FSNAU indicated 40,000 individuals in AFLC and 22,000 individuals in HE in North Mudug (Jariban, Galdogob and Galkayo districts) and in October the situation started deteriorating due to the combination of  the lack or scattered rains affecting the livestock productivity and the light but constant increase of prices of many commodities. In the pastoral areas the fragile system has been quickly affected by the general worsening conditions, in fact with the decline of livestock conditions and animal’s productivity the related income have decreased. However the commodity whose price increases most in every prolonged dry season is water, currently price of water in some location in Mudug has already raised by 300-400% making access to water a huge challenge for most of the poor. In this context poor pastoralists having a small herd of 40 - 60 small ruminants are on the verge to drop out due to the fact that livestock mortality increases beyond 20% and livestock productivity drops down by 50-70%.  Being small ruminants the major livelihoods assets of vulnerable pastoralists VSF-G intends to intervening by protecting these livelihoods assets and supporting the vulnerable pastoralists households.

This intervention will increase the access to water for livestock with a voucher system that will enable vulnerable households to purchase water both in the settlements and in the grazing areas, furthermore this intervention will protect the livestock by increasing the health status of the flock through the provision of appropriate treatments to the animals such as internal and external parasites treatments and basic treatment of infection diseases. Finally this intervention will provide a donkey to the most vulnerable households not having any pack animal, in fact especially in grazing areas water trucking cannot reach the remote areas and the pastoralists with their flock reach a gathering point along the road where the water is drunk on the spot.


CHF-DMA-0489-048ER “Emergency Intervention to Save Lives and Livelihoods of Pastoral and Agro-pastoral Population in Elberde and Yet Districts in Bakool Region, who are in Humanitarian Emergency” – 149,970$

Bakool region is one of the hardly hit by multiple shocks such as recurrent conflicts/tribal fighting, prolong drought and crop failure that threaten the lives and livelihoods of the entire region and the pastoral and the agro-pastoral communities are not exceptional. Poor rains for the last two seasons (gu/deyr 2010) resulted in a severe shortage of water and pasture in the grazing land, hence, reduced the sorghum production in rain-fed areas, which is the only agricultural system that exists in the region. Similarly, crop failure in the rain-fed agricultural areas and the conflicts in some parts of the region as well as the fighting in Mogadishu and its surrounding regions increased the number of IDPs in the region's main towns. As a result, some members (mostly, father/adult male and any male child above 13 years in age) of many pastoralists (specially camel owners) migrated with their livestock out of the region and many crossed the border into Ethiopia for in search of water pasture; leaving behind the women, children and elderly people with some animals, such as, shoats and cows and these are among the groups most affected by the drought. Moreover, a large number of the pastoral and the agropastoral households, who, can NOT out-migrate with the animals, due to lack of pack animals are facing humanitarian emergency resulted by the dried up water points and the long distance to nearest water source available. In addition to the scarcity of water, poor/lack of pasture in the traditional grazing land and the long distance to the nearest source of water led to the death of many livestock, particularly, shoats and cattle. These challenges continue to bite hard the lives and livelihoods of the pastoral and agrioastoral communities in Elberde, Yed and Atto/Lehelow of Bakool region, hence, need emergency humanitarian intervention to save lives of many animals, especially, shoats and cows for the drought affected pastoral and agropastoral areas. 

JCC is humbled by plight and suffering of these communities and is proposing this emergency livelihood intervention of increasing livestock access to water via voucher system. Hence, upon identification of the beneficiaries each will be issued with a voucher to enable them access water for his/her livestock. Vouchers will be issued according to the number and species of livestock one owns and standard water requirements by species of animals owned. Meanwhile, the project will save lives and livelihoods of 16,450 (2,350) and their weak livestock (targeting 40 shoats and 10 cows per household). As a result of the out-migrated family members with some of their livestock amount the pastoral HH, majority of the target population (16,450) are women and children; 5,865 and 8,225 respectively and their livestock 70,000 and 6,000 shoats and cows respectively, standard water requirements by species of animals owned per HH                                                   


