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Tools for » CHF Som WASH/2010ER/OCHA-NGOs
Project ID:00077405Description:CHF Som WASH/2010ER/OCHA-NGOs
Somalia Humanitarian Fund
Start Date *: 26 Jan 2011
Water and Sanitation
End Date*: 31 Dec 2011
Country: Somalia Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   NGO/OCHA - NGO implementation/OCHA

CHF-DMA-0489-55ER “Improvement of Water Access For Pastoralist Communities and Newly Displaced People in Galgaduud and Mudug Regions” – 136,937$

In 2010, Mudug and South Galgaduud regions have been affected by erratic Gu rainfall and a complete failure of the Deyr rains, following six consecutive failed rainy seasons in the preceding years. As a result, some shallow wells have dried out and others contain only crude salt-water, which is not fit for human or animal consumption; pasture has dried out as well. Findings from inter- agency assessments conducted in Mudug between 4 and 6 December 2010 show that approximately 6,540 households have been affected by the failure of the Deyr rains. Unconfirmed numbers of livestock have died, while many others are reported to be physically weak. The coping mechanisms of communities have been severely eroded. The situation is compounded by food inscurity, increased food prices and high malnutrition rates among children. According to the FSNAU post-Gu nutrition report, 44% of the population in Mudug were already in acute food and livelihood crisis, whereas 40,000 were in humanitarian emergency. This situation has eroded the gains made thanks to the Gu rains that replenished the water systems and improved grazing lands.                                                                                                      

An inter-agency assessment has revealed the extent of the scourge. The needs include acute water shortage for both people and livestock. Out of an average of 31582 indirect beneficiaries we identified specific categories of individuals in the Hobyo area (2946) that access less than 7.5 liters of water per person per day.  In the villages around Xarardere and El Dere 23376 IDPs (of which 9600 will be direct beneficiaries) meet difficulties to access the water points within the main towns due to the distance and the risk of overusing the existing sources. In addition the SW that supplies the health centre of El Dere run by CISP is in need of treatment in order to prevent water born diseases in the hospital.

Therefore in the 3 months immediately following the shock chlorination of the SW 7000 patients of the hospital will benefit from clean water supply in 2 months.


CHF-DMA-0489-56ER “Emergency Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Intervention for Conflict- and Disaster-Affected Populations in Somalia” – 246,199.19$

The harsh dry season that has been occasioned by the failure of the Deyr rains continues to affect many parts of Somalia, including Somaliland and Puntland. The situation is getting worse, to the extent that on 25 December, the Somaliland National Environment Research and Disaster Preparedness (NERAD) issued a press release announcing severe drought and water shortages in Somaliland.

In late December 2010, HAVOYOCO and Oxfam GB have done a rapid assessment in Sool and Togdheer which reports worrying critical conditions (see attached report). In response to the unfolding crisis, Oxfam GB intends to provide humanitarian activities in Sool and Togdheer regions in order to avert the looming crisis. According to FSNAU December 2010 report, the severely hit regions are Mudug, Galgadud, Hiiran, M.Shabelle, Bakool, Sool, Snaag, Bora, Gedo, Lower Juba and Middle Shabelle.

Based on this, Oxfam GB targets 40,000 people i.e. about 6,660 households in 11 villages by provision of water through water venders and a voucher management system, as well as the rehabilitation of 3 strategic boreholes in Sool region. The community will also be trained on safe hygiene and proper management of water system. At total of 14 WES committees (11 committees for villages and 3 for boreholes at 5 persons per village) will be identified and trained.


CHF-DMA-0489-57ER “Rapid Assistance for Drought-Affected People in Xarardheere District, Mudug” - 66,900$

A rapid assessment conducted by RAWA in Xarar dheere district shows that due to the failure of Deyr rains, the lives of human and livestock are at risk. Food and water are found to be very short in for human and livestock. Water sources have dried up as result of the recent failed rainy season and erratic rain in previous seasons. Prices of water through water tankers have increased due to the deterioration of drought that made accessibility very difficult. Population of 24,120  in the 6 main centers are the target to be assisted with the amount of water they are lacking, with an estimated 48,180 shoats and 12,060 cattle, are thus found in need of urgent humanitarian action.

