Project Factsheet
Project ID:00097500Description:SUSTAINABLE WASH SERVICES
United Nations Fund Darfur
Start Date *: 17 Dec 2015
End Date*: 30 Jun 2018
Country: Sudan Project Status: Operationally Closed
  Participating Organization:   Multiple

Duration: 18 months

Lead Agency: UNICEF (with UNEP, WHO and IOM)

Pillar 2: Reconstruction

Project Objectives

Increased access to improved water sources and sanitation;

Enhanced access to and utilization of comprehensive health and nutrition services;

Improved management systems of water, land and forest resources.

Introduction & Problem Statement:

The Darfur daily average consumption is as low as five litres of water per person, though IDPs and people living in Darfur’s towns and cities are better served. Population and per capita water consumption figures from 2010 in Darfur indicates that huge geographic gaps and imbalances remain in adequate water coverage, with only 25% of human needs met in some locations. Average per capita water consumption estimates show that IDPs and people living in Darfur’s towns and cities are better served, though the Darfur daily average consumption is as low as five litres of water per person. When livestock needs are included, just 15% of the average water resource demand is met. Access to improved water supply in Darfur ranges from 20% of the population in East Darfur to 53% in North Darfur, while access to improved sanitation is in fact the lowest in Sudan; it covers only 4% of South Darfur rising to 13% in West Darfur. In the majority of households, where the source of drinking water is not on the premises, women bear the burden of collecting water. The situation in Darfur schools is also alarming with an average of only 37% of schools having access to water, sanitation and hygiene facilities, with schools in urban areas being significantly better served with WASH facilities than those in rural locations are.

The main water resources are seasonal surface water catchments, alluvial and fractured basement complex aquifers and very deep sandstone aquifers. The DDS states that many rural water delivery systems were damaged or destroyed as part of the conflict and records that 30% of water yards, 30% of hand pumps and 59% of hand-dug wells are non-functional. The water quality in rural areas and especially remote localities of Darfur is patchy, inconsistent and lacks coordination and synergy between different stakeholders involved in water source management. Around 20% of the water sources are not monitored through laboratory testing and more than one third of monitored sources show significant contamination with Escherichia coli and Hepatitis E virus.


This Project is fundamental to most of the return and rural stabilisation actions being considered in Darfur recovery. A dependable source of water is essential for life and its guaranteed provision is a fundamental pre-requisite in the consideration of return and for sustainable development of rural livelihoods.

The Project will improve rural communities’ access to safe drinking water through the construction of 150 boreholes fitted with hand pumps, 16 Mini water yards, nine Water yards, rehabilitation of 37 hand pumps, 12 water yards and 25 mini water yards and support running costs for 80 water supply units across 22 localities in five Darfur. Similarly, the project will support the construction and/or rehabilitation of water supply systems in 50 basic schools and 30 health facilities. The sanitation activity will focus on the implementation of Community Approaches to Total Sanitation (CATS), a community led process to engage everyone (male and female) in a community in problem diagnosis, problem analysis, and coming up with appropriate solutions. The targeted communities will start the journey towards the use of more improved sanitation systems, thus enabling household to climb the sanitation ladder. Construction of new public latrines in selected return area and construction or rehabilitation of gender-segregated school latrines including handwashing stations in 50 basic schools will be as part of the intervention. The project will ensure its sustainability through integrated water resource management and full participation of the beneficiary communities in the project implementation (assessment, implementation and monitoring).

Implementing Partners

UNICEF, IOM, UNEP and WHO will implement the Project in close coordination and partnership with Darfur Regional Authority, relevant Darfur State Water Institutions, Ministry of Water Resources and Electricity, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Environment.

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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Sudan or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

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