Project Factsheet
Tools for » Operationalizing REDD+ in Viet
Project ID:00087425Description:Operationalizing REDD+ in Viet
UN REDD Viet Nam Phase II MPTF
Start Date *: 14 Aug 2013
UN REDD Viet Nam Phase II
End Date*: 31 Dec 2018
Country: Viet Nam Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   Multiple

In line with recommendations from the UNFCCC 16th COP held in Cancun in 2011 that REDD+ activities be implemented in phases, this UN-REDD Viet Nam Phase II Programme (“Programme”) is broadly equivalent to the Cancun second phase, in which countries are to focus on “the implementation of national policies and measures and national strategies or action plans that could involve further capacity-building, technology development and transfer and results-based demonstration activities”. The estimated implementation period of the Programme is three years from early 2013 (or as soon as preparation for implementation is completed.)

The overall Goal of the Programme is:

The forestry sector contributes to the 2020 target for agriculture and rural development emission reductions (Decision MARD 3119 of 2011, Decision 2139/QD-TTg of 2011 and Decision 1393/QD-TTgof 2012)

The Programme’s Objective is:

To enhance Viet Nam’s ability to benefit from future results-based payments 4 for REDD+ and undertake transformational changes in the forestry sector.

The Programme will focus on completing the establishment of required capacities and provide technical assistance to build up the emerging REDD+ implementation framework in Viet Nam. It will build essential capacity for REDD+ in national institutions and key stakeholder groups. It will build essential REDD+ capacity in all provinces with significant forest cover. However, the main focus is on six pilot provinces – where the Programme will create the foundations for REDD+ piloting at commune, district and provincial levels.

In parallel to the work of UN-REDD, a series of other international partners are developing similar capacity in other provinces. Through the combined work of UN-REDD and these partners, a total of 8-10 provinces should soon be ready to pilot REDD+ activities.

Viet Nam is expecting to pilot a Results-based Componentsubsequent to, or partially concurrent to the Programme, that will support wide-scale implementation of results-based, REDD+ activities by thousands of land users across the six UN-REDD pilot provinces. The precise modalities under the Results-based Componentwill differ from province to province, in order to generate a maximum of knowledge and lessons. However, in each province, at each site, the benefit distribution system (BDS) will ensure that benefits are distributed in order to achieve results.

Innovation and Lesson Learning

The Programme has many innovative aspects that are expected to generate a great deal of knowledge and understanding on how to operationalise REDD+. Two notably innovative aspects are the participatory monitoring and the approach to regional and trans-boundary issues.

The Programme will test and develop “participatory monitoring” – with the aims of improving data availability, reducing monitoring costs and increasing commitment from local stakeholders. Local participation in both the implementation and monitoring of REDD+ activities is integral to the design of the Programme. Local stakeholders will support monitoring in two ways. Firstly, they will contribute data and information related to the implementation of REDD+ activities. For example, if a REDD+ activity leads to enhanced forest carbon stocks through reforestation, local stakeholders will be responsible for collecting appropriate data, such as the number of trees planted, timing and location of planting, and uploading these to the National REDD Information System (NRIS) for all stakeholders to see. Secondly, local stakeholders will act as local-level watch-agents, observing the implementation of REDD+ activities that are carried out by entities other than local communities, such as private companies.

The Programme recognises that Viet Nam sits at the centre of one of the most challenging regional leakage situations in the world. Although not expecting to resolve this challenge, the Programme will address this challenge. Crucially, approaches to minimize cross-border leakages from the demonstrations sites will be developed. This work will be undertaken in close collaboration with the unfolding FLEGT process in Viet Nam and the lower Mekong countries.

The Programme has six Outcomes, which are:

  • Outcome  1: Capacities for an operational National REDD+ Action Programme (NRAP) are in
  • Outcome  2: The six pilot provinces enabled to plan and implement REDD+ actions
  • Outcome 3: National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) for Monitoring and Measurement, Reporting and Verification and National REDD+ Information System (NRIS) on Safeguards are operational
  • Outcome  4: Stakeholders at different levels are able to receive positive incentives
  • Outcome 5: Mechanisms to address the social and environmental safeguards under the Cancun Agreement, established
  • Outcome  6: Regional cooperation enhances progress on REDD+ implementation in the Lower Mekong Sub-Region.
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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Viet Nam or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

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