Project Factsheet
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Project ID:00081637Description:CHF Som WASH/2012ER/OCHA-NGOs
Somalia Humanitarian Fund
Start Date *: 9 Feb 2012
Water and Sanitation
End Date*: 9 Feb 2013
Country: Somalia Project Status: Operationally Closed
  Participating Organization:   NGO/OCHA - NGO implementation/OCHA

CHF-DMA-0489-266ER - Emergency Nutrition Response in Sanaag Region - $86,102

This project seeks funding from the emergency reserve as water supply in the settlements will be cut out as of 1/2/12 and as there are no funds to purchase fuel for pumping water, repair broken taps and pipes into the settlements and the hygiene promotion activities aimed at ensuring that there are limited risks for disease outbreak within the settlements.

The project will assist in meeting the needs of 67,725 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the Faculty of Agriculture area in Afgoye Corridor. It will be conducted over a six months period and will support the IDPs manage their own water costs with the help of both the public and private sector. This is aimed at ensuring sustainability of the project by the community. Among identified needs are continued access to safe water through provision of fuel, hygiene awareness campaigns and promotion activities all aimed at reducing the risk to AWD outbreak that had been confirmed in Mogadishu in December 2011. Improved hygiene practices and adoption of appropriate sanitation behaviors are key activities in implementation of this project. The project will support both new and protracted IDPs who are in the process of re-establishing their lives and give access to trainings aimed at providing skills to improve their livelihoods. Once established they will be in a position to earn a living from the various trades they engage in and as a result pay for the water they consume. The project will support 100% costs for six months while creating awareness on the intentions of eliminating donor support in the near future.

As a result, the community will be able to make decisions, be accountable and the management of the water systems by the private sector in conjunction with the local authority will be made possible.


CHF-DMA-0489-267ER "Emergency provision of water and sanitation facilities" – $151,431

SDRO, a local NGO, is involved in water distribution, sanitation and hygiene promotion to the IDPs living in Lafoole and Arbiska Settlements since 2008, by drilling new water sources, rehabilitating the existing water systems and covering operation and maintenance cost to provide safe drinking water and prevent AWD/ cholera outbreak. The water systems are currently fully functional and providing safe drinking water to about 92196 persons living in the IDP camps in Lafoole and Arbiska through piped water system and distribution kiosks located in appropriate locations. The amount of water per person is now between 4-6l per person per day to meet the basic needs of the IDP for drinking, cooking and washing.

There is also limited access to appropriate hygiene & sanitation facilities in IDPs camps causing seasonal outbreak of epidemic diseases such as watery diarrhea and cholera etc, leading to sickness and death and creating major health problems for children, while a further 102 IDP camps have very limited access to sanitation facilities, the project will contribute to the rehabilitation of 300 latrines.


CHF-DMA-0489-272ER - Short Term Wash preparedness and prevention - $84,377

Somalia is recovering from a famine that was declared in the middle of 2011 with devastating effects on the coping mechanisms of the population, however, 2.34 milion people remain in crisis (FSNAU post dey report february 2012). The situation has left people weakened and prone to outbreaks of diseases. After the drought that caused the famine, floods have had devistating effects in the whole of middle shabelle (Wocca report shared with the WASH and other clusters) with a high risk of AWD outbreaks.

The cluster response plan wants to mitigate the risk in three ways, prevention, preparedness and response. Prevention is currently being undertaken by chlorinating wells in high risk areas. This prevention measure can be strenghtened by giving out sanitation agents to the population. For preparedness Wocca has some equipment in store but the effectiveness can be hugely improved by having more stocks and in some cases stocking items that were not there. The response part is strongly linked with the preparedness. One of problems currently faced is that the usual supplies that are given by UNICEF cannot be obtained since the organisation is currently banned from operating by the local authorities. Wocca is however able to purchase their own good in Mogadishu.


CHF-DMA-0489-270ER - Distribution of WASH, AWD/Choera Prevention Items to the famine affected IDPs People in Huddur, Wajid and Rabdure District, Bakool Somalia - $98,296

Since the last FSNAU report came out, the regions were declared famine free but fear of disease outbreak is high while humanitarian interventions in the region is very minimal. The community in Huddur, Wajid and Rabdhure districts in Bakool normally depended on agro-pastoral activity for their survival. The last subsequent droughts have killed almost the entire livestock. As the rains are expected soon in the region, there is fear of disease outbreak such as acute watery diarrhea and other disease related to poor water condition and sanitation. GRRN, being part of the active operational organization in the area, has a robust plan to intervene the impending humanitarian crisis facing the population in Huddur, Wajid and Rabdhure.


