Project Factsheet
United Nations Fund Darfur
Start Date *: 17 Dec 2015
End Date*: 30 Jun 2018
Country: Sudan Project Status: Operationally Closed
  Participating Organization:   Multiple

Duration: 18 months

Lead Agency: UNDP (with UNHCR, IOM and UNAMID)

Pillar 2: Reconstruction

Project Objectives

  • Security provided at 50 return sites;
  • Successful social and economic reintegration of returnees at 50 return sites.

Introduction and Problem Statement:

More than a decade after the onset of the Darfur conflict, there are 2.5 million IDPs in Darfur who are still in need of a durable solution to their predicament, either to return to their original locations or to integrate into the urban environment. Although most IDPs remain in camps or with host communities, since the beginning of 2011, more than 280,000 displaced persons have returned to their places of origin voluntarily and permanently across Darfur. Among them, approximately 216,000 are IDPs and 64,000 are Sudanese refugees returning from the border areas of Chad. According to data collected in 2011, returns are not always to the exact areas of origin. In many cases, returnees sought locations where there was improved access to basic services, protection and livelihoods options. In reality, many more IDPs return but face difficulties to reintegrate due to external constraints and are therefore obliged to go back to IDP camps and continue to depend on humanitarian assistance. The long-term sustainability of returns will, therefore, depend upon improved security, the provision of basic services and livelihoods opportunities in returns areas and well planned initiatives. The conditions suitable for return are spelt out in Article 50 of the DDPD. The Darfur Development Strategy indicate that, apart from insecurity, the main reasons behind the unwillingness to return and unsustainable returns are that these conditions have not been met. The concerns include personal security and protection, the lack of safe and sustainable access to essential goods (food, Non Food Items, shelters), basic services (water, health, education facilities), and livelihood assets and opportunities.


This Project aims to realize many of the crucial elements necessary to meet the conditions for return, working in complete coordination with all parties with responsibilities in this task. In doing so, this Project will target 50 selected return sites in the West, Central and North Darfur States to pilot a model of sustainable returns and reintegration that could eventually be scaled up. Based on the first needs assessment, 10 localities in West, Central and North Darfur have been identified. The project will benefit from the best practices and coordinate its activities with the service hubs model implemented by the Qatari supported NGOs and with the DRDF programme already established in the DRA. This Project will undertake a set of specific but interconnected and complimentary interventions in order to achieve the following results:

  • Security provided at targeted return sites through police stations and community policing, and land concerns addressed in conjunction with UNAMID and the Darfur Land Commission;
  • Community-based basic services for education provided in return sites, in conjunction/coordination with WHO and other UNDF Projects and DRA interventions;
  • Short term assistance (including transitional shelters) provided to new returnees on arrival in conjunction with the Voluntary Returns and Reintegration Commission (VRRC) and WFP;
  • Livelihoods, community livelihoods assets and income generating activities are promoted in return sites with the cooperation of all parties.

Implementing Partners:

The Project implemented by UNDP, UNHCR and UNAMID, in liaison with IOM and WHO, and in close partnership with the Voluntary Returns and Reintegration Commission (VRRC), and relevant DRA Ministries and Commissions and the appropriate technical institutions of the Federal and Darfur State Governments.

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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Sudan or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

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