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Tools for » SUN 02/NPL/007 "Civil Society"
Project ID:00087074Description:SUN 02/NPL/007 "Civil Society"
SUN Movement Fund
Start Date *: 2 Jul 2013
Country Catalytic Programmes
End Date*: 31 Dec 2016
Country: Nepal Project Status: Financially Closed
  Participating Organization:   WFP - World Food Programme

Engaging civil society organisations in advocating and sustaining political will for government action for scaling up nutrition


  • Country: Nepal   
  • Implementing Partner: Save the Children Nepal
  • Participating Organization: WFP
  • Duration: 30 months –June 2013- December 2015
  • MPTF support: US$ 428.000
  • Main Contact: Mahato, Raj Kumar at


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Nepal has made considerable progress in reducing child and maternal mortality with significant progress on reducing micronutrient malnutrition. Despite progress, the achievement in reducing general malnutrition in Nepal has remained poor. The Ministry of Health and Population conducted a Nutritional Assessment and Gap Analysis in 2009 to identify the proximal, intermediate and distal cause of malnutrition and the causal pathway. One of the major recommendations provided by the assessment was to develop a multisectoral architect for nutrition both at national and sub-national level and implement the cost effective nutrition interventions. Following which an inter-ministerial, multi-donor committee in Nutrition was formed under the stewardship of National Planning Commission to develop the Multi Sectoral Nutrition Plans (MNSP) to improve the maternal and child under nutrition. The different ministry engaged in the development of plan are Ministry of Education, Agriculture, Physical Planning and works, Local Development and Health.

Indeed Nepal has a long history of developing Multi Sectoral Nutrition Plans (MSNP) as happened in 1998 and then again 2006 by engaging different line ministries. Implementation and ownership by line ministries and donor agencies remains a challenge. Civil society could play a critical role in this area by pressing for mechanisms to monitor and advocate for the implementation of multi Sectoral plan and by possibly promoting interaction and facilitating effective linkages between the sub-national and national level state authorities. Civil society on the other hand faces its own challenges. There are many NGOs working in the field of nutrition, each with its own agenda and approach. A more coordinated effort in design, implementation, and monitoring is required to prioritize the nutrition efforts in the country. Increased civil society visibility and influence in health policy development through capacity building in raising nutrition related issues supported by an expansion in access to information and knowledge would be an asset to effective advocacy and support in implementation of multi-sectoral nutrition plan at local level. 

The framework on scaling up nutrition (SUN) has provided the road map for Multisectoral Approach in Nutrition where the civil society has been recognized as a key stakeholder responsible for advocating and sustaining the political will for government action in monitoring and accountability of both public sector and private sectors in service delivery. This is creating a more favourable environment for civil society to unfold a positive contribution. In this regard a consultative meeting has been conducted with a CSO representing civil society in order to identify the potential role of civil society in scaling up nutrition in the country. This proposal reflects some of the major findings of such consultative meeting.


The consultative meeting began by noting the clear need to scale up efforts in nutrition by involving CSOs. The overall coordination of the multi-sectoral plan at the national level lies with the National Planning Commission, under the stewardship of the National Nutrition Steering Committee and National Food and Nutrition Security Steering Committee, in which bi-lateral and multi-lateral stakeholders, including DFID, the World Bank and UNICEF participate. Now it is realized that CSOs need to pro-actively work towards ensuring room for CSOs in the national multi stakeholder platforms. CSOs have a multi-faceted role within the SUN movement (implementer, watchdog, communicator, advocate, data collector among others).

The project seeks to influence the development and implementation of an adequate and effective policy and programmatic response that will lead to improved nutrition outcomes. More specifically the proposal will help achieve the following three core objectives:

1) To establish a strong, sustainable and inclusive civil society alliance on nutrition from all sectors
2) Strengthen the capacity of the civil society to influence policy design, implementation and monitoring and to build relations with government and the donor community
3) To mobilize CSOS to advocate for and report on the response to malnutrition in Nepal, including develop proposals and recommendations to improve the response


OUTCOME1: A strong, sustainable and inclusive civil society alliance on nutrition from all sectors is formed and it is functioning

Main activities to achieve this will include:

  • A functional CSO alliance developed and with executive bodies established at national and sub-national level
  • Nutrition alliance joint recognized by CSO and Government and nutrition alliance secretariat office established
  • Approval of a strategy and plan of operation for the alliance with resources allocated for the secretariat
  • Alliance members have periodic meetings and workshops –including review meetings as needed

OUTCOME2: Capacities of the civil society to influence policy design, implementation and monitoring and to build relations with government and the donor community are strengthened

The following will be done in order to achieve the proposed outcome:

  • Members of the CSO alliance are informed and capacitated on the Multisectoral nutritional plan of the government in order to assist them to advocate for its implementation at all levels by developing evidence based tools for Multi Sectoral nutrition planning 
  •  CSO alliance capacitated in monitoring the progress in implementation of Multi Sectoral Nutrition Plan
  • CSO Alliance and its members capacitated in budget analysis for scaling up nutrition at national and sub-national level

OUTCOME3: CSOs mobilized to advocate for and report on the response to malnutrition in Nepal, including by developing proposals and recommendations to improve the response by engaging in the SUN multi-stakeholder dialogue and promoting the implementation of the existing multi-sectoral plan on nutrition

The following activities will help achieve this:

  • Engaging CSOs on advocacy through evidence based research with the aim to produce 4 nutrition policy briefs are produced at national level incorporating the findings at the sub-national level which are reflected in policy and plans;
  • Running 2 media campaigns organized by the Alliance at national and districts level based on evidence produced in briefs. Public hearing (eight at least) organized by the Alliance at national and districts level as part of the campaign
  • Appointment of a focal person to track and monitor the progress in implementation of nutrition plans including budgetary issues to report back to the alliance with at least 4 monitoring and evaluation briefs
  • A Ombudsperson model tested at sub-district level by appointing an ombudsperson to monitor donor and government commitment and accountability for nutrition 


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If you have questions about this programme you may wish to contact the RC office in Nepal or the lead agency for the programme. The MPTF Office Portfolio Manager (or Country Director with Delegation of Authority) for this programme:

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