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Reducing the prevalence of gender-based violence in Zambia


Building on the success of its first phase, the Government of the Republic of Zambia and United Nations, the Joint Programme on Gender Based Violence Phase II accelerates the implementation of health, protection, legal, and coordination programmes that enhance GBV prevention and response at sub-national and national levels.

Fund scope

Although significant successes was seen following phase I of the Joint Programme, rates of gender-based violence (GBV) in Zambia are still high in certain parts of the country. Real-time data on GBV prevalence is limited, but available numbers show that reported cases increased from 12,924 in 2012 to 18,540 in 2016, and jumped to 22,073 in 2018. The most common types of GBV are intimate partner violence, sexual violence against children, rape, sexual harassment, and child marriage. Forty-three percent of childbearing age women in Zambia have experienced physical violence at some point in their lives.

To counter this upward trend the Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ) has made a commitment to counter gender inequality and GBV, developing and enacting laws, policies and plans. It builds on the previous Joint Programme on Gender-Based Violence, which came to an end in December 2017.

Phase II of the Joint Programme on Gender-Based Violence in Zambia focusses on prevention and response at sub-national and national levels. This new chapter of the programme is designed to:

  • Strengthen and scale-up best practices from the previous phase.
  • Streamline joint programme operations to further the Delivering as One approach.
  • Minimize overlaps and duplication with other GBV programmes (regardless of funding source).

The United Nations and GRZ Joint Programme improves access to, and use of, quality prevention and response services in the areas of health, rule of law, social welfare, economic empowerment, and social protection for GBV survivors. Strengthening community GBV response mechanisms is one of the gateways to spurring sustainable institutional changes in formal and informal structures.

Theory of change

The theory of change for the Joint Programme is focused on structural challenges and solutions that reduce GBV prevalence in target districts through a two-pronged method that strengthens access to, and utilisation of, GBV responsive services. This method also empowers GBV survivors, people at risk, and community members to break cycles of abuse by challenging cultural norms, social preconceptions, and community tendency toward cycles of silence.

The response component is comprised of four elements (Fast-Track Courts, One Stop Centres, shelters, and Village Led One Stop Centres) that enhance the professional capacities of service providers like police officers, social workers, medical staff, and legal officers so they can offer effective and efficient responses to GBV survivors. This includes strengthening child-friendly services and those designed to reach unaccompanied and separated child migrants.

The prevention piece of the programme is about boosting community engagement and sustaining participation, particularly among traditional leaders. To this end, Village Led One Stop Centres play an important role in informing community members on the benefits of, and reasons for, projects that support survivors of GBV and why it is critical to report cases to relevant authorities. Moreover, centres are imperative for shifting wider behaviours, norms, and collective discourse to discourage all forms of GBV and, eventually, stop its occurrence.

Governance arrangements

Steering Committee. The Steering Committee, in accordance with rules of procedure and under the coordination of the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Gender, provides high-level strategic direction for the Joint Programme, and oversight on effective management and implementation of programme activities.

Programme Implementation Committee. Manages implementation of projects and ensures harmonized approaches and quality assurance measures are in place. The Committee is responsible for providing technical guidance for effective programme implementation; coordinating implementation; preparing terms of reference for impact evaluations; designing annual implementation plans, and drafting quarterly and annual progress reports. 

Joint United Nations Technical Team. Collaborates closely with the Government of Zambia to support the planning and operationalization of activities. The Technical Team ensures that prevention and service delivery actions take place in all districts as per the implementation schedule, and implement downstream approaches through implementing partners in a systematic and inclusive manner.  

Administrative Agent. Participating Organizations receive funds through the Administrative Agent, Multi-Partner Trust Fund (MPTF) Office. The Administrative Agent is responsible for the receipt, administration and management of contributions from donors, disbursement of funds to Participating Organizations, and consolidation and dissemination of progress reports to donors.  

Participating Organizations. Programme implementation is the responsibility of Participating Organizations. Each organization is programmatically and financially responsible for resources received.

Recent Documents

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Key Figures
Funding Status
Participating Organizations are required to submit final year-end expenditures by April 30 in the following year; Interim expenditure figures are submitted on a voluntary basis and therefore current year figures are not final until the year-end expenditures have been submitted.
Total as of
Values in US$
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Funds with Administrative Agent
Contributions from Donors 6,231,535  
Interest and Investment Income (from Fund) 8,235  
Interest (from Participating Organizations) 0  
Total source of funds   6,239,770
Transferred to Participating Organizations 6,177,366  
Refunds from Participating Organizations 0  
Administrative Agent Fee 62,315  
Direct Cost 0  
Bank Charges 89  
Total use of funds   6,239,770
Balance with Administrative Agent   0
As a percentage of deposits   0.0%
Funds with Participating Organizations
Transfers to Participation Organizations 6,177,366  
Total resources   6,177,366
Participating Organizations' Expenditure 3,156,449  
Refunds from Participating Organizations 0  
Total expenses     3,156,449
Balance with Participating Organizations   3,020,917
As a percentage of transfers   48.9%
Total Balance of Funds   3,020,917
As a percentage of deposits   48.5%
Delivery Analysis
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