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Tools for » UNA059-CRSV accountability in
Project ID:00113516Description:UNA059-CRSV accountability in
UN Action Agst Sexual Violence
Start Date *: 4 Jan 2019
UN Action Against Sexual Viole
End Date*: 31 Dec 2019
Country: United Nations Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   Multiple

UNA059 Enhancing Capacity and Accountability to Prevent and Respond to CRSV in Myanmar  


Gender-based violence remains a key protection concern for conflict-affected populations across Myanmar particularly in Rakhine, Kachin and Northern Shan States. While the contexts of each state and conflict vary, sexual violence is an unfortunate common thread. Global awareness of CRSV in Myanmar was brought to the forefront in late 2017, as over 700,000 Rohingya fled from Rakhine State. The Myanmar Security Forces (Tatmadaw) Myanmar was listed on the 2017 annual reports of the SRSG CRSV, in addition to being listed in SRSG Children and Armed Conflict (CAAC) report for new violations in 2017, including rape and sexual violence.  The visit to Myanmar, of Pramila Patten, SRSG on Sexual Violence in Conflict, in November 2017 was an opportunity for high level engagement with the government on sexual violence in conflict. The SRSG encouraged the swift adoption of a Joint Communiqué of the Government of Myanmar and the Office of the SRSG on the prevention and response to conflict-related sexual violence, in accordance with Security Council resolution 2106 (2013). The Joint Communique was signed during the first week of December 2018 and it therefore, remains is critical for UN partners on the ground to work strategically to continue to advocate and strengthen mechanisms to more efficiently prevent and respond to CRSV.

With a geographical focus on Rakhine, Kachin and Northern Shan States- those most afflicted by conflict and with the highest humanitarian need- the aim of this joint action is to improve response and protection of survivors and at-risk women and girls of CRSV. The focus is to enhance the capacity of all actors to prevent and respond to CRSV.  Efforts will focus on three main outcomes: (1) improving access to supportive and strengthened service delivery to survivors of sexual violence, with a focus on mental and physical health services; (2) reinforcing positive social norms to support survivors’ service-seeking behaviour and response to survivors; and (3) improving awareness on CRSV among duty bearers to prevent future violations. It is expected that all three outcomes will contribute significantly to strengthen the capacity of national institutions, in particular, to deal with CRSV that remains both a pressing gap and a priority at present. These efforts will also help to strengthen working relationship between UN actors and accountable national actors, paving the way for increased support and engagement on CRSV if and when the Joint Communique is signed. Even in the absence of a signed communique, continued engagement to leverage commitments made by Ministry of Health and Sports (MOHS), the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement (MOSWRR), the Myanmar Police Force and the Attorney General’s Office are important to signal national commitment and ownership to addressing GBV which is a critical entry point to more direct national action and accountability toward CRSV, more specifically.

In summary, funding from UN Action will be catalytic given that multi-year efforts to build capacities and develop national systems around addressing GBV and VAC are coming to fruition and additional support is now required to ensure implementation at state and township levels. Furthermore, given the signature of the Joint Comunique, acceptance of security forces of the CTFMR, the double listing of the Tatmadaw in the SRSG CAAC and SRSG CRSV reports for 2017 violations provides an opportunity to raise awareness around the UNSCRs on CRSV and accountability. Sustained efforts will be required and all agencies have multi-year commitments to addressing CRSV. 

Strategic Partnership

UNFPA, IOM and UNICEF have long-standing programmes in Myanmar and operational presences in Rakhine, Kachin and Northern Shan States. Along with the ever-growing concern over accountability (vis-à-vis the 2017 August Rakhine crisis), much-needed support to survivors is also required; continued support to relevant ministries and in particular MoHS and MSWRR is an important step to ensuring government accountability and readiness to respond to survivors. UNFPA leads the GBV Sub-Sector and supports a multi-sectoral programme that engages with MOHS, MOSWRR, the Police and the Attorney Generals Offices and is currently focused on support for the development of specific protocols to prevent and respond to GBV and the rollout of those policies sub-nationally.  However, due to current mistrust between the government and communities in some places, it is also important to engage with communities and non-governmental providers.

UNFPA, IOM and UNICEF will coordinate closely across all outcomes with clear division of labor based on agency specific areas of comparative advantage and current operational space. UNFPA will provide technical assistance at the union and state levels to develop and continue to roll out GBV and MHPSS guidelines and materials together with inputs from UNICEF and IOM, and build the PSS capacities of partners delivering services through MHPSS Peer Support Networks (Outcome 1).With a strong presence at township level in Rakhine and Kachin States, IOM will focus on township and community level capacity building activities on both clinical guidelines and community-based PSS (Outcome 1, 2).  UNICEF will lead operational research to better understand service seeking behavior while both UNFPA and IOM will support improved community engagement among various constituencies (Outcome 2). As co-chair of the CTFMR, UNICEF is already organizing engagement with security actors on the six grave violations and with contributions from UNFPA opportunities to expand engagement to build awareness around CRSV and accountability will be pursued (Outcome 3).  Over-all, the proposed partnership will cover engagement at the national level with key ministries and security actors,  systems strengthening support at the national and state levels in the most conflict-affected states, and community engagement with affected populations. These actions will contribute to improved coverage of strengthen services, awareness, and reinforce capacities to respond to mental and physical health needs of survivors.

As operational field agencies, UNFPA, UNICEF and IOM are all well-positioned to broaden access to survivor support through government and non-governmental partners and also to strengthen awareness and demand for accountability. Approximately 70% of the budget will be allocated directly toward programme implementation while 30% will be allocated toward staff salaries and running costs given the largely technical nature of the support required and the need to maintain operational presences in the conflict-affected states. The specific budget lines for each agencies staff and office cost are at the minimum level of cost and co-shared with other program funds of UNFPA, IOM and UNICEF this is also to ensure accountability across all levels of support.

Project Goal and Outputs

The project’s overall goal is: To increase protection for women and girls affected by conflict and eliminate conflict related sexual violence by enhancing capacities and accountability. The specific outcomes are as follows:

Outcome 1


Improve access to supportive and strengthened services to survivors of sexual violence, with a focus on mental and physical health services

Outcome 2

Reinforced positive social norms to support survivors’ service-seeking behavior and strengthen capacities to respond to survivors’ needs at the community level

Outcome 3

Improved awareness on CRSV among duty bearers to prevent future violations



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