Project Factsheet
Tools for » PBF/SSD/D-4: Assessment of water harvesting structures for sustainable livelihoods and peace building in South Sudan
Project ID:00088285Description:PBF/SSD/D-4: Assesment of wate
Peacebuilding Fund
Start Date *: 5 Dec 2013
Youth Empower/Employ-W2
End Date*: 31 Dec 2014
Country: South Sudan Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   Multiple

Project Description:

The aim of the project is to contribute to effective peace building by reducing conflicts between communities for dry season livestock water through enhancing the knowledge base on water harvesting and management.

PBF Outcome:

The project will contribute to PBF Outcomes 7 (management of natural resources) and 9 (sustainable livelihoods) by guiding government, development partners and communities to effectively plan, implement and manage water harvesting interventions. The project will enhance the knowledge base on water harvesting by undertaking a comprehensive socio-economic and environmental assessment and analysis of past and present water harvesting practices and proposing recommendations and guidelines for sustainable water harvesting in South Sudan effectively contributing to peace building.

Key Project Activities:

The project will undertake a socio-economic and environmental assessment of water harvesting structures including hafirs constructed by the government, UN Agencies, NGOs, oil companies and other development partners in South Sudan over the past decades to inform the government and development partners on strategies and approaches for effective water harvesting interventions impacting on conflict reduction and peacebuilding. A comparison of hafirs constructed based on feasibility studies and those built without will be made in order to gauge the extent to which feasibility studies contribute to the sustainability of the hafirs and a reduction of conflict vis-à-vis the costs of construction of the hafirs. The assessment will include comparison of different size hafirs and smaller ponds with respect to meeting livestock water demand, conflict reduction and community stability.  The viability of the structures in terms of socio-economic return, environmental sustainability and management suitability will be assessed.  A mapping of the existing water harvesting structures will be undertaken in the selected states to determine the sample water harvesting structures for detail socioeconomic and environmental assessment.

The assessment will cover Jonglei, Eastern Equatoria and Lakes States where hafirs and other forms of water harvesting facilities exist. Particular focus will be given to counties where water harvesting interventions aimed at reducing inter and intra ethnic conflict over the use of water resources. The assessment will also investigate the past management of hafirs and other water harvesting facilities by communities through participatory impact assessments and arrangements for maintenance of such facilities in the future. A comparison of water harvesting with management committees and those without will be made and conclusions drawn for appropriate institutional development for sustained use of hafirs and to maximize contribution to conflict reduction and peace building. This assessment will contribute to the ongoing dialogue on the contribution of hafirs to conflict reduction and peace building, and inform future strategies and programmes on water harvesting interventions.

The assessment will particularly draw lessons learned from the FAO hafirs built in Jonglei with CIDA funding, hafirs built by UNOPS, UNDP and others in various parts of the country with Peace Building Fund and hafirs financed by Multi-Donor Trust Fund and built by NGOs and contractors. FAO has direct experience in the development of water harvesting in South Sudan and elsewhere. UNEP has done extensive work on pastoralism in Sudan and other parts of Africa, and conflicts surrounding Natural Resource Management (NRM) and peacebuilding efforts. Based on lessons learned and best practices, and from review of existing documents, FAO and UNEP will develop guidelines for water harvesting in South Sudan to maximize impacts on conflict reduction and peace building. This will include guidelines for formation of Natural Resource Management Committees for hafir management; Environmental and Social Impact Assessment; Feasibility Study of water harvesting projects; and gender mainstreaming in water harvesting projects.

Critical training and other capacity building requirements needed to enhance the contribution of water harvesting interventions to peace building will be elaborated and training delivered to key stakeholders at the national and state levels engaged in water harvesting.

The findings of the assessment and guidelines developed will be published and shared with government, UN, NGOs and other stakeholders to increase awareness and share the knowledge generated and initiate policy dialogue on effectiveness of water harvesting interventions in South Sudan.

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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in South Sudan or the lead agency for the programme.

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