Project Factsheet
Tools for » Social Protection
Project ID:00079849Description:Social Protection
Tanzania One UN Fund
Start Date *: 14 Sep 2011
C2: Quality of Life
End Date*: 31 Dec 2016
Country: Tanzania Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   Multiple

Social Protection

Formal social security and health insurance covers a negligible, mostly urban-based and relatively well-off portion of the population, albeit with modest benefits. Ninety percent of the population has no protection in cases of life contingencies, livelihood shocks or severe deprivation. The UN Social Protection floor is a globally coherent social policy concept promoting national strategies for universal access to essential servces and income support for those in need. A national social protection 'floor' could function as an important link between poverty alleviation and investments in socio-economic development, and urgently needs further debate in Tanzania.

A draft National Social Protection Framework (SPF) targeting vulnerable groups exists; however the process to prepare and plan for associated operational modalities, institutional arrangements, services, and resources is still on-hold pending approval of the SPF. A comprehensive review of national policies on social protection should continue with specific action to review and improve the existing legal and service structures, for a more secure and sustainable social protection system. Support for strengthening and extending contributory schemes, setting up regulatory systems to ensure fairness and universal coverage of benefits and services to all, including vulnerable groups and poor families, is urgently needed.

The enactment of the Law of the Child Act in November 2009 marked an opportunity to create a protective environment for children. Children's care and development takes place in an environment of acute domestic insecurity. Orphaned or abandoned children number over two million; 20 percent 5 to 17 year olds are engaged in child labour. Only 8 percent of children under-five have a birth certificate. Massive external investment in the National Costed Plan of Action for Most Vulnerable Children (NCPA) has improved children's access to basic rights (food, education, and health services) but the scale of reach falls short of the number of vulnerable children. In addition, there has been little focus on identifying and responding to children in need of protection from abuse, violence and exploitation. The structures, systems and services for extending effective protection to children, including children with disabilities are lacking. Women's rights to protection from abuse and violence are similarly neglected.

There is an urgent requirement to increase and train personnel, develop monitoring and referral and response systems, strengthen district and national data collection, and promote shared awareness at community and statutory levels of children and women's protection rights.

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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Tanzania or the lead agency for the programme.

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