Project Factsheet
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Project ID:00077732Description:CHF Som WASH/2011ER/OCHA-NGOs
Somalia Humanitarian Fund
Start Date *: 28 Feb 2011
Water and Sanitation
End Date*: 31 Dec 2012
Country: Somalia Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   NGO/OCHA - NGO implementation/OCHA

CHF-DMA-0489-66ER “Provision of Appropriate Sanitation Assistance and Hygiene information to IDPs in Somalia” - 500,000$

The intense fighting and the persistent insecurity in south and central Somalia has created displacement with an impact in almost all regions of Somalia. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Somalia has increased from the protracted 400,000 IDPs existing prior to 2007, to 1.46 M IDPs in September 2010.

The living conditions of IDPs in Mogadishu (Banadir) are characterized by a general lack of access to clean and safe drinking water, limited access to appropriate sanitation (excreta disposal and waste management) facilities, health care, education, proper shelter, food, protection and security. In addition, the waste management systems in IDP settlements remains poor due to the lack of garbage collection and disposal systems. Vector controls, dust bins, garbage collection points, and landfills, are inadequate and where present, in need of replacement and rehabilitation. 

NRC has implemented sanitation and hygiene promotion activities in Mogadishu and along the Afgooye corridor since 2007.  NRC previously constructed communal latrines in blocks of 5, for use by 25 families giving a ratio of 1 latrine for 5 families or 30 beneficiaries. However, due to the overwhelming need for latrines and the challenges to locate space for latrine construction this target has proved difficult to achieve. While a 1 latrine per 20 people ratio is the target, current implementation under the current project will aim for 1 per 50 coverage in line with the WASH cluster guidelines.

NRC prioritizes the promotion of better hygiene practices and behavioral change, through concerted campaigns, visual messages, and provision of family/personal hygiene kits and settlement cleaning (Sanitation) kits. The training also aims at ensuring that the provided facilities are put to proper use and maintenance.


CHF-DMA-0489-68ER “Emergency Water Supply Through Voucher System in Ceelwaaq District” – 60,048$

The humanitarian situation in Ceel Waaq district of Gedo region in Somalia continues to deteriorate with the prolonged drought that has continued to ravage the area since late last year. Some additional 16,320 people (2,720 households) are in dire need of assistance after the drying up of all the 12 shallow wells, the main source of water for the pastorals and their livestock. Due to lack of alternative livelihoods, the community lacks income to pay for water from water vendors who collect the water from the Damassa borehole for sale. Women are forced to walk long distances in search of water in the remaining shallow wells which are on the verge of drying up. Consequently, access to water per person per day has dropped from 5 liters to 2 liters. The shortage of water has resulted in lower levels of hygiene and increased the frequency of watery diarrhea, especially among children. Consultations have been held with community leaders and elders (Ugas), the Somali Red Crescent and religious leaders in the 10 villages, and point to a population in dire need of water assistance to save lives. Specific outcomes of the project will be: i) Increased access to safe drinking water for 2720 pastoral households, ii) reduced incidence of waterborne diseases among children under five (measured by prevalence of watery diarrhea currently 20%). The first outcome will be achieved through water provision through voucher system to assure survival of the population, Output ii) will be achieved through hygiene promotion campaigns and household visits to deliver hygiene messages and demonstrate good hygiene practices. This will help in reducing waterborne diseases.


CHF-DMA-0489-120ER “Badhaadhe Life-Saving Emergency Water Provision” – 197,194.56$                                                                                                         

The pastoral communities in Badade are still bearing the brunt of the protracted drought. A key challenge facing them is acute shortage of water. Water pans are the primary sources of water for majority of the households in Badade district. However, the little water collected during the last Deyr season was exhausted within a month after the rains, forcing residents to move to the borehole site as IDPs. At the borehole site, the situation was worsened by influx of pastoralists who came from Bay, Bakol and Gedo and pitched tent because of relatively better pasture and the borehole water. While the people crumbled under the impact of the drought, the casing of the only functioning borehole, serving more than 30,000 collapsed on 27 March 2011.

The project aims to provide gender-sensitive life saving water and appropriate sanitation and hygiene. The two outcomes are (i) 10800 drought affected people in Badade district of whom 70% are women and girls, access 5 liters of safe water per person/day for two months and (ii) appropriate knowledge, attitude and practices on hygiene and childcare promoted.               

CHF-DMA-0489-140ER “Mitigation of Drought Effects and AWD Outbreak in Aden Yabal” – 225,500$                                                      

The current drought in Somalia has hit hard the entire country. Middle Shabelle is particularly hit seriously by the drought affecting all walks of life in Adan Yabal, Ruun Nirgo and Adale districts. An AWD outbreak is constituted in Middle Shabelle coupled with health and livelihoods problems in Adan Yabal and other parts of Middle Shabelle. The AWD outbreak has so far killed 124 people and has affected at least 887 people until 7 of April 2011. The shortage of water was so severe that people had to drink any water such as murky or dirty water. Wells are drying up and people and livestock are travelling far to obtain water. The situation is worsened by the malnutrition rate in the area especially affecting children. There are several water points in the area with currently a limited capacity.