RAWA officers along with the community have planed an intervention based on water vouchers. RAWA has already consulted with the water vendors, beneficiaries and money vendors. The water vendors will be able to provide water to these drought-affected people, goats and cattle at a price of $0.5 per barrel as agreed with them. The money vendor of Dahabshiil will charge 4% for the remittance and transporting the cash to the beneficiaries at specific sites of main target centers. The beneficiaries have opted for this system as it is very quick to respond to the needs, and each household will further be able to manage the needs and availability of the water. Water tankers providing water reach as far as the remote rural area where most livestock have moved to for pasture. The prices of barrels of water as stated above will be likely to increase as drought period goes on which will affect people more negatively as per the statement one of the beneficiary has mentioned during the assessment who further stated implementation of this project will thus safe many lives from the worsening drought effects.                           


CHF-DMA-0489-58ER “Emergency Water Access by Vouchers in 19 Selected Villages in Hobyo District, South Mudug, Somalia” – 115,451$

Mudug Region has been hard hit by drought that has impacted to poor pasture and limited water availability due to erratic Gu and failed Deyr rains in 2010. As a result, some shallow wells have dried out while others contain only crude salt-water, which is not fit for human and animal consumption. According to the FSNAU post-Gu Nutrition report, 44% of the population in Mudug is already in acute food and livelihood crisis, whereas 40,000 are in humanitarian emergency.

The inhabitants in affected villages are facing a serious humanitarian crisis, especially women and children who are prone to water-borne diseases, caused by polluted water, poor sanitation and hygiene. The above identified gap requires fast and appropriate action in order to save lives. Water access by voucher is a critical life-saving intervention for this crisis as other sustainable interventions are being put in place.                                                                                              

The needs are acute water shortage in the target 3543 households in 19 target villages severely affected by the drought. Activities are: Community mobilization, beneficiary selection, contracting a vendor for water trucking, identifying a money vendor, water trucking, monitoring and reporting, reimbursing the money vendor, evaluation.


CHF-DMA-0489-60ER “Emergency Provision of Water Through Voucher System and Promotion of Hygiene Practices in Ceel-Waaq District, Gedo            ” - 94,997$

 A population of about 26,598 people (4,433 households) in the Ceel Waaq district of Gedo region in Somalia is in dire need of humanitarian assistance following a prolonged period of drought resulting in most of the 12 shallow wells in the area drying up, the main source of water for the pastoralists and their livestock. Men have moved away with livestock in search for water and pasture, leaving the vulnerable women and children to care for the calves and shoats as well as to fend for themselves. Conflicts are being reported in the areas they have migrated to in the neighboring Somali districts, as well as in Kenya and Ethiopia. Due to lack of alternative livelihoods, the community lacks income to pay for water from water vendors who collect the water from the Damassa borehole for sale. Women are forced to walk long distances in search of water in the remaining shallow wells which are on the verge of drying up. Consequently, access to water per person per day has dropped from 5 liters to 3 liters. The shortage of water has resulted in lower levels of hygiene and increased the frequency of watery diarrhea, especially among children.

Consultations have been held with community leaders and elders (Ugas), the Somali Red Crescent and religious leaders in 9 of the 14 villages, and point to a population in dire need of water assistance to save lives. Specific outcomes of the project will be:

i)                    Increased access to safe drinking water for 4,433 pastoralist households: it will be achieved through water provision through voucher system and  it will also reduce the time women use for walking long distances looking for water. This time can be used for other livelihood activities and school in case of young girls.

ii)                   20,000 people practicing proper hygiene: it will be achieved through hygiene promotion campaigns and household visits to deliver hygiene messages and demonstrate good hygiene practices. This will help in reducing waterborne diseases from all people and children under five.                                                                            


CHF-DMA-0489-61ER “Emergency Rehabilitation of Strategic Boreholes in Hiraan Region” - 131,723.80$

 As a result of unusual below average rainfall in the last Gu' season and the failure of Deyr rains caused by the La Nina in Somalia and particularly in Hiran region demonstrated by failed crops, pasture shortages in pastoral areas and severe water shortages. According to FSNAU- quarterly food security and bulletin issued on 16 December 2010, the entire of Hiran region has suffered from below average rainfall which resulted in complete crop failure, deteriorated pasture conditions and severe water shortages while the highest increases in the cost of MEB over the last five months were observed in Beledweyne with 30% increase.