CHF-DMA-0489-271ER - Acute Watery Diarrhea/Cholera prevention and response of Jamame district, Lower Juba Region - $238,397

Jamame district is in Lower Juba Region, and it is the most populated district among all other Juba Valley, some of its villages have the same size of the district towns in the region. Jamame town is located 60Km north of Kismayo on east bank of the Juba River.

Jamame district is one of the high risky areas in terms of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) and Cholera outbreaks due to densely population and poor sanitation practices. Many people drink surface water from wherever they find it. The district has bad records of outbreak of AWD/Cholera outbreaks due to its numerous depressions where people practice flood recession farming. Juba River floods in to those depressions on seasonal basis increasing infestation of water born diseases. During the dry season people find flood water at a very remote area without clean water. MSF France used to activate its stabilization centers and increase outreach programs during the AWD/Cholera outbreaks seasons. In early 2011 MSF-France health facilities in the district closed due to lack of access. AWD/Cholera outbreaks risky is higher during the upcoming wet season. Sanitation interventions are not implemented in the district during 2011, to prevent AWD/Cholera outbreaks there is high need of trainings and awareness raising interventions. Currently the operational capacity of the aid community in the district is very low. Very few interventions are going on  due to the expulsion of many organizations by the local authorities has increased risky of AWD/Cholera outbreaks. In fact AWD/Cholera outbreaks are known during the rainy seasons but this year exceptional for Jamame as the upcoming rains are proceeded by man made floods and huge flood water will contaminate with the rains.


CHF-DMA-0489-339ER - Strengthening of Community based response to AWD/Cholera intervention in Shibis, Huriwa and Karaan of Mogadishu of South Central Somalia - $227,906

Environmental and seasonal factors that lead to increased incidences of AWD epidemics often start at the end of the dry season (February-March) or at the beginning of the rainy season, (October-November) every year when water sources are limited and/or highly polluted in these targetted regions of Shibis, Huriwa and Karaan. Reduced water resources often forces people to concentrate at fewer water sources, thus increasing risks of contamination and transmission at that source of water. Heavy rains can also trigger AWD outbreaks, for example, when contaminated water from flooded sewage systems, latrines and septic tanks cross-contaminates shallow wells, leaky pipes or other unprotected water sources. When AWD outbreak occurs in these regions, health, water and education sectors are always caught unprepared and inhabitants have limited knowledge or understanding on how to deal with the situation. In addition to this, many other agencies such as the UN bodies and NGOs will also be unprepared making control difficult in the early critical stages of the outbreak. Apart from the IDP camps where there is significant number of latrines, most of all the villages sampled have no latrine and practice open defecation. Vulnerability is quite high among pregnant women (30%), children under five (45%), and immune-compromised people who have increased risk of Cholera and AWD infection. Most of the latrines have been built by NGOs and there is relatively low uptake of community building their own latrines. The use of latrines is moderate, and slightly above half is maintained clean. Proper hand washing practices are not common place in these villages. Generally there is poor knowledge amongst the IDP community of the importance of hand washing at critical times. Murdo rapid assessment of Agoonta Maslax, School Shibis, Daryeel, Iftin, Sacuudi, Muna, Nasir and Dekadda clearly showed that the average ration of latrines to IDPs stood at 1 latrine per 230 individuals which is very poor indeed. Hand washing facilities are also totally missing in all these IDP camps assessed.

MURDO will facilitate and conduct hygiene promotion campaigns including proper excreta disposal, proper hand washing, safe water use, etc. using the CLTS methodology. IEC materials depicting local practices in terms of hygiene and using local clear local Somali language will be developed and used during this process. Meanwhile MURDO will engage IDPs  health committees and Water Environmental Sanitation committees in monitoring and maintenance of latrines, hand washing facilities, safe water use at the delivery points Training of 60 community health workers and 40 volunteers of which 60% are women in hygiene promotion accompanied with distribution of 5,000 repackaged IEC materials that depicts hygiene messages in real pictures and in clear local Somali language that have been developed by UNICEF & WASH cluster.will be held twice per month (forthnightly.) They will be also trained on safe water chain, hand washing techniques. Community hygiene education campaigns will be held at the targtetted IDP camps and health facilities weekly targetteing areas with large concentration of people in need and this will also be held twice per week in the IDP camps targtetted.


CHF-DMA-0489-345ER - Emergency WASH Programming for vulnerable IDPs and host communities in Mogadishu

Sigale and Darwish settlements in Mogadishu have an estimated 14,000 IDP HH and 700 host communities’ families. Most of the IDPs are not only fleeing conflict, but also a livelihoods and food crisis caused by perennial droughts in the neighboring regions of Mogadishu. From late May 2012, Mogadishu continues to experience a major influx of IDPs due to TFG/AMISOM military offensive against militia along the Afgoye corridor. The influx of more IDPs into Sigale and Darwish IDP settlements have increased demand on already overstretched basic services such as water and sanitation services. Due to successive droughts and conflicts, the coping mechanisms of the IDPs are simply exhausted.  