The outbreak of AWD needs to be contained and reduced by providing safe and sufficient water through chlorination and well rehabilitation and at the same time raise hygiene awareness and harness people by implementing this through provision of sanitation agents. The water shortage can be limited by water provision through vouchers. New wells would take too much time to dig due to the rocky soil.

In total there are 11 locations in Aden Yabal where this intervention will take place. Water provision through vouchers will delivered to the most extremely vulnerable households, rehabilitation and chlorination of wells and provision of hygiene and sanitation supplies to the extremely vulnerable households. The water points are not yielding enough water and the little water they yield is of poor quality. This intervention will provide water through vouchers for the first 4 weeks right before the rainy season. The already existing water in the wells is made safer through chlorination as well as provision of chlorofoc to household level. There will also be trainings on hygiene and sanitation on community level through community volunteers that are constantly updated in the coming year through other interventions.

CHF-DMA-0489-159ER “Emergency Hygiene Support to IDPs and Returnees in Mogadishu”- 53,619.64$

Mogadishu has a population of 901,183 (2005 UN population figures) a total of 372,000 are IDPs (UNHCR as of Jan 2011) of which more than 52,000 people have been displaced due to drought since 1 December 2010, this number increases by the day with more IDPs and returnees coming on board. The humanitarian situation among IDPs and returnees in Mogadishu continue to deteriorate due to the drought and insecurity.

Recent FERO assessment indicates that there is an urgent need to improve hygiene practices so as to reduce cholera outbreak and other hygiene related infections that are expected to increase in the months of the rain. The assessments further reveals that there is a critical need for additional hygiene promotion among the returnees and IDPs, regarding the importance of household level treatment of water, safe water through protection of water sources, hand washing and general personal and environmental hygiene. There are a number agencies addressing other humanitarian needs such as food aid and water provision, however FERO assessments showed poor hygiene practices in the communities in the intended project areas.

With this project, FERO intends to do hygiene promotion in among vulnerable settlements, especially regarding the importance of latrine use, safe water through protection of water sources, household level treatment of water, hand washing and general personal and environmental hygiene.


CHF-DMA-0489-162ER “Emergency Project to Improve Hygiene and Sanitation for Displaced People in Dharkenley District, Mogadishu”- 249,707.50$

Dharkenley district is one of few districts in Mogadishu city that hosts the largest number of IDPs. With this project SYPD will target about 20,988 individual IDPs of whom 14,693 are children, 2,518 men and 3,777 women who are in a desperate need for latrines and promotion of hygiene and sanitation in  Dharkenley district.

Regardless of their origins, these IDPs live in make-shift rudimentary shelters where they lack basic necessities of life including adequate shelter, food and water. Besides, these IDPs are bitterly complaining about the lack of latrines, forcing the elderly to walk several miles in search for a suitable place for excreta disposal. In an unsafe environment like Mogadishu, many IDPs were harmed along the way by armed bandits. About 80% of children in target settlements dispose excreta within their shelters, undermining family hygiene and leading to a host of hygiene related diseases. Some humanitarian actors are providing limited food aid for these IDPs. However, the hygiene and sanitation sector remains highly un-addressed and much needed.

To prevent the eruption of hygeine related diseases and relieve IDPs in this area, the construction of at least 910 public latrines is urgently needed. The GPS coordinates for target settlements is provided as attachment to this proposal.


CHF-DMA-0489-163ER “Extension of Badhaadhe Life-Saving Emergency Water Provision.” – 184,393$

The current water crisis in Badhaadhe  is linked to the collapse of the only borehole in the area on 27 March 2011. Both AFREC and ICRC water engineers were in agreement  that the only option was to drill another borehole as the collapsed one was beyond repair. ICRC which had drilled the borehole indicated that it will drill a new one at the same site to function with the rest of the infrastructure build by AFREC with funding from HRF/OCHA. In the meantime, AFREC obtained support from the CHF emergency reserve to provide water to 10,800 affected people using a voucher system. As emergency water provision started, it was hoped that the Gu rains would reverse the water crisis but this has not been the case. The situation actually worsened as the rains failed though the emergency water vouchers went a long way in ameliorating the situation. There are fears that water-related disease burden which has to some extent been under control will get out of hand as soon as the emergency water provision ends at the beginning of July 2011. This project is proposed to extend water provision using voucher system for another month.