In conclusion, according to rapid inter-agency drought assessment in west Hiran region made by 5 NGOs on 20 to 23 December 2011, the livestock body condition has further deteriorated due to pasture/water scarcity and limited migration options, particularly for the households from poor and lower middle wealth groups.

WARDI observed that water trucking assistance to the rural communities is expensive and is not the best option for the life-saving of the human and their animals, as Somalia is characterized as a water-scarce nation and the droughts occur repetitively. Therefore, to address water needs in drought settings, WARDI in this project proposal supports the rehabilitation of 2 existing strategic boreholes and 4 water catchments through cash-for-work enabling the targeted drought-affected communities to pay for their own supply of trucked water.


CHF-DMA-0489-62ER “Emergency Water Delivery by Voucher System to Drought-Affected Communities in South Mudug” – 249,956.71$

The impact of the drought conditions in South Mudug rural villages and towns are severe and continue to deteriorate at an alarming rate. Livestock mortality is being evidenced as pasture grazing land has depleted. The impact on humans is severe, and no respite is in sight until the next Gu rainy season in 2011. The worst hit categories are women and children under the age of five. GSA, Norsom and Yme (G/N/Y) know the area well and have conducted several needs assessments. GSA is an important implementing organization in the area of South Mudug.

In an inter-agency drought assessment in the Hobyo district between 4 and 6 December 2010 the negative effects of the drought were confirmed. The findings show an increasingly desperate situation in the area. Livestock in the environs of permanent water sources have become too weak to reach the water sources. Purchasing powers of pastoral communities have depreciated and thus jeopardize food security. The assessment recommends to start water trucking to the most affected areas. At the same time the report propose rehabilitation/construction of strategic water points.

G/N/Y have successfully drilled and rehabilitated a number of boreholes in close proximity to drought affected areas with water facilities intact. Direct drought intervention program includes the full mobilization of existing facilities for 24 hours water distribution stations by grouping into five different zones of Gawaan, Xingood, Wisil, Dowgaab and Jilable. The Voucher system program is planned to cover minimum of 63 designated areas. Mobilization and awareness campaigns to end beneficiaries through broadcasts to major local radios, community, religious, and women’s leaders will be immediately initiated. Water committees from various communities and PHAST hygiene personal will be stationed in target areas of the water distribution. Existing water storage facilities and establishment of mobile storage capacity of plastic sheets, each 4.5m*4.5m with water load of 16 m3 will be utilized. GSA will provide fuel cost directly to the respective borehole in order to reduce the cost. The water will be distributed for free to the affected communities.

CHF-DMA-0489-63ER “Emergency Intervention to Save Lives of Drought-Affected Communities in Middle Jubba” - 249,953.75$

 The project target areas (Bu'ale, Sakow and Salagle districts) of Middle Jubba region are among the most affected by the prevailing drought in Somalia. They are now facing severe humanitarian emergency and acute food and livelihood crisis.

The nutrition situation among the pastoral and agro-pastoral population remain 'serious' and 'critical' respectively, as reported in the FSNAU post-deyr analysis 2011. Based on the FSNAU post-gu 2010 technical series report, 43,000 people were in humanitarian emergency in Middle Juba region, among them, 24,000 were from the rural areas where this particular project targets.

JCC is proposing this emergency intervention of provision of water and cash-for-work program via voucher system to 24,500 population in the pastoral and agro-pastoral areas. The project will provide water via voucher system for human consumption for 45 days. The water voucher system will support 3,500 drought affected households (i.e. 24,500 people of whom 8,750 and 12,250 are women and children respectively). During the cash-for-work program, JCC will employ 809 casual workers, each from a family (i.e. 5,663 population) for the rehabilitation of four strategic selected communal water pans via voucher system. These 809 casual labors will be employed for days and each will rehabilitate and de-silt one cubic meter of soil per day, thus, in total 24,270m3 of soil will excavated during rehabilitation of the four strategically selected communal dams in Bu'ale, Sakow and Salagle districts. It is expected, particularly through this cash-for-work program, 809 families will have food, water and some income to repay their debts and have their nutrition situation improved and at the same time, the impact of the drought on their livelihoods mitigated and enhance their coping strategies. 

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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Somalia or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

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