Project Factsheet
Tools for » Strengthening the capacities of the UNCT in Angola to address sexual violence in the context of expulsions of irregular migrants into DRC
Project ID:00080904Description:UNA024 DPKO-OSRSG-SVC Funding
UN Action Agst Sexual Violence
Start Date *: 22 Feb 2012
UN Action Against Sexual Viole
End Date*: 31 Dec 2013
Country: United Nations Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   UNDPO - UN Dept of Peace Operations

Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have a long and porous border, some of which is in the diamonds exploration areas. Traditionally there has always been a considerable amount of contact and cross border activity. It has also been an area attracting migration from DRC given the attraction of the diamond areas, with considerable “illegal” and hand digging for diamonds and possible trafficking.

In recent years, the Angolan authorities have carried out various campaigns to expel irregular migrant workers in these areas back into DRC. Information on allegations of gross human rights abuse in the context of expulsions, including torture and sexual violence, in particular against women, have been collected in the DRC by the UN in collaboration with provincial structures. According to the United Nations Stabilisation Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO), more than 1932 Congolese migrant men, women and children were victims of sexual violence between January 2010 and May 2011 in the context of expulsions.

In a visit to Angola in March 2011, SRSG SVC Margot Wallstrom visited the border areas and discussed the allegations with the Angolan authorities and measures to address and prevent such abuses. This resulted in a joint communiqué by the Government of Angola and the United Nations System on 16 March 2011, committing to the following points:

• Reiterating through the respective chains of command existing Army and Police Command Orders prohibiting sexual abuse; and, re-enforcing the commitment for ‘zero-tolerance’ of such violations in Army and Police Codes of Conduct.

• Sending a clear signal that impunity will not be tolerated by undertaking investigations of alleged violations on the basis of credible information, and ensuring punishment of perpetrators.

• Facilitating, as appropriate, the assessment missions of the Unite Nations and International Organization for Migration to areas of concern, and granting United Nations protection actors regular access to detention/holding centers or similar locations.

• Facilitating the participation of the United Nations and the International Organization for Migration as an observer in the organized expulsions being carried out by Angolan authorities.

The Resident Coordinator and the UN system in Angola are eager to engage with the Government to promote follow-up to the commitments and to provide necessary assistance in this regard.

The placement of a Protection Advisor in the Resident Coordinator’s Office has the objective to: (i) Promote an effective follow up of the commitments made in the Joint UN Government of Angola Communiqué of 16 March 2011; (ii) Strengthen the capacity of the UN system to advise the Government of Angola to prevent and address sexual violence and other human rights violations in the context of expulsions and migration control.

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