CHF-DMA-0489-180ER “Emergency Provision of water Through Voucher System among en route IDPs between Bardera and Elwak Somalia / Grilley (Kenya border)”- 121,120$

The current drought in Somalia and the larger horn of Africa is the worst in 60 years and has resulted to the loss of as many as 80% of the livestock among pastorals in the region. Residents are moving in large groups towards Kenya with expectation of getting food and water assistance. However, many people, especially women and children, have perished in the trekking journey from the east due to lack of water and food. These IDPs are from southern part of Somalia by passing through BARDERA, DOLO, Wajir border. In the Ceel Waaq district of Gedo region in Somalia the drought has resulted in its 11 shallow wells having dried up, the main source of water for the pastorals and their livestock. Thus the IDPs have added to the problems of the host community. It is therefore imperative that the IDPs be provided with water as part of humanitarian assistance along the route they are passing.

This can be done by establishing a water source which 25-50 persons can access some 7.5litres per person per day, every 15-20km in a total of 9 locations, where they can access water from the truckers through large plastic storage tanks (Bladder tank or Ken tank). The local hosting population will also need to have some shallow wells sunk as a exit strategy measure and as a benefit for hosting the IDPs to reduce any conflicts that may arise as a result of resource scarcity. The project  also targets 20% of host communities, as influx of new IDPs from south Somalia continue flocking to Ceelwaaq /Wajir border towns, also has put  a lot of pressure on little available thus lead a lot of burden to the host community in terms of water provision             


CHF-DMA-0489-181ER “Emergency Provision of Safe Drinking water for IDPs in transit routes from Kurtun to Dobley through water vouchers and rehabilitation of communal water sources for host communities in Buale district of Middle Juba Region”- 154,623$

The violence in south and central Somalia and the ensuing humanitarian crisis there show no signs of abating. This year alone, fighting has displaced more than 200,000 people within Somalia, while another 70,000 have fled to neighboring countries. Evidence of severely reduced food access, acute malnutrition, and crude mortality indicates that a famine is currently ongoing in five areas of southern Somalia.

UNHCR reports indicate movement of IDPs from inland (Lower and Middle Shabelle, Mogadishu, Bay and Bakool regions) of around 60-70 households crossing Bu’ale bridge on daily bases towards the Kenyan border, 180km away. These IDPs have to endure long hours of walking with the use of donkey carts to carry their few belongings without enough food or safe drinking water.

JCC intends to target IDPs through provision of safe drinking water via voucher, ten (10) transit sites have been identified that are located along the route towards Dhobley where JCC will place water tanks and monitors in 20 km apart to cover 180km route. Targeted IDP beneficiaries will be issued with vouchers from Bu’ale where they can collect water (7.5 liters per person per day) in each of the transit points for 2.5 months/75 days.


CHF-DMA-0489-192ER “Emergency Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Drought-displaced Communities in Banadir region”- 328,700.30$

The Horn of Africa is experiencing severe food crisis, with Somalia being the hardest hit. In Mogadishu the situation is critical following the massive influx of IDPs especially from Bay, Bakool, Lower Shebelle, Middle Shebelle regions and parts of lower Juba. In Banadir region where majority of the IDPs have settled, there is need to construct new shallow wells to be able to assist the target communities in Wadajir, Darkanley and Hodan districts to have access to safe water. Sanitation facilities and hygiene awareness campaigns must be conducted to ensure safety for the target beneficiaries. The beneficiaries are concentrated in camps/settlements that do not have support for water and sanitation services. The lack of water and sanitation facilities is a risk to the health and security of the people.

With this proposal NCA will assist in meeting the needs of a further 23,772 people in; 6 settlements in Wadajirs, 1 settlement in Darkanley and 5 settlements in Hodan Districts. There is need to construct 811 latrines, 3 new shallow wells, distribute 7924 jericans to facilitate fetching and storing water among the target beneficiaries, provide sanitation kits to families, provide women with sanitary kits, train 21 WES committee members and 655 hygiene promoters using emergency PHAST training methodology.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

CHF-DMA-0489-194ER “Emergency WASH Response for Families in Humanitarian Emergency in Bay Region, Southern Somalia”- 529,452$

This action targets regions currently facing famine in Southern Somalia caused by total failure of 2010 Deyr rains, and poor performance of 2011 Gu rains. This has resulted to crop failure, reduced labor demand, poor livestock body condition, and excess animal mortality. Thousands of Somalis are arriving every day at camps across the Ethiopian and Kenyan borders. The IDPs and refugees need shelter, water and sanitation services, to reduce the pressure on drought affected host communities. Access to basic water, hygiene and sanitation services is particularly poor in crowded IDP and transit locations for the drought displaced.

COOPI has developed a comprehensive program for response to current humanitarian emergency in southern Somalia targeting 10,000 most affected households with food, water vouchers and hygiene promotion. In Dinsor and Qansandhere Districts in Bay Region, COOPI is supporting 2,170 households from 24 locations with food vouchers through ERF to enable access to food in sufficient quantity and quality to meet nutrition needs. Food vouchers are being provided on monthly basis for 3 months. The proposed project will target the same beneficiaries by providing them with safe water supply though voucher system, and providing Sanitation and Hygiene services.

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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Somalia or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

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