Save the Children through its partner Centre for Peace and Democracy, has been implementing water, sanitation and hygiene interventions since September 2011 in Sigale and Darwish settlements.

However, we are currently facing a funding gap for water provision by the end of August 2012. This is likely to result in the IDP’s either not having access to safe water or will be forced to drink water of poor quality from the shallow wells. This may also result in the IDPs moving to other areas in search of water, which could lead to further conflicts over the scarce resources and further increase the risk of GBV as the women and children, who mainly bear the burden of fetching water, walk for long distances in search of the scarce commodity.

Given that the IDPs are expected to stay in these settlements for more time, until the conflict and drought situation eases, it is imperative to continue WASH interventions, particularly water provision.  There is also an urgent need to address a longer-term more sustainable water provision for IDPs and the host communities living within these settlements.


CHF-DMA-0489-347ER - Emergency WASH and Health Programming for vulnerable communities in Hiran region

The humanitarian situation in Somalia remains critical, as noted in the Mid-Year Review of the 2012 Consolidated Appeal for Somalia.  Over 2.51 million people remain in crisis, unable to fully meet their basic needs without assistance. Mortality and malnutrition rates have improved dramatically, but remain among the highest in the world. Towards the end of 2012, the humanitarian situation is expected to deteriorate mainly as a result of a harvest shortfall (given the below average Gu rains) and intensified fighting and displacements. The forecast has further been aggravated by an El Niño Alert dated 6th September 2012 indicating increased likelihood for its occurrence in October and continuing into early 2013.

The humanitarian situation in Hiran region is currently among the worst in Somalia and the region continues to experience a combination of conflict, insecurity, displacement, recurrent drought, floods and extreme poverty. Given the lack of basic WASH services and high prevalence of AWD, there is a need for continued intervention that will entail provision of reliable water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion. The onset of the Deyr rains (exacerbated by El Nino) in the Ethiopian highlands, has resulted in flooding in Beletweyne town on 27th September 2012. On one day, Beletweyne town received 188mm of rainfall.  This heavy rain caused breaches of the embankments, raised flood levels in the town and 3500 families are already displaced.   Access to safe drinking water is limited due to contamination of shallow wells, which were one of the main sources of freshwater. Latrines in the town are damaged or blocked.  Lack of access to latrines has increased the risk of protection issues for girls and women.  There is a very high potential -for increase in AWD and possible cholera outbreak due to non-availability of safe drinking water, poor sanitation and hygiene practices.  Save the Children is planning to respond to this emergency through appropriate WASH interventions.


CHF-DMA-0489-437ER - Emergency WASH response to Population at high risk of AWD/Cholera epidemic in Hosingo village and its outskirts in Lower Juba of South Somalia

According to the FSNAU humanitarian report in July 2012, Lower Juba is in crisis phase as mentioned in the IPC classification. These areas were occupied for very long time by armed militia groups which hindered access by both local and International NGOs consequently making humanitarian interventions impossible for the most affected people including women, children, elderly, disabled and the youth who become prey to the armed forces. As a result of the areas vulnerability to withstand shocks, there was AWD/cholera outbreak in Hosingo village on 2nd of Sept, 2012 that left 25 persons dead and 107 affected raising an alarm for rapid interventions. After needs assessment carried out by IRDOs field staff and the community on the suspected cases of the AWD/cholera, IRDO was in the forefront in mobilizing 2 nurses from its maternal and child health care clinics in Garrisa to respond to the situation. It also set up an isolation camp (CTC) to attend to the increasing cases of the AWD/cholera and supplied IV fluids, Oral rehydration Salts with the help of other LNGOs like AFREC and the community.

There were 140 patients admitted at CTC, 42 children (20 Male, 22 Female) under five and 98 adults (Male 55, Female 43) leaving 22 dead (13 Female, 9 Male). The total number of admitted cases and the deaths are from Kamka, Baqdad, Kola, Qesaanguur, Benwerar, Korma and Hosingo villages. However, the situation still remains volatile as it requires for long term intervention, a quest for IRDO to promote hygiene practices to reduce WASH related diseases. The planned project targets 1479 households in the seven villages mentioned by providing three water kiosks in Hosingo town, Rehabilitating 1 water tank, 7 plastic water tanks 10,000 m3 and 150 hand washing facilities at the public facilities and the centers of the markets in the villages (40 for Hosingo, 30 for Kormi, 20 for Benwerar, 30 Baqdad, 10 Kola, 10 for Waraq and 10 for Qesaanguur -  Ref locations GPS in the Database).

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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Somalia or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

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