Project Factsheet
Tools for » PBF/YEM/D-3: Livelihood and economic recovery: Strengthening social cohesion and community resilience
Project ID:00091651Description:PBF/YEM/D-3: Livelihood and ec
Peacebuilding Fund
Start Date *: 21 Aug 2014
Youth Empower/Employ-W2
End Date*: 30 Sep 2015
Country: Yemen Project Status: Operationally Closed
  Participating Organization:   Multiple

Project description

The overall objective of the project is to promote unemployed IDPs youth (young women and men), women and men living in poverty, and populations most vulnerable or at risk of return to violence to become drivers of innovation and economic recovery, and contributors to peaceful coexistence and a successful political transition. The specific objective of the project is to support 2,300 unemployed IDPs, youth (young women and men), women and men living in poverty, and populations most vulnerable or at risk of return to violence to engage in productive economic activity over an 18 month period in selected Governorates of Yemen.The Theory of Change underpinning the project is that poverty and unemployment, (the main drivers of the conflict in Yemen), of youth, women and marginalized populations is reduced through improved livelihood opportunities contributing to reduced levels of risk of return to conflict supporting a peaceful transition process.

Strengthening the resilience of fragile, conflict affected communities in Yemen, requires a holistic, integrated  and multi partner approach.  The project approach is in line with the three track approach (UN Policy for Post Conflict Employment Creation, Income Generation and Reintegration) by focusing on i) livelihoods stabilization; ii) local economic and governance strengthening, including reintegration of affected groups such as IDPs; and iii) inclusive social and economic growth.   The various proposed outputs of the project complement each other and jointly contribute towards the overall outcome of resilience, through.

i) Community Development Committees (CDCs)- In order to create a sustainable institutional framework for the implementation of this project inclusive CDCs will be established. CDCs will consist of, female, youth, IDPs, marginalised and vulnerable groups as well as   local authorities. CDCs representatives will be trained in conflict sensitive planning and development and will be responsible for implementing conflict sensitive projects. The capacity of CDCs to deliver conflict sensitive development projects will be strengthened through trainings and mentoring including skills development to analyse, prevent and mitigate conflict through negotiation and participatory project planning and implementation. The trainings will be based on a successful model of Integrated Social Cohesion and Development, which has been piloted in other governorates in Yemen. This process increased social cohesion and has contributed to a sense of purpose and hope within communities Through the CDCs some of the main triggers of conflict will be addressed such as social exclusion (especially of IDPs, women, youth, and ethnic minorities), poverty, unemployment and lack of access to social services. The focus will thereby be on targeted geographical areas most affected by conflict.

ii) Livelihoods stabilization- The project aims to create peace dividend through livelihoods stabilization of conflict affected communities, throughrapid employment creation (implemented through participatory service delivery, managed through CDCs’) as well as small enterprise recovery. Rapid employment creation through cash for work helps beneficiaries’ to regain self-respect and optimism by providing an income, it offers and entry point to develop life skills through a tailored training course and the  preparation of business plans for SMEs and make a tangible and highly visible rehabilitation of  socio-economic community infrastructure by (supporting the local government in their basic social service delivery) or the rehabilitation of agricultural land n. Importantly, cash for work projects also inject cash into local economies, which can help kick start economic activities much beyond the project itself.

iii) Promotion of sustainable self- or wage employment- Beneficiaries of the cash for work projects are encouraged to safe a part of their salaries. Under the second phase of the project, aimed to support more sustainable livelihoods, project beneficiaries will be supported in the development of business plans, for which savings will be multiplied through a small start-up grant.

Vulnerable female heads of households and victims of explosive remnants of war, who for social, cultural or physical reasons could not participate in the cash for work program, will be encouraged to participate and receive specific support to develop pragmatic business plans. A market assessment and value chain analyses will be carried out, as a basis for the development of the business plans. 

If necessary, vocational training will be provided to strengthen the employability of project beneficiaries. Activities are jointly aimed to improvesustainable and diversified livelihoods opportunities for youth, women as well as vulnerable and, at risk population groups in an environmentally sustainable manner, targeting agriculture, livestock, and fisheries sub-sectors.

iv) Women’s (economic) empowerment and participation in peacebuilding and decision making processes- Women will be trained in and practice conflict sensitive community development, “increase access to income generating activities and increase their economic capacity. . Female project staff will be engaged to facilitate easy and culturally acceptable communication with female beneficiaries to ensure their needs are addressed, their views heard and respected. Experience with the ISCD project has shown that with sufficient support and mentoring, , women can play an active role in community planning and decision making as members of CDCs and women’s associations. The conservative nature of Yemeni society in relation to women’s rights and freedom has necessitated a separate and tailored approach to employment and sustainable livelihoods for women. The project will support the rehabilitation of a war damaged ‘safe space’ for women in Sa’adah. The women’s center has proven to be an acceptable venue for vocational training and craft workshop serving more than 100 women on any given day.


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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Yemen or the lead agency for the programme.

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