CHF-DMA-0489-049ER “Emergency Livelihood Support for Riverine Communities in Jamaame District” – 200,000$

Jamame District has an estimated population of 129,149. Crop farming is the primary source of livelihood and food security for the riverine populations. The district has borne the brunt of food insecurity and collapsed livelihoods with 20,000 of the rural population (19%) being classified in AFLC and HE. Maize crop harvest is expected to be below normal due to failed rains. Low river levels and lack of equipment limits irrigation farming. The area which had already experienced low crop production during the Gu season will retain an emergency food security phase. Sharp cereal price increases are already resulting from indications of reducing cereal supply. The agricultural workers who derive their income from crop production have lost their source of income and are among the most vulnerable groups in the agricultural areas. The gravity of the dire situation is underscored by the high levels of malnutrition with women and children being the hardest hit. Compared to other groups, the riverine groups do not have strong social support networks which come in handy in times of distress. Remittances which constitute a significant coping strategy during times of distress are limited. Consequently, people have only the negative coping mechanisms such as skipping meals and accumulating debts. Production levels will continue to be low and a worst case scenario is no production at all. The best case scenario would only be triggered by the restart of the rains thereby allowing a minimum level of production. Even then, there would be no immediate improvement in the food security situation.

Because of decreasing access to food due to increasing prices and deteriorating purchasing power, the priority is to inject income. Use of cash for work approach will ensure that key infrastructure such as river embankments and farms are rehabilitated. Some households in HE are particularly vulnerable because they are labor poor. These will benefit from cash relief. Each household will receive USD77 per month for two months ( 72 sq m per person per day). This distribution will therefore contribute to saving lives of affected household members by meeting their basic needs. 437 laborers will be engaged in river embankment repairs while 393 of them will clear farms. 100 more will be cash relief beneficiaries. In total 930 laborers will represent 930 beneficiary households in humanitarian emergency. It is expected that cash distribution will immediately rejuvenate the local market hence benefit many more than the households listed as direct beneficiaries. In addition, the support is expected to trickle down to double the number of direct beneficiaries through the somali social support or sharing. Once the farms are cleared, 300 vulnerable households will each be allocated one acre.  Other beneficiaries will include the more than 30,000 inhabitants of the riverine villages who will be spared the agony of widespread floods. Their crops in future will be protected from flood-related damage thereby improving food security and recovery.   


CHF-DMA-0489-050ER “Water voucher for livestock emergency drought response project on Sool region” - 125,000$

Following the poor performance of Deyr rains, browse and grazing conditions have significantly deteriorated in most parts of the Sool Region. As a result, shortange  of water and fodder for animal occured in key pastoral areas.  Extremely limited water and pasture availability are reported,and as a consequence, a massive livestock in-migration has taken place within and between neighboring regions.

A Rapid Assessment undertaken by SOMTRAG in Hudun and Las-Anod districts in December reported worsening livelihood situatuon for the pastoral population living in the districts of Hudun and Las-Anod (north). The assessment found that the pastoral communities' ability to meet basic needs in food and water has extremely detoriarated and were unable to sustain themselves during the long dry season ahead.  It is reported that water levels in such strategic wells in Hudun, Hol-Hol, Dogoble, etc. have considerably reduced and unable to support the large number of livestock that migrated in and around these strategic water sources.

The priority needs identified by the community in target locations include assistance in provision of food and water to safe lives of both human and animal, rehabilitation of water sources (Berkads, shallow wells) to improve both quality and quantities of water supply for the communities. Leadership structures in the pastoral communities that are responsible for the management of communities’ affairs and the natural resources do exist, however, lacking basic skills in governance, linkages and advocacy.


