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Project ID:00073261Description:Bhutan - Poverty & MDGs
Bhutan UN Country Fund
Start Date *: 14 Dec 2009
Poverty and MDGs
End Date*: 31 Dec 2012
Country: Bhutan Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   Multiple

UNDAF Outcome 1: By 2012, opportunities for generation of income and employment increased in targeted poor areas. (MDGs 1, 8)

CT Outcome 1: Access to socioeconomic services, markets and information improved for smallholder and marginal farmers in targeted rural areas.

Strategy/Outputs: IFAD will support the establishment of the necessary rural infrastructure to improve the access of small and marginal farmers in targeted areas to socioeconomic services, markets and information for generation of employment and incomes. Post-harvest management facilitates and practices, along with access to rural credit, also will be improved in selected poor areas. FAO will support the Ministry of Agriculture in enhancing rural incomes through improvements along a number of the country’s most important commodity chains in order to improve productivity and increase the value addition of agricultural products.

Through provision of a comprehensive package of services for the generation of employment and income, UNDP and UNV will support the Planning Commission in adopting a targeted, community-based development approach for a selected number of vulnerable minority groups and hard-to-reach communities through fostering volunteerism for development. The needs of women and unemployed youth will be given particular consideration. The Planning Commission will be assisted in development of relevant criteria for upscaling of the targeted approach while the Ministry of Information and Communication will be supported in the establishment of community information centres in selected gewogs to enhance access to information and extension services and to create employment opportunities. A review of Government and CSO programmes and projects on community development will further enforce the targeted approach. Partnerships will be expanded and strengthened with sub-national Government entities, NGOs such as the Tarayana Foundation, and other CBOs.

CT Outcome 2: Food security among smallholder farmers and other vulnerable groups in targeted rural areas enhanced.

Strategy/Outputs: To enhance food security amongst small farmers and vulnerable groups in selected areas through improved agriculture productivity, IFAD and FAO will support the supply of necessary agricultural inputs such as high-yielding varieties of seeds, seedlings, fertilizers and improved irrigations systems. This will include policy and regulatory reform in the seed sector and other agricultural inputs, in addition to support for innovations in sustainable land and water management in targeted areas.

UNDP will support efforts addressing the environment-poverty nexus in selected communities, in terms of balancing conservation of biodiversity with rural people’s need to access natural resources for sustainable livelihoods. Targeting food security issues, relevant research and studies will be undertaken at the national level to inform national policies and interventions and address the issue of wildlife crop damage and livestock damage. Selected interventions will be supported as outlined in the National Organic Production Framework. UNDP, IFAD and UNV also will support the formation of self-help groups and cooperatives/targeted extension services as part of the services provided for the development of selected communities. Partnerships will be expanded and strengthened with NGOs and other community-based organizations.

CT Outcome 3: Capacity of the Government strengthened to formulate a policy framework for private sector development and respond to economic constraints and vulnerabilities, with a focus on employment generation and pro-poor growth.

Strategy/Outputs: UNDP, together with other United Nations Agencies such as UNESCO, will support the Government in formulating a private sector development framework that is comprehensive, pro-poor, gender- and youth-oriented, and culture- and heritage-based, particularly focused on the development of micro, small and medium rural enterprises. UNDP, UNCTAD and UNESCAP will collaboratively support capacity development of the Ministry of Trade and Industry, other relevant Government agencies and the private sector in order that Bhutan may benefit from membership in the WTO and regional trade and technical arrangements such as BIMSTEC and SAFTA. Capacity building for trade negotiations, export promotion and building of public-private partnerships likewise will be supported.

To improve the availability of reliable and timely labour market information, UNDP, in collaboration with relevant Agencies such as ILO, will support the Ministry of Labour and Human Resources to strengthen its labour market information system, developing its capacity for labour market analysis and formulation of sound labour and employment policies.

CT Outcome 4: New micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and jobs created, with emphasis on women and youth.

Strategy/Outputs: UNDP will concentrate on development of community-based MSMEs that are pro-poor, gender-sensitive and youth-oriented, in targeted areas. To develop culture-based creative industries for poverty reduction as a niche area for MSMEs, the capacity of the Ministry of Home and Cultural Affairs and other relevant agencies, and the availability of data and statistics on culture-based regional resources such as cane and bamboo products, will be enhanced. Pilot projects in selected rural areas can be used to develop innovative means to promote MSMEs for women and youth employment. Production of organic niche products and identification of community-based eco-tourism opportunities will be targeted where relevant. Toward this end, UNDP, IFAD and UNV will continue to provide a comprehensive package of MSME development services, including access to microfinance, information, market linkages and business development services. Selected export-based MSMEs will be supported to improve the country’s trade balance by increasing domestic value-added.

UNDP will partner with Government and private sector agencies at the national and sub-national levels, as well as with CBOs. The partnership with financial institutions providing rural credit and microfinance particularly will be enhanced. Capacity development of these agencies and organizations will be supported accordingly. Formation of groups and cooperatives will be emphasized.

CT Outcome 5: Public sector uses results-based approach in policy formulation, planning and programme development related to MDGs, Gross National Happiness and other national priorities.

Strategy/ Outputs: UNDP and UNICEF will support capacity development of the Government to effectively use a results-based approach in developing policies, plans and programmes geared toward achieving national priorities, including attainment of the MDGs. These Agencies, in partnership with the Planning Commission and National Statistics Bureau (NSB), will strengthen the capacity of relevant staff and support operationalization and use of the national planning, monitoring and budgeting system. The ExCom Agencies will support the Planning Commission in regular MDG progress reporting and advocacy, and in implementation of the MDG Needs Assessment and Costing Exercise. Similarly, the ExCom Agencies will support the Planning Commission in the area of resource mobilization, including the convening of Round Table Meetings.

The ExCom Agencies, UNIFEM and UNESCAP will strengthen support toward capacity development of NSB and other relevant agencies for disaggregated data collection, analysis and use, ensuring that Government and United Nations development efforts are evidence-based and targeted. Support will be provided to effectively implement a Statistical Plan of Action. The ExCom Agencies will work with NSB to ensure that data systems are updated and accessible and that users are familiar with their operation. Other important areas of support by the ExCom Agencies, in collaboration with the Centre for Bhutan Studies and the Planning Commission, include development of national capacity in macroeconomic planning and projections; support to research and national and international conferences on GNH; and operationalization of GNH through development and use of the Bhutan Development Index.

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