CHF-DMA-0489-051ER” Emergency drought response through Water supply to drought affected poor households in El-afweine and Erigavo Districts of Sanaag region” – 125,000$

Based on the needs assessment carried out by ADO from December  15 - 18, 2010 and FSNAU quarterly brief issued on December 16 2010 it had been reported that acute water shortages of the pastoral communities in Sanaag region due to the failure of the Deyr rains. In particular diminishing supply of water availability and depleted pasture had been observed in El Afweyn, Garadag and Erigavo districts of Sanaag region. At the moment, many pastoral households who depend on rainwater for both human and livestock consumption are undergoing severe droughts. The current drought has become a humanitarian crisis because distances between healthy pasture and water have greatly increased as a result of desertification.  Poor and middle wealth-group pastoralists are unable to walk the distance from water points to good pasture resulting in mass loss of livestock. As a result of the drought the percentage of saleable animals has started to decrease by 1-2% according to the field information given by community elders. Also the animal body condition is drastically deteriorating. There is increasing recognition that emergency responses need to take into account the livelihoods of the affected populations- not just ‘saving human lives’ but also ‘ protecting and strengthening livelihoods’. The protection and strengthening of livestock as a key livelihood asset is therefore central intervention of this project proposal which aims at intervention that limited disruption to long-term to livestock response in emergency situation. To respond timely for drought problems, ADO intention is to address  water shortage by supplying safe drinking water for animals and poor households through voucher system that can be convert for water for 1 month in order to  reduce negative consequence of the drought for the poor and vulnerable households.                                                                                               


CHF-DMA-0489-052ER “Emergency livelihoods support to vulnerable Agropastoral and pastoral households from the effects of drought in Beletweyne district of Hiraan region” - 115,000$

According to Swalim/FSNAU (July-Dec 2010), parts of central and south Somalia are the hardest hit by the La Niña, with poor grazing conditions and many water sources drying up, many pastoralists are forced to go in search of water and fodder. The few remaining water points like the shallow wells, water catchments and berkads (underground water tanks) are drying up in Beletweyne districts in Hiraan region. If emergency water supply is not received, this will lead to catastrophic problems for the communities of Hiraan and their livestock animals.

To address the extremely limited access to water, GEELO will provide vouchers to identified poor and vulnerable households to enable them access water from private suppliers. (60% of these households are Female headed households). Out of the six villages only one has a borehole that is functioning and the water supply is not adequate. The most vulnerable households will be provided with water vouchers to assist them collect water daily from temporary water storage facilities that will be provided by GEELO at strategic positions/locations for a period of 2 months. Though statistics might be limited, there is evident of gender disparity in women's access to water and pasture resulting from limited mobility, hence GEELO will include these beneficiaries in the water voucher and provide water.


CHF-DMA-0489-053ER “Emergency Animal Health Intervention Project For the Protection of livestock from Potentially devastating impact of the livestock disease for the poor Pastoralist and Agro-pastoralist households in Hiran Region  of Somalia” – 200,000$

Somalia, a least-developed country and a low-income food-deficit country, is one of the world’s most food insecure countries and particularly vulnerable to recurring natural and man-made disasters. In the pastoral and agro-pastoral areas of Sool, Sanaag, South Mudug, Galgaduud and Hiiran regions, communities are totally dependent on livestock production for their survival.

The combined effects of consecutive seasons of failed or poor rainfall, conflict, floods, rising inflation, displacement, and diarrheal disease outbreaks have severely exacerbated food insecurity and resulted in a significant increase in acute malnutrition rates. Since two years there has been a serious erosion of livelihoods, with consequent high levels of extreme poverty and destitution.  The epicenter of the humanitarian crisis is in Mudug, Galgadud, Hiran and Bakool regions of south and central Somalia, where there has been a two and a half year ongoing drought with up to 65% of the total population in crisis, of which most, or 73%, are in Humanitarian Emergency. The drought has intensified following five consecutive seasons of rain failure. Livestock herds are decimated and destitute pastoralists are gathering in main villages and towns in search of assistance. The nutrition situation is alarming, as most pastoral and agropastoral livelihoods in these areas are classified as Critical, with a risk to deterioration.

It is with this background in mind that CERELPA seeks to reduce the extent of human suffering by engaging in the mass treatment of livestock for wounds, internal and external parasites, bacterial infections.  The herds will be injected with multivitamins to improve their body condition and resilience. This will benefit 6,200 pastoralist and agropastoral pastoral households as well as 800,000 animals.                 


CHF-DMA-0489-054ER “"Emergency cash for work to rehabilitate strategic agricultural infrastructure for destitute flood and drought-affected riverine and agro-pastoral communities in Balet Weyne district” – 100,000$

Floods that occurred mid this year in Balet Weyne district destroyed crops, irrigation canals and underground storage facilities. This caused food insecurity and a hike in food prices. Farmers are not preparing for the planting season because they lack seed crops and also because of the drought; some farmers have already been displaced with others to follow, leaving the farms unattended. The current drought has made the situation worse since it has dried up pasture in rangelands leading to the death of livestock. Food is therefore not only scarce but also expensive.   For many of the agro and nomadic pastoralists and riverine communities and newly displaced living in this area, life is becoming increasingly difficult. With no access to the free food distributions, they attempt to survive by securing temporary menial jobs in the informal sector. Many residents of the villages in Balet Weyne depend on small scale business enterprises and subsistence farming for their income. These livelihood activities have been interrupted by the floods and current drought thus impacting negatively on the household incomes.

The project employs cash for work approach to supplement household incomes of the participants. Cash is a flexible resource and thus participants will be empowered to make decisions based on their household priorities.

Participants will work to rehabilitate canals and roads in exchange for cash. Mud, silt and vegetation will be cleared from the canals using tools contributed by the community. Damaged portions of the canals will be reconstructed to redirect the water flow to the canal; reinforcements of heavy sands will be placed on these weak spots to prevent future damage. A water slope will be formed to ensure water flows uninterrupted in the canal. The rehabilitated canal will provide an estimated 6082 farmers with access to irrigation infrastructure. The river embankments will be constructed using sand bags to prevent flooding and crop damage during heavy rains. The road will be cleared by draining out the existing water puddles and filling up the pot-holes; sand will be used to level out the road and drainage gulleys dug along the edges of the road. Once the road is cleared and rehabilitated, farmers will gain access to markets. Transport of goods and people will improve significantly.


CHF-DMA-0489-64ER “Emergency Access to Water for Drought-Affected Pastoralists in Hobyo, Haradheere and Adado Villages, South Central Somalia                ” - 374,678.87$

 South Central Somalia is currently suffering a drought of emergency proportions. In Galgadud and South Mudug regions, severe drought has affected the area for 6 consecutive seasons causing failed harvests leading to livestock deaths, migration of communities in search of water, and increasing malnutrition rates among children. All communities - pastoral, agro-pastoral, riverine, urban and coastal livelihood zones – are directly or indirectly dependent on rainfall for food through crop production and pasture and water for livestock. During the drought, a lack of potable water affects food quality and sanitation and thus people’s health, further stressing vulnerable households that struggle to meet their basic needs.

Save the Children in partnership with CPD carried out a Rapid Drought and Livelihood Assessment in the 3 Districts of Adado in Galgadud Region, and Hobyo and Haradhere Districts in south Mudug regions of Central Somalia, 5th-13th December 2010 (32 HHs and 32 villages in Hobyo, Adado and Haradhere). Respondents identified water sources in the drought and the effects the drought on their lives and their livestock. Water sources (berkhads and shallow wells) are drying up and people are ranging from 15Km-45Km to find water. There is an urgent need to undertake water provision given the current low levels of water available in Adado, Hobyo and Haradere districts.

Save the Children's strategy is to expand the humanitarian support into Galgaduud in 2011. They have been operational since 1992 in neighbouring Hiran and they will use the experience to support CPD as well as to increase the services available to the most vulnerable in the region.


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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Somalia